Merck
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K1003

Sigma-Aldrich

Ketoconazole

99.0-101.0% (EP, titration)

Synonym(s):
(±)-cis-1-Acetyl-4-(4-[(2-[2,4-dichlorophenyl]-2-[1H-imidazol-1-ylmethyl]-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl)-methoxy]phenyl)piperazine
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C26H28Cl2N4O4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
531.43
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.85

description

Specific Optical Rotation (EP): (−0.10) ∼ +0.10 °

Quality Level

assay

99.0-101.0% (EP, titration)

form

powder

color

white to off-white

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-positive bacteria
fungi
yeast

Mode of action

enzyme | inhibits

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CC(=O)N1CCN(CC1)c2ccc(OC[C@H]3CO[C@@](Cn4ccnc4)(O3)c5ccc(Cl)cc5Cl)cc2

InChI

1S/C26H28Cl2N4O4/c1-19(33)31-10-12-32(13-11-31)21-3-5-22(6-4-21)34-15-23-16-35-26(36-23,17-30-9-8-29-18-30)24-7-2-20(27)14-25(24)28/h2-9,14,18,23H,10-13,15-17H2,1H3/t23-,26-/m0/s1

InChI key

XMAYWYJOQHXEEK-OZXSUGGESA-N

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Related Categories

General description

Chemical structure: imidazole

Application

Ketoconazole is a broad spectrum antifungal agent used to treat candidiasis, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, oral thrush, candiduria, blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, chromomycosis, and paracoccidioidomycosis. It is used to identify p-glycoprotein/CYP3A-limited bioavailability in the monkey model, to study interleukin 1 mediated antitumor effects, and drug interactions in vivo
CYP3A4 inhibitor

Packaging

100 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Ketoconazole interacts with 14-α demethylase, a cytochrome P-450 enzyme that is necessary for the conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol. This interaction inhibits ergosterol synthesis and results in increased fungal cellular permeability. Other possible mechanisms of action are the inhibition of endogenous respiration, interaction with membrane phospholipids, inhibition of yeast transformation to mycelial forms, inhibition of purine uptake, and impairment of triglyceride and/or phospholipid biosynthesis. Ketoconazole inhibits the synthesis of thromboxane and sterols such as aldosterone, cortisol, and testosterone .
Antifungal agent

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Repr. 1B - STOT RE 2

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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