autophagy inhibitor

6-Amino-3-methylpurine, 3-MA
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Quality Level


≥99% (HPLC)




~300 °C (dec.) (lit.)


DMF: 9.80-10.20 mg/mL, clear, colorless to light yellow

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3-Methyladenine (3-MA) is used to inhibit and study the mechanism of autophagy (lysosomal self-degradation) and apoptosis under various conditions. 3-MA inhibits autophagy by blocking autophagosome formation via the inhibition of type III Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI-3K). For use as an autophagy inhibitor, 3-MA is typically used at a concentration of 5 mM.
Standard for detection of nucleic acid methylation during carcinogenesis.


100, 500 mg in poly bottle

Preparation Note

This product is soluble in DMF (10 mg/mL; may require gentle heating). It is also soluble in water, 95% ethanol, or 1 N NaOH at 30 mg/mL with heating, but upon cooling, the product precipitates from solution. Solutions of 3-MA may be prepared in DMSO at 100 mM.


13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany


Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Heng Wang et al.
Journal of dairy science, 102(9), 8264-8272 (2019-07-01)
Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen causing chronic and subclinical mastitis of cows. Autophagy is an important regulatory mechanism that participates in the elimination of invading pathogenic organisms. Here, we hypothesize that autophagy is involved in the process of Staph....
Jingyuan Chen et al.
Shock (Augusta, Ga.), 52(1), 111-121 (2018-10-05)
Sepsis-induced myopathy is a heavy burden for patients during respiratory failure as well as after discharge, which could be characterized with qualitative changes to nAChR in a rat model of sepsis, regulated by NRG-1. Autophagy is an innate immune defense...
Halima Alsamri et al.
Frontiers in oncology, 9, 743-743 (2019-08-29)
We have previously demonstrated that carnosol, a naturally occurring diterpene, inhibited in vitro cell viability and colony growth, as well as induced cell cycle arrest, autophagy and apoptosis in human triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. In the present study...
Ruishuang Ma et al.
Cancer biology & therapy, 20(9), 1206-1212 (2019-05-17)
Autophagy plays a complicated role in tumorigenesis, and the effects of autophagy in drug resistance have not been fully known. The aim of this study was to evaluate autophagy activity in lung cancer cells derived from different origins and explore...
Dejun Xu et al.
Life sciences, 232, 116639-116639 (2019-07-12)
Sirtuins have been implicated in the aging process, however, the functions of SIRT2 in post-maturation aging of oocytes are not fully understood. The purpose of the present investigation was to assess the roles of SIRT2 in aged oocytes and mechanisms...
We presents an article on Autophagy in Cancer Promotes Therapeutic Resistance
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High titer lentiviral particles for LC3 variants used for live cell analysis of cellular autophagy.
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