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S3132

Sigma-Aldrich

Seleno-L-methionine

≥98% (TLC), powder

Synonym(s):
(S)-2-Amino-4-(methylseleno)butyric acid
Linear Formula:
CH3SeCH2CH2CH(NH2)CO2H
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
196.11
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.32

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (TLC)

form

powder

color

white to off-white

solubility

H2O: 50 mg/mL

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

C[Se]CC[C@H](N)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C5H11NO2Se/c1-9-3-2-4(6)5(7)8/h4H,2-3,6H2,1H3,(H,7,8)/t4-/m0/s1

InChI key

RJFAYQIBOAGBLC-BYPYZUCNSA-N

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General description

Seleno-L-Methionine (SeMet), an organic form of selenium is found in Cupriavidus metallidurans.

Application

Seleno-L-methionine has been used:
  • in toxicity studies in Japanese Medaka embryos
  • to study its effects on selenium status indicators in pregnant long-tailed macaques (Macaca Fascicularis)
  • to label proteins for single wavelength anomalous dispersion (SAD) phasing

Seleno-L-methionine has been used:
  • as a nonchemical stressor to treat Japanese Medaka fish embryos
  • to label proteins for Single wavelength Anomalous Dispersion (SAD) phasing
  • to study the distribution and inhibition effects of seleno-L-methionine on 4T1 mouse mammary carcinoma

Packaging

100, 500 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Seleno-L-Methionine (SeMet) is capable of repressing atopic dermatitis (AD)-like skin lesions. It can also prevent the expression of total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and interleukin 4 (IL-4). It can cause ecotoxicity as it is absorbed by fish through diet.
Seleno-L-methionine displays antioxidant activity and has been shown to increase the activity of glutathione peroxidase in endothelial cells. Glutathione peroxidase protects cells from oxidative damage, such as DNA strand breaks, mutations and interference with protein tyrosine-based signaling and other protein functions due to formation of 3-nitrotyrosine, caused by excessive peroxynitrite. Seleno-L-methionine administration to cancer cell lines (MCF-7/S breast carcinoma, DU-145 prostate cancer cells and UACC-375 melanoma) results in apoptotic cell death and aberrant mitosis. These human tumor cell lines exhibited dose-dependent growth inhibition by selenomethionine in the micromolar range (45 to 130μM), while growth inhibition of normal fibroblasts required 1mM selenomethionine.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. S3132.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - STOT RE 2

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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