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Joshua O Sestak et al.
The AAPS journal, 16(6), 1185-1193 (2014-09-07)
Presentation of antigen with immune stimulating "signal" has been a cornerstone of vaccine design for decades. Here, the antigen plus immune "signal" of vaccines is modified to produce antigen-specific immunotherapies (antigen-SITs) that can potentially reprogram the immune response toward tolerance
A Mühlstein et al.
Die Pharmazie, 69(7), 518-524 (2014-07-31)
Arylsulfatase A (ASA) deficiency is the cause of metachromatic leucodystrophy (MLD), a lysosomal storage disease associated with severe neurological disorders. Poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) (PBCA) nanoparticles overcoated with polysorbate 80 enabled the delivery of several drugs across the blood-brain barrier to the
Jun Xiao et al.
Nature communications, 5, 4572-4572 (2014-08-06)
Vernalization, sensing of prolonged cold, is important for seasonal flowering in eudicots and monocots. While vernalization silences a repressor (FLC, MADS-box transcription factor) in eudicots, it induces an activator (TaVRN1, an AP1 clade MADS-box transcription factor) in monocots. The mechanism
Diana Bilton et al.
Thorax, 69(12), 1073-1079 (2014-09-24)
Bronchiectasis is characterised by excessive production of mucus and pulmonary exacerbations. Inhaled osmotic agents may enhance mucociliary clearance, but few long-term clinical trials have been conducted. To determine the impact of inhaled mannitol on exacerbation rates in patients with non-cystic
Maliha Shaikh et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 442, 24-32 (2015-01-17)
Measurement of intestinal permeability is important in several diseases but currently several methods are employed. We sought to: (1) develop a new GC based method to measure urinary mannitol, lactulose and sucralose to assess regional and total gut permeability; (2)
Oleksii A Skorokhod et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 75, 210-221 (2014-07-16)
Natural hemozoin, nHZ, is avidly phagocytosed in vivo and in vitro by human monocytes. The persistence of the undigested β-hematin core of nHZ in the phagocyte lysosome for long periods of time modifies several cellular immune functions. Here we show
Soraya Cherifi et al.
Annals of clinical microbiology and antimicrobials, 13, 20-20 (2014-06-06)
Staphylococcus epidermidis is a pathogen that is frequently encountered in the hospital environment. Healthcare workers (HCWs) can serve as a reservoir for the transmission of S. epidermidis to patients. The aim of this study was to compare and identify differences
Stephanie Trend et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0117038-e0117038 (2015-02-03)
We investigated the levels and antimicrobial activity of antimicrobial proteins and peptides (AMPs) in breast milk consumed by preterm infants, and whether deficiencies of these factors were associated with late-onset neonatal sepsis (LOS), a bacterial infection that frequently occurs in
Angel Resendez et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 439, 115-121 (2014-10-11)
Although organoboronic acids are efficient high-throughput sugar sensors, they have not been pursued for gut permeability studies. A modification of the lactulose/mannitol assay is described by which small intestinal permeability is assessed at the time of urine collection using a
Judyta Cielecka-Piontek et al.
Pharmaceutical development and technology, 20(2), 146-152 (2013-11-14)
The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of degradation of clavulanate potassium in the solid state were studied by using a reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method. The degradation of clavulanate potassium was a first-order reaction depending on the substrate
Mir-Jamal Hosseini et al.
Cell biochemistry and biophysics, 70(1), 367-381 (2014-04-03)
Oxidative damage has been implicated in disorders associated with abnormal copper metabolism and also Cu(2+) overloading states. Besides, mitochondria are one of the most important targets for Cu(2+), an essential redox transition metal, induced hepatotoxicity. In this study, we aimed
Evangelia Daviskas et al.
Expert review of respiratory medicine, 7(1), 65-75 (2013-02-01)
Insufficient hydration at the airway surface can make mucus adherent and poorly cleared. Cough, the major mechanism of mucus clearance in disease, is ineffective when mucus is adhesive. Inhaled mannitol creates an osmotic drive for water to move into the
Anna Ermund et al.
Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology, 42(1), 69-75 (2014-10-15)
Hypertonic saline inhalation has become a cornerstone in the treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF), but its effect on CF mucus is still not understood. In CF, mucus stagnates in the airways, causing mucus plugging, and forming a substrate for bacterial
Ayşegül Karataş et al.
Acta poloniae pharmaceutica, 70(5), 883-897 (2013-10-24)
The aim of the study was to investigate the physical stability of the semi-solid dispersions into the hard gelatine capsules prepared with Gelucire 44/14, Labrasol and different additives such as microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), mannitol and lactose (alpha-monohydrate) used for enhancing
Ben Libberton et al.
Infection and immunity, 82(9), 3811-3815 (2014-07-02)
Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus is a risk factor for infection, yet the bacterial determinants required for carriage are poorly defined. Interactions between S. aureus and other members of the bacterial flora may determine colonization and have been inferred in
Regina Scherließ et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 479(2), 408-415 (2015-01-18)
In this study three different dry powder vaccine formulations containing the model antigen ovalbumin were evaluated for their immune effects after nasal administration to C57Bl/6 mice in an adoptive cell transfer model. The formulations were chitosan nanoparticles in a mannitol
F Lussana et al.
Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH, 13(1), 136-141 (2014-11-13)
Although experimental studies have demonstrated that platelets are proinflammatory cells, no randomized studies have tested the anti-inflammatory effect of antiplatelet agents in humans. The platelet P2Y12 receptors mediated bronchial inflammation in a mouse model of asthma, suggesting that P2Y12 represents
Guillaume Larivière-Gauthier et al.
Journal of food protection, 77(12), 2121-2128 (2014-12-05)
Following the 2008 Canadian listeriosis outbreak associated with ready-to-eat (RTE) meat products, regulations on the presence of Listeria monocytogenes in RTE food production facilities were modified by Health Canada, confirming the need to control this pathogen, not only in the
Björn-Hendrik Peters et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 87(2), 347-356 (2014-03-13)
Downscaled freeze-drying was demonstrated to be a valuable alternative for formulation development and optimization. Although the pore structure is known to exert a major influence on the freeze-drying cycle, little is known about the ones of microscale preparations. This study
Hannah Kenward et al.
Experimental brain research, 232(8), 2685-2697 (2014-05-06)
Cisplatin is a highly emetogenic cancer chemotherapy agent, which is often used to induce nausea and emesis in animal models. The cytotoxic properties of cisplatin also cause adverse events that negatively impact on animal welfare preventing repeated administration of cisplatin.
Junji Moriya et al.
Cardiovascular diabetology, 14, 19-19 (2015-04-08)
Diabetes is a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases with impaired angiogenesis. We have previously shown that platelet-derived growth factor C (PDGF-C) and its receptor, PDGF receptor α (PDGFR-α) were downregulated in ischemic limbs of diabetic mice, although
Noriaki Nagai et al.
Experimental eye research, 132, 115-123 (2015-01-31)
The goal in the search for successful therapies for glaucoma is the reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP), and the search for effective eye drops that reduce IOP is a high priority. We previously reported the potential of a 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD)
Satu Kalliola et al.
Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology, 113(2), 166-172 (2014-06-03)
Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) is a hallmark of asthma but its assessment is usually restricted to older children who are capable of performing the maneuvers involved in spirometry. In younger children, a feasible option to perform the lung function measurement is
Jill R Blankenship et al.
Eukaryotic cell, 13(11), 1403-1410 (2014-09-14)
Septin proteins are conserved structural proteins that often demarcate regions of cell division. The essential nature of the septin ring, composed of several septin proteins, complicates investigation of the functions of the ring, although careful analysis in the model yeast
J-H La et al.
Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society, 26(12), 1730-1742 (2014-10-14)
A low-level inflammation has been hypothesized to mediate visceral hypersensitivity in functional bowel disorders that persist after or even in the absence of gut inflammation. We aimed to test the efficacy of a steroidal anti-inflammatory treatment, and identify local inflammatory
Marie-Claire Arrieta et al.
Inflammatory bowel diseases, 21(1), 8-18 (2014-12-18)
Increased intestinal permeability is found in noninflamed portions of the gut of inflammatory bowel disease patients and in their first-degree relatives, suggesting that it is not a consequence of inflammation. Additionally, increased small intestinal permeability precedes colonic disease in animal
F Kazazi-Hyseni et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 482(1-2), 99-109 (2014-12-17)
Poly(D,L-lactic-co-hydroxymethyl glycolic acid) (PLHMGA) is a biodegradable copolymer with potential as a novel carrier in polymeric drug delivery systems. In this study, the biocompatibility of PLHMGA microspheres (PLHMGA-ms) was investigated both in vitro in three different cell types (PK-84, HK-2
Ronald F Parsons et al.
Current opinion in organ transplantation, 19(2), 100-107 (2014-02-21)
To update the reader on the recent literature in liver, kidney, pancreas, and intestine static cold preservation, and to identify which solutions are most advantageous for each organ. The comparison of randomized trials of histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK), Celsior, and University of
Xiaobei Li et al.
Food chemistry, 166, 358-364 (2014-07-24)
The aim of this research was to study effects of drying methods on the tasty compounds of Pleurotus eryngii, a common commercial edible fungus. In order to maximally maintain the taste of P. eryngii, several different drying methods, including hot
Katherine P Morgan et al.
The Annals of pharmacotherapy, 46(2), 276-281 (2012-02-03)
To review the efficacy and safety of concomitant mannitol administration with cisplatin therapy to reduce the incidence of nephrotoxicity. A literature search was performed via MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library (1945-August 2011) using the terms mannitol, cisplatin, nephrotoxicity, and
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