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Lei Zhang et al.
Acta biochimica et biophysica Sinica, 47(3), 174-182 (2015-01-30)
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major health problem worldwide. The most severe form of CAD is acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Recent studies have demonstrated the beneficial role of atorvastatin in ACS; however, the mechanisms underlying this effect have not
Ming-Chang Yang et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(3), 1304-1316 (2015-01-15)
Bcl2L12 as a new member of the Bcl2 family, which contains a BH2 domain and shares a lower amino acid similarity with other Bcl2 family proteins. Bcl2L12 is reported to be involved in apoptosis regulation, but this role remains controversial
Saeid Yazdi-Ravandi et al.
Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 126, 1-6 (2014-09-03)
Previous studies have shown that there are functional interactions among the lateral hypothalamus (LH), ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the nucleus accumbens (NAc), implicating pain modulation in the central nervous system. It has been shown that the LH-VTA orexinergic projecting
Yuichiro Amano et al.
Life sciences, 108(1), 7-12 (2014-05-09)
We previously reported anti-dyslipidemic effects of a farnesoid X receptor antagonist in monkeys. In this study, we compared the cholesterol-lowering effects of single and combined administration of a farnesoid X receptor antagonist, compound-T8, and the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor atorvastatin
Ignacio M Larrayoz et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(11), 7553-7561 (2014-11-02)
To understand the differential responses to doxycycline between Caucasian and Hispanic patients observed in a previous clinical trial. Primary cultures were established using pterygia excised from male Caucasian (n = 3) and Hispanic (n = 6) patients. The response of
Li Xing et al.
ChemMedChem, 10(4), 715-726 (2015-03-11)
Anisole and fluoroanisoles display distinct conformational preferences, as evident from a survey of their crystal structures. In addition to altering the free ligand conformation, various degrees of fluorination have a strong impact on physicochemical and pharmacokinetic properties. Analysis of anisole
Tengyuan Liu et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 11, 107-107 (2014-06-15)
Neuroinflammation mediated by activation of microglia and interruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is an important factor that contributes to neuron death and infarct area diffusion in ischemia reperfusion injury. Finding novel molecules to regulate neuroinflammation is of significant clinical
Michalina Oplatowska-Stachowiak et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(43), 9441-9451 (2015-10-10)
There are more than 300 potential mycotoxins that can contaminate food and feed and cause adverse effects in humans and animals. The data on the co-occurrence of mycotoxins in novel animal feed materials, such as distiller's dried grain with solubles
Qian Feng et al.
Journal of digestive diseases, 15(2), 85-95 (2013-11-14)
To determine the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal vascular malformation (GIVM) and the mechanism of thalidomide in treating GIVM by evaluating the expression of angiopoietin 2 (Ang2), Notch1, delta-like ligand 4 (Dll4) and hypoxia inducible factor 1α (Hif-1α). Data of 10 patients
Shafiul Haque et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e102696-e102696 (2014-07-18)
Betulin (lup-20(29)-ene-3β, 28-diol) is a naturally occurring triterpene, which is found in substantial amounts from the outer bark of birch trees. A library of 51 structurally diverse semisynthetic betulin derivatives was screened against five bacterial strains, Enterobacter aerogenes, Escherichia coli
Kazimierz Studzian et al.
Investigational new drugs, 33(5), 1032-1039 (2015-08-14)
In this study, we compared the cellular uptake, intracellular localization and cytotoxicity of two groups of anthracycline derivatives in cultured H9c2(2-1) rat cardiomyoblasts. The first group consisted of doxorubicin (DOX) and two of its derivatives containing a formamidino group (-N = CH-N<)
Cheska Gillespie et al.
Combinatorial chemistry & high throughput screening, 16(8), 636-643 (2013-05-30)
Storage of pharmaceutical discovery compounds dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) is commonplace within industry. Often, the DMSO stock solution is added to an aqueous system (e.g. in bioassay or kinetic solubility testing)- since most test compounds are hydrophobic, precipitation could occur.
Pang-ning Teng et al.
Gynecologic oncology, 136(3), 554-561 (2015-01-07)
Significant reductions in gynecologic (GYN) cancer mortality and morbidity require treatments that prevent and reverse resistance to chemotherapy and radiation. The objective of this study was to determine if pharmacologic inhibition of key DNA damage response kinases in GYN cancers
Qing Wang et al.
Molecular vision, 17, 647-657 (2011-03-16)
To clarify the role of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP-2,-4,-5) in sclera remodeling during myopia induction and their effect on sclera fibroblasts in cell culture. Reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) as well as immunofluorescence were used to detect the
Judith Müller et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5712-5712 (2014-12-17)
Increased expression of the Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) contributes to melanoma progression and resistance to BRAF pathway inhibition. Here we show that the lack of MITF is associated with more severe resistance to a range of inhibitors, while its presence
Chunhuan Shi et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 495(2), 932-939 (2015-10-13)
The combination of two or more drug is a promising strategy to suppress the multidrug resistance (MDR) through different action mechanisms. Co-delivery drugs via polymeric micelle can minimize the amount of each drug and reduce toxic side effects. Here we
D H Fleita et al.
Drug research, 64(1), 23-30 (2013-08-21)
A series of triazaspiro[4.5]dec-8-ene benzylidine derivatives containing thiazolidinone ring system (6-18) have been designed, synthesized and their biological activities evaluated as potential epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors. Among them, 9-amino-2-(4-nitrobenzylidene)-3-oxo-4-phenyl-7-thioxo-1-thia-4,6,8-triazaspiro[4.5]dec-8-ene-10-carbonitrile (18) displayed the most potent inhibitory activity (IC50=6.355 µM). Antiproliferative assay
Laure-Anais Vincent et al.
Fundamental & clinical pharmacology, 29(2), 164-177 (2015-01-21)
On account of its strong ability to become chemoresistant after a primary response to drugs, malignant melanoma (MM) remains a therapeutic challenge. This study focuses on acquired resistance to vinca alkaloids (VAs) using VA-resistant MM cell lines (CAL1R-VCR, CAL1R-VDS, and
Alban Bujard et al.
European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, 63, 36-44 (2014-07-11)
The parallel artificial membrane permeability assay (PAMPA) is a high-throughput screening (HTS) method that is widely used to predict in vivo passive permeability through biological barriers, such as the skin, the blood brain barrier (BBB) and the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).
Lyndsay V Rhodes et al.
Breast cancer research and treatment, 145(3), 593-604 (2014-05-09)
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a highly aggressive breast cancer subtype that lacks effective targeted therapies. The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key contributor in the metastatic process. We previously showed the pan-deacetylase inhibitor LBH589 induces CDH1 expression in TNBC
Michelle A Ouimet et al.
Macromolecular bioscience, 15(3), 342-350 (2014-10-22)
Polymers such as poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP) have been used to prepare hydrogels for wound dressing applications but are not inherently bioactive. For enhanced healing, PVP was blended with salicylic acid-based poly(anhydride-esters) (SAPAE) and shown to exhibit hydrogel properties upon swelling. In
D H Currie et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 80(16), 5001-5011 (2014-06-08)
Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum, a Gram-positive thermophilic anaerobic bacterium, grows robustly on insoluble hemicellulose, which requires a specialized suite of secreted and transmembrane proteins. We report here the characterization of proteins secreted by this organism. Cultures were grown on hemicellulose, glucose, xylose
Francesco Maione et al.
Fitoterapia, 100, 174-178 (2014-12-17)
Tanshinone IIA and cryptotanshinone are two pharmacologically active diterpenoids extracted from the roots of Salvia milthiorriza Bunge, a plant used in Chinese traditional medicine for the treatment of some cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. Until now, the molecular mechanisms of action
Ajda Çoker-Gürkan et al.
Amino acids, 47(1), 87-100 (2014-10-15)
Polyamines (PAs), such as putrescine, spermidine and spermine, are alkyl-amines that are essential for cell growth, proliferation, differentiation and cancer progression in eukaryotic cells. A designed PA analogue; DENSpm, induces cell cycle arrest, inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in melanoma
Piotr Luliński et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1420, 16-25 (2015-10-16)
In this paper, the optimized synthesis and detailed characterization of novel imprinted material for selective extraction of 2-aminothiazoline-4-carboxylic acid (ATCA) were described. The prepolymeric system contained 1-allyl-2-thiourea and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate in methanol, tetrahydrofuran and dimethyl sulfoxide porogenic mixture and
Kaiji Zhang et al.
Blood cells, molecules & diseases, 56(1), 46-52 (2015-11-26)
Tanshinone IIA (TanIIA) is a traditional Chinese agent and has been widely used for treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Our previous study has shown that TanIIA can induce the differentiation of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells by increasing C/EBPβ expression and
Noriko Takahashi et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 22(17), 4677-4683 (2014-08-16)
Melanin protects the skin against ultraviolet (UV) rays. It is produced in excess by UV radiation, which causes skin disorders and pigmentation. Retinoic acid (RA) decreases the levels of epidermal melanin by suppressing the expression of melanogenic enzymes including tyrosinase
Baoguang Li et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(24), 8243-8253 (2015-09-20)
Our previous work indicated a predominance (56.8%) of Salmonella enterica serovar Newport among isolates recovered from irrigation ponds used in produce farms over a 2-year period (B. Li et al., Appl Environ Microbiol 80:6355-6365, This observation provided a valuable
Kaitlin C Murphy et al.
Experimental cell research, 328(1), 164-171 (2014-07-06)
The cytoskeleton of human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells is known to be altered in glaucoma and has been hypothesized to reduce outflow facility through contracting the HTM tissue. Latrunculin B (Lat-B) and Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitors disrupt the actin
Adelene S M Wong et al.
Soft matter, 11(15), 2993-3002 (2015-03-04)
This study reports a novel nanoparticle system with simple and modular one-step assembly, which can respond intelligently to biologically relevant variations in pH. Importantly, these particles also show the ability to induce escape from the endosomal/lysosomal compartments of the cell
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