Merck
All Photos(2)

P8293

Sigma-Aldrich

Protoporphyrin IX

≥95%

Synonym(s):
Ooporphyrin, Kammerer’s porphyrin, 3,7,12,17-Tetramethyl-8,13-divinyl-2,18-porphinedipropionic acid
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C34H34N4O4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
562.66
Beilstein:
380795
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

Quality Level

assay

≥95%

form

powder

fluorescence

λex 402 nm; λem 625 nm (bound to HRP)
λex 409 nm; λem 633 nm

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

Cc1c(CCC(O)=O)c2cc3[nH]c(cc4nc(cc5[nH]c(cc1n2)c(C)c5C=C)c(C)c4C=C)c(C)c3CCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C34H34N4O4/c1-7-21-17(3)25-13-26-19(5)23(9-11-33(39)40)31(37-26)16-32-24(10-12-34(41)42)20(6)28(38-32)15-30-22(8-2)18(4)27(36-30)14-29(21)35-25/h7-8,13-16,35,38H,1-2,9-12H2,3-6H3,(H,39,40)(H,41,42)/b25-13-,26-13-,27-14-,28-15-,29-14-,30-15-,31-16-,32-16-

InChI key

KSFOVUSSGSKXFI-UJJXFSCMSA-N

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General description

Protoporphyrin IX belongs to the porphyrin family, which are a class of tetrapyrroles. It is the iron-free form of hemin and amphiphilic in nature. It is the precursor of heme in its biosynthetic pathway.
Protoporphyrin IX imparts red color to heme and is the major porphyrin in blood. It is synthesized from protoporphyrinogen IX in the presence of protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase.

Application

Protoporphyrin IX has been used:
  • as a standard in protoporphyrin assays
  • in fluorescence spectra analysis
  • to treat cells in cell culture to study heme-mediated ferroportin 1 transcription
Activates soluble guanylyl cyclase.

Packaging

1 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Protoporphyrin IX levels are elevated in tumor cells due to metabolism anomalies compared to normal cells.
Protoporphyrin IX penetrates human erythrocytes and aids the release of oxygen from them. It forms complexes with myoglobin and hemoglobin. It is a photosensitizer used in the photodynamic therapy of cancer.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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