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Zhi-qiang Pan et al.
Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 394(1-2), 119-128 (2014-07-20)
Pioglitazone belongs to the class of drugs called thiazolidinediones (TZDs), which are widely used as insulin sensitizers in the treatment of diabetes. A major side effect of TZDs is fluid retention. The steroid hormone aldosterone also promotes sodium and fluid
Mai M Helmy et al.
PloS one, 10(11), e0142303-e0142303 (2015-11-05)
Nephrotoxicity is a major side effect for the antineoplastic drug cisplatin. Here, we employed pharmacological, biochemical, and molecular studies to investigate the role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) in cisplatin nephrotoxicity. Rats were treated with a single i.p. dose of
Tian-Huei Chu et al.
Oncotarget, 5(6), 1475-1490 (2014-04-12)
Celecoxib, a COX-2 inhibitor and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, can prevent several types of cancer, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here we show that celecoxib suppressed the self-renewal and drug-pumping functions in HCC cells. Besides, celecoxib depleted CD44+/CD133+ hepatic cancer stem cells
Xuxia Sui et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e110828-e110828 (2014-10-22)
EP3, one of four prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) receptors, is significantly lower in atherosclerotic plaques than in normal arteries and is localized predominantly in macrophages of the plaque shoulder region. However, mechanisms behind this EP3 expression pattern are still unknown. We
Pedram Paragomi et al.
Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology, 41(2), 118-126 (2014-01-30)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a prevalent disease characterized by abdominal pain and abnormal bowel habits. Pioglitazone is a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ agonist and, although it is mostly used as an antidiabetic agent, it has been reported to
Jiun-Han Chen et al.
BioMed research international, 2014, 695797-695797 (2014-09-25)
The purpose of this study was to investigate if PPARγ plays a role in the melanogenesis. B16/F10 cells were divided into five groups: control, melanin stimulating hormone (α-MSH), α-MSH+retinol, α-MSH+GW9662 (PPARγ antagonist), and GW9662. Cells in the control group were
Kohichi Kawahara et al.
Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD, 42(2), 587-605 (2014-06-12)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative process involving amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide deposition, neuroinflammation, and progressive memory loss. Here, we evaluated whether oral administration of retinoic acid receptor (RAR)α,β agonist Am80 (tamibarotene) or specific retinoid X receptor (RXR) pan agonist HX630
Tso-Hsiao Chen et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0127054-e0127054 (2015-05-15)
The platelet-derived soluble CD40L (sCD40L) release plays a critical role in the development of atherosclerosis. Nifedipine, a dihydropyridine-based L-type calcium channel blocker (CCB), has been reported to have an anti-atherosclerotic effect beyond its blood pressure-lowering effect, but the molecular mechanisms
Ming-Ta Sung et al.
Oncology reports, 34(1), 439-446 (2015-05-09)
Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) plays important roles in development, stemness and tumorigenesis; however limited information is available on the detailed function of KLF4 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The objective of the present study was to examine the functional roles of
Ivana Kostic et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 16406-16406 (2015-11-11)
Several clinical trials are exploring therapeutic effect of human CD34(+) cells in ischemic diseases, including myocardial infarction. Unfortunately, most of the cells die few days after delivery. Herein we show that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-treated human umbilical cord blood-derived CD34(+) cells
Jared Ching et al.
Oncotarget, 6(25), 21301-21314 (2015-06-06)
Glioma cells release glutamate through expression of system xc-, which exchanges intracellular glutamate for extracellular cysteine. Lack of the excitatory amino acid transporter 2 (EAAT2) expression maintains high extracellular glutamate levels in the glioma microenvironment, causing excitotoxicity to surrounding parenchyma.
Wen Huang et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 407(1-2), 173-179 (2015-06-07)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARƔ) contributes to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-induced dysfunction of brain endothelial cells. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protection mechanism of PPARƔ against Tat-induced responses of adhesion molecules. We measured the protein
Prathab Balaji Saravanan et al.
Life sciences, 130, 88-96 (2015-03-31)
The aim of this study was to find the protective role of Telmisartan (TS) in LPS intoxicated neuronal cells and elucidate the possible neuroprotective mechanism of action. TLR4 and AT1R specific primers were designed and used in rtPCR to confirm
Y Xu et al.
Oncogene, 34(32), 4229-4237 (2014-11-05)
Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is a mitochondrially localized primary antioxidant enzyme, known to be essential for the survival of aerobic life and to have important roles in tumorigenesis. Here, we show that MnSOD deficiency in skin tissues of MnSOD-heterozygous knockout
Zuowen He et al.
Cardiovascular research, 105(3), 304-317 (2015-01-27)
Cardiac remodelling is one of the key pathological changes that occur with cardiovascular disease. Previous studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of CYP2J2 expression on cardiac injury. In the present study, we investigated the effects of cardiomyocyte-specific CYP2J2 expression and
Ashley S Wilkinson et al.
Food & function, 6(6), 1847-1854 (2015-05-06)
Mango fruit contain many bioactive compounds, some of which are transcription factor regulators. Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and beta (ERβ) are two regulators of gene transcription that are important in a variety of physiological processes and also in diseases including
Masahiro Myojo et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e96948-e96948 (2014-05-16)
Because endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) has anti-inflammatory and anti-arteriosclerotic functions, it has been recognized as one of the key molecules essential for the homeostatic control of blood vessels other than relaxation of vascular tone. Here, we examined whether telmisartan
Chih-Kai Hsu et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 172(22), 5360-5376 (2015-09-12)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), an important inflammatory mediator, has been shown to regulate COX-2 production and promote various cellular responses such as cell migration. Mevastatin, an inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMG-CoA), effectively inhibits inflammatory responses. However, the mechanisms underlying S1P-evoked COX-2-dependent
Ping He et al.
The American journal of pathology, 185(7), 1981-1990 (2015-06-22)
Chorionic NAD-dependent 15-hydroxy prostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH) plays a pivotal role in controlling the amount of prostaglandins in the uterus. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are implicated to be involved in parturition. In this study, we investigated whether PPARs are involved in
Chen Jiang et al.
Stem cell research & therapy, 6, 21-21 (2015-04-19)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs, also known as bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells) are known to be a component of the tumor microenvironment. BMSCs are multipotent stromal cells that can differentiate into a variety of cell types, including osteocytes
Hui Zhang et al.
Anti-cancer drugs, 26(7), 706-715 (2015-06-09)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major obstacle in the successful treatment of ovarian cancer. One of the most common causes of MDR is overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by the MDR1 gene. The MDR1 gene is a direct target of
Suzanna J Logan et al.
Basic research in cardiology, 110(2), 19-19 (2015-03-03)
Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is a leading cause of death worldwide, and regenerative therapies through exogenous stem cell delivery hold promising potential. One limitation of such therapies is the vulnerability of stem cells to the oxidative environment associated with IHD.
Chong-Chao Hsieh et al.
Food & function, 5(10), 2494-2500 (2014-08-15)
Chemokines play important roles in the pathogenesis of asthmatic inflammation. Sesamin, a class of phytoestrogen isolated from sesame seed Sesamum indicum, is recently regarded as an anti-inflammatory agent. However, the effects of sesamin on asthma-related chemokines are unknown. To this
Meng Xu et al.
Cell, 178(6), 1478-1492 (2019-09-03)
Liver fibrosis is a very common condition seen in millions of patients with various liver diseases, and yet no effective treatments are available owing to poorly characterized molecular pathogenesis. Here, we show that leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2) is a
David Contador et al.
Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.), 240(9), 1235-1246 (2015-01-18)
The final product of adipogenesis is a functional adipocyte. This mature cell acquires the necessary machinery for lipid metabolism, loses its proliferation potential, increases its insulin sensitivity, and secretes adipokines. Multipotent mesechymal stromal cells have been recognized as a source
Zun-Jing Liu et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 92(11), 1549-1559 (2014-07-01)
The turmeric derivative curcumin protects against cerebral ischemic injury. We previously demonstrated that curcumin activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ), a ligand-activated transcription factor involved in both neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory signaling pathways. This study tested whether the neuroprotective effects of curcumin
Monica de Gaetano et al.
Journal of inflammation (London, England), 12, 15-15 (2015-02-28)
Atherosclerosis, the underlying cause of heart attack and strokes, is a progresive dyslipidemic and inflammatory disease where monocyte-derived macrophage cells play a pivotal role. Although most of the mechanisms that contribute to the progression of atherosclerosis have been identified, there
W-X Liu et al.
Acta physiologica (Oxford, England), 215(1), 24-36 (2015-06-03)
Voluntary exercise has been shown to protect against the development of ulcerative colitis, but the mechanism is not fully understood. We hypothesized that prior voluntary exercise would attenuate colonic inflammation and ameliorate clinical symptoms in dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced ulcerative
Dengfeng Gao et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123724-e0123724 (2015-04-16)
Krüppel-like factor (KLF) 5, which initiates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation, also participates in Angiotensin (Ang) II-induced vascular remodeling. The protective effect of rosiglitazone on vascular remodeling may be due to their impact on VSMC proliferation. However, the underlying
Jocelijn Meijerink et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 172(1), 24-37 (2014-05-02)
N-docosahexaenoylethanolamine (DHEA) is the ethanolamine conjugate of the long-chain polyunsaturated n-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic (DHA; 22: 6n-3). Its concentration in animal tissues and human plasma increases when diets rich in fish or krill oil are consumed. DHEA displays anti-inflammatory properties
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