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1211006

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Wei Lu et al.
Cancer biology & therapy, 15(9), 1174-1184 (2014-06-12)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) may contribute to tumor initiation, distant metastasis and chemo-resistance. One of RNA-binding proteins, Quaking (QKI), was reported to be a tumor suppressor. Here we showed that reduced QKI levels were observed in many human oral cancer
Katherine Czysz et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0117689-e0117689 (2015-02-07)
Definitive endoderm (DE) is one of the three germ layers which during in vivo vertebrate development gives rise to a variety of organs including liver, lungs, thyroid and pancreas; consequently efficient in vitro initiation of stem cell differentiation to DE
Shi Yue et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 192(11), 5343-5353 (2014-04-29)
Although the role of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) in regulating cell proliferation is well established, its function in immune responses remains to be fully appreciated. In the current study, we analyzed myeloid-specific PTEN function in
Katja K Schneider et al.
Neuroreport, 26(4), 186-191 (2015-02-13)
Acetylcholine influences the speed of information processing. We examined the effect of the rs3841324 polymorphism (L/S) and the rs16969968 (G/A) polymorphism on response speed in the Stroop task and the Negative priming task. These polymorphisms are located in the gene
Davy Baudelet et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 986-987, 35-43 (2015-02-24)
The P2X receptors are seven-transmembrane domain G protein-coupled receptors and the 7 subtypes of P2X receptors identified in humans, and named P2X1 to P2X7, are channel receptors whose endogenous ligand is ATP. New antagonists of the P2X7 receptor were developed
Lanhong Zheng et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e111270-e111270 (2014-11-06)
A Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterium, designated as S-1, was isolated from a marine sediment sample collected from South China Sea. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that S-1 belongs to the genus Brevibacillus. A novel cytotoxic peptide was
Huanzhang Xiong et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 155(1), 753-757 (2014-06-20)
Taraxasterol was isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Taraxacum officinale which has been frequently used as a remedy for inflammatory diseases. Our previous study has shown that taraxasterol inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production in
Jingjing Li et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0120440-e0120440 (2015-03-12)
Astaxanthin, a potent antioxidant, exhibits a wide range of biological activities, including antioxidant, atherosclerosis and antitumor activities. However, its effect on concanavalin A (ConA)-induced autoimmune hepatitis remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of
Luciana Costa et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e109672-e109672 (2014-10-24)
Previous results demonstrate that the hybrid synthetic pterocarpanquinone LQB-118 presents antileishmanial activity against Leishmania amazonensis in a mouse model. The aim of the present study was to use a hamster model to investigate whether LQB-118 presents antileishmanial activity against Leishmania
Fengzhen Huang et al.
FEBS letters, 588(24), 4791-4798 (2014-12-03)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to play significant roles in the pathogenesis of various polyQ diseases. This study aims to investigate the regulation of ATXN3 gene expression by miRNA. We found that miR-25 reduced both wild-type and polyQ-expanded mutant ataxin-3
Minal J Menezes et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(8), 2297-2307 (2015-01-04)
Functional defects of the mitochondrial translation machinery, as a result of mutations in nuclear-encoded genes, have been associated with combined oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) deficiencies. We report siblings with congenital sensorineural deafness and lactic acidemia in association with combined respiratory chain
Ting Song et al.
European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, 70, 64-71 (2015-01-18)
Paclitaxel is an alternative chemotherapeutic agent for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) when primary or secondary resistance of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) is emerging, because paclitaxel could bypass the apoptotic deficiencies linked to p53 and fas ligand pathways in CML. However
Xiao-Lei Zhu et al.
ChemMedChem, 9(7), 1512-1521 (2014-03-29)
Succinate-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (SQR, EC 1.3.5.1), also known as mitochondrial respiratory complex II or succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), catalyzes the oxidation of succinate to fumarate as part of the tricarboxylic acid cycle. SQR has been identified as a novel target of a large family
Jing-Qiang Guo et al.
International journal of oncology, 45(3), 1065-1072 (2014-06-19)
Ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3), a trace tetracyclic triterpenoid saponin, is extracted from ginseng and shown to have anticancer activity against several types of cancers. This study explored the effect of Rg3 on pancreatic cancer vasculogenic mimicry. Altered vasculogenic mimicry formation was
Dipti Kakkar et al.
Macromolecular bioscience, 15(1), 124-137 (2015-01-06)
Huisgen's 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition ("Click Chemestry") has been used to prepare amphiphilic PEO-b-PBLG diblock and PBLG-b-PEO-b-PBLG triblock copolymers as potential carriers of anticancer drugs. Spherical and flower shaped micelles (D ≈ 100 nm) were obtained from diblock and triblock copolymers respectively.
S Hambÿe et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 95, 54-60 (2014-03-19)
Pentamidine isethionate (PTMD) is an antiprotozoal agent used in different parasitic diseases as Human African Trypanosomiasis or Pneumocystis pneumonia. Given its side effects, numerous analogs are still under development worldwide. PTMD has been recently described having a potential activity in
Xinxing Lu et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0117400-e0117400 (2015-02-18)
To investigate the effect of ursolic acid on autophagy mediated through the miRNA-21-targeted phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway in rat mesangial cells cultured under high glucose (HG) conditions. Rat glomerular mesangial cells were
R C Beier et al.
Journal of applied microbiology, 118(2), 326-342 (2014-11-29)
To evaluate susceptibility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa veterinary isolates to antibiotics and disinfectants. Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates collected from dogs (n = 155) and other animals (n = 20) from sixteen states during 1994-2003 were tested for susceptibility. Most isolates were resistant
Kalaiselvi Senthil et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123360-e0123360 (2015-04-16)
Free radical scavenging activity (FRSA), total phenolic content (TPC), and total flavonoid content (TFC) of in vitro cultured and field grown Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) roots were investigated. Withanolides analysis and comprehensive metabolic profiling between 100% methanol extracts of in vitro
Yue Li et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(7), 4461-4469 (2014-06-28)
The redox function of APE1/Ref-1 is a key regulator in pathological angiogenesis, such as retinal neovascularization and tumor growth. In this study, we examined whether inhibition of APE1/Ref-1 redox function by a small molecule inhibitor E3330 suppresses experimental choroidal neovascularization
Qiong Zhou et al.
Annals of neurology, 77(4), 637-654 (2015-01-23)
Growing evidence indicates that the activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is implicated in the multiple major pathological features of Alzheimer disease (AD). However, whether specific inhibition of JNK activation could prevent disease progression in adult transgenic AD models at
Hoa Thi Le et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(10), 3183-3189 (2014-08-22)
To explore the possibility of cyclodextrin click clusters (CCCs) as a new cyclodextrin-based excipient, we prepared three different CCCs; heptakis{6-(4-hydroxymethyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl)-6-deoxy}-β-cyclodextrin (HT-β-CD), heptakis{6-(4-hydroxymethyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl)-6-deoxy}{2,3-di-O-methyl}-β-cyclodextrin (HT-β-CD(OMe)2 ), and heptakis{6-(4-sulfonylmethyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazol-1-yl)-6-deoxy}-β-cyclodextrin (ST-β-CD). The CCCs were prepared using copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition from 6-azido-6-deoxy-β-CD and their water
Keun-Yeong Jeong et al.
Journal of radiation research, 56(1), 37-45 (2014-09-17)
Existing therapies such as irradiation or sorafenib have limited success in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) due to tumor recurrence and metastasis. Therefore, combination with other therapeutics is often considered. Macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1α) is a member of
Noémie Braekeveldt et al.
International journal of cancer, 136(5), E252-E261 (2014-09-16)
Neuroblastoma is a childhood tumour with heterogeneous characteristics and children with metastatic disease often have a poor outcome. Here we describe the establishment of neuroblastoma patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) by orthotopic implantation of viably cryopreserved or fresh tumour explants of patients
Li-Jun Zhang et al.
Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology, 140(9), 1527-1536 (2014-05-28)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising noninvasive treatment, which has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of localized tumors. With the aim to select an appropriate photosensitizer for tumor treatment in PDT, the antitumor
M Hashimoto et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1267-e1267 (2014-05-31)
Macrophages (MΦ) are functionally classified into two types, anti-inflammatory M2 and pro-inflammatory M1. Importantly, we recently revealed that soluble HIV-1 proteins, particularly the pathogenetic protein Nef, preferentially activate M2-MΦ and drive them towards an M1-like MΦ, which might explain the
Ying-Hui Shan et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 479(2), 291-301 (2015-01-04)
Functional wound dressing has provided new challenges for researchers who focus on burn to improve skin graft quality, reduce scarring, and develop a pluristratified dermal or epidermal construct of a burn wound. This study aimed to investigate the effect of
Emer Fitzpatrick et al.
Cell transplantation, 24(1), 73-83 (2013-10-23)
Hepatocyte transplantation is becoming an accepted therapy for acute liver failure, either as a bridge to liver regeneration or to organ transplantation. Hepatocytes provide liver function in place of the failing organ. The maintenance of sufficient viability and function of
Xiaohui Liu et al.
Journal of hematology & oncology, 8, 15-15 (2015-04-18)
DNA methyltransferase 1 (Dnmt1) regulates expression of many critical genes through maintaining parental DNA methylation patterns on daughter DNA strands during mitosis. It is essential for embryonic development and diverse biological processes, including maintenance of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells
Zhi-Feng Miao et al.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, 36(4), 2657-2665 (2014-12-01)
Pleural dissemination is commonly associated with metastatic advanced lung cancer. The injury of pleural mesothelial cells (PMCs) by soluble factors, such as transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1), is a major driver of lung cancer pleural dissemination (LCPD). In this study, we
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