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P5931

Sigma-Aldrich

Phosphatase, Alkaline from Escherichia coli

lyophilized powder, 30-60 units/mg protein (in glycine buffer)

Synonym(s):
Orthophosphoric-monoester phosphohydrolase (alkaline optimum)
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
42010105
NACRES:
NA.54

form

lyophilized powder

Quality Level

specific activity

30-60 units/mg protein (in glycine buffer)

composition

Protein, ~50% biuret

storage temp.

−20°C

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General description

Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) of E.coli is a member of an enzyme group that possesses intragenic complementation.

Application

Alkaline phosphatase is used for conjugation to antibodies and other proteins for ELISA, Western blotting, and histochemical detection. It may be used for protein labeling when high sensitivity is required. Product P5931 has been used during immunoblots to treat cell membranes prior to Tau1 incubation.
The enzyme from Sigma has been used to develop a synthetic nanopore membrane. This membrane mimics protein channels that are regulated by phosphorylation/dephosphorylation and uses an aligned array of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) impregnated in a polystyrene matrix.

Packaging

100, 200, 500 units in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Alkaline phosphatase, from Escherichia coli, is a dimeric, non-glycosylated protein which mainly reside in the periplasmic space. Three known isoforms exist. The enzyme requires zinc, and is activated by magnesium. E. coli akaline phosphatase has a broad specificity for phosphate esters.
The enzyme is a phosphohydrolase having an optimal pH of 10 in vitro. The actual optimum pH varies depending on the nature and concentration of the substrate, the type of buffer, the phosphate acceptor, and to some extent the nature of the isoenzymes. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphate monoesters such as p-nitrophenyl phosphate, phenyl phosphate, phenolphthalein phosphate, α-glycerol phosphate, β-glycerol phosphate, 2-phosphorylglycerate, triosephosphate, glucose-6-phosphate, glucose 1-phosphate, fructose 1-phosphate, fructose 6-phosphate, adenosine 5-phosphate adenosine 3-phosphate, phosphoenolpyruvate, and β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. The activity is inhibited by 1,10-phenanthroline monohydrate, diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid, ethylene glycol-bis(2-aminoethylether)-N,N,N′,N′-tetraacetic acid, and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium salt dihydrate.

Unit Definition

One unit will hydrolyze 1.0 μmole of p-nitrophenyl phosphate per min at pH 10.4 at 37 °C.

Physical form

Lyophilized powder containing Tris buffer salts, MgSO4, and ZnSO4

Preparation Note

Chromatographically purified

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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