Merck
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L3129

Sigma-Aldrich

Lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli O127:B8

purified by phenol extraction

Synonym(s):
LPS
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

biological source

Escherichia coli (O127:B8)

form

lyophilized powder

purified by

phenol extraction

impurities

<3% Protein (Lowry)

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

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General description

This product is phenol extracted from E. coli serotype O127:B8. The source strain is ATCC 12740. This LPS serotype has been used in the study of septic shock and to induce NOS in murine macrophages and PAF synthesis in rat glomerular masangial cells.

Packaging

10 mg in poly bottle
25, 100 mg in glass bottle

Application

Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. LPS and its lipid A moiety stimulate cells of the innate immune system by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the Toll-like receptor protein family, which recognizes common pathogen-associated molecular-patterns (PAMPs).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are localized in the outer layer of the membrane and are, in noncapsulated strains, exposed on the cell surface. They contribute to the integrity of the outer membrane, and protect the cell against the action of bile salts and lipophilic antibiotics.

Preparation Note

The product is soluble in water (5 mg/ml) or cell culture medium (1 mg/ml) yielding a hazy, faint yellow solution. A more concentrated, though still hazy, solution (20 mg/ml) has been achieved in aqueous saline after vortexing and warming to 70-80 oC. Lipopolysaccharides are molecules that form micelles in every solvent. Hazy solutions are observed in water and phosphate buffered saline. Organic solvents do not give clearer solutions. Methanol yields a turbid suspension with floaters, while water yields a homogeneously hazy solution.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Oral

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Bo Wang et al.
Brain, behavior, and immunity, 72, 51-60 (2017-12-03)
Our previous study has reported that the proactive secretion and role of central high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in lipopolysaccharide-induced depressive behavior. Here, the potential mechanism of HMGB1 mediating chronic-stress-induced depression through the kynurenine pathway (KP) was further explored
Meichun Zeng et al.
Toxicology letters, 271, 26-37 (2017-03-02)
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common clinical disorder that causes substantial health problems worldwide. An excessive inflammatory response is the central feature of ALI, but the mechanism is still unclear, especially the role of endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy.
Geoffroy Laumet et al.
Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 43(13), 2597-2605 (2018-07-29)
In humans, depression is often associated with low-grade inflammation, activation of the tryptophan/kynurenine pathway, and mild lymphopenia. Preclinical research confirms that inflammation induces depression-like behavior through activation of the tryptophan/kynurenine pathway. However, the mechanisms governing recovery from depression are unknown.
Marumi Ohno et al.
Shock (Augusta, Ga.), 50(2), 248-254 (2018-07-17)
Co-chaperone cytoplasmic constitutive active/androstane receptor retention protein (CCRP), a member of heat shock protein (HSP) 40, was first characterized to retain a nuclear-destined protein in the cytoplasm. Here we have used CCRP KO mice and demonstrated that CCRP suppresses lipopolysaccharide
Irene Söderhäll et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 284(10), 6301-6310 (2009-01-09)
Melanization is an important immune component of the innate immune system of invertebrates and is vital for defense as well as for wound healing. In most invertebrates melanin synthesis is achieved by the prophenoloxidase-activating system, a proteolytic cascade similar to

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