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Residual Solvent Class 2 - N,N-Dimethylformamide

United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard

N,N-Dimethylformamide solution
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:


pharmaceutical primary standard




pharmaceutical (small molecule)





InChI key


General description

This product is provided as delivered and specified by the issuing Pharmacopoeia. All information provided in support of this product, including SDS and any product information leaflets have been developed and issued under the Authority of the issuing Pharmacopoeia.For further information and support please go to the website of the issuing Pharmacopoeia.

Analysis Note

These products are for test and assay use only. They are not meant for administration to humans or animals and cannot be used to diagnose, treat, or cure diseases of any kind.  ​

Other Notes

USP issued SDS can be found here.
Sales restrictions may apply.


Health hazard

Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects



Flash Point(F)

188.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

87 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Cui Wang et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 190, 133-138 (2014-04-22)
Occupational and experimental studies have revealed the organs most affected by dimethylformamide (DMF) are liver and gastrointestinal tract. However, few studies have focused on the potential effect of outdoor pollution of DMF. This study examined the health risk of hospitalization
Metabolism of N,N-dimethylformamide: key to the understanding of its toxicity.
A Gescher
Chemical research in toxicology, 6(3), 245-251 (1993-05-01)
K Tanaka et al.
Sangyo igaku. Japanese journal of industrial health, 24(1), 3-12 (1982-01-01)
Industrial use of N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF) is increasing in recent years. The toxic properties of this substance are reviewed from the standpoint of industrial hygiene. Hepatotoxicity has been emphasized by many authors. Care should be taken against the skin absorption
Shengtao Ding et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 51(37), 9226-9237 (2012-08-30)
Often used as a common solvent for chemical reations and utilized widely in industry as a reagent, N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) has played an important role in organic synthesis for a long time. Numerous highly useful articles and reviews discussing its utilizations
Xiaowen Xu et al.
Organic letters, 16(13), 3540-3543 (2014-06-17)
A novel straightforward synthesis of both symmetrical and unsymmetrical 2,4-disubstituted-1,3,5-triazines via aerobic copper-catalyzed cyclization of amidines with DMF as a one-carbon synthon has been developed. The presented method allows synthesizing the products that are currently inaccessible or challenging to prepare

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