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Zhenhuan Guo et al.
Science signaling, 7(354), rs7-rs7 (2014-12-04)
E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion and signaling plays an essential role in development and maintenance of healthy epithelial tissues. Adhesiveness mediated by E-cadherin is conferred by its extracellular cadherin domains and is regulated by an assembly of intracellular adaptors and enzymes associated
Meritxell Balmaña et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 442, 56-62 (2015-01-18)
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) usually shows an enhanced expression of sialyl-Lewis X (sLe(x)) and related epitopes. PDAC may secrete some of the proteins carrying such increased sLe(x) determinant into serum, so they could be used as PDAC markers. Previously, we identified
Elena E Shashova et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e109933-e109933 (2014-10-21)
Breast cancer is one of four oncology diseases that are most widespread in the world. Moreover, breast cancer is one of leading causes of cancer-related deaths in female population within economically developed regions of the world. So far, detection of
Cátia Carreira et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(6), 2149-2155 (2015-01-18)
Viral abundances in benthic environments are the highest found in aquatic systems. Photosynthetic microbial mats represent benthic environments with high microbial activity and possibly high viral densities, yet viral abundances have not been examined in such systems. Existing extraction procedures
Tomotaka Tanabe et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e105749-e105749 (2014-08-26)
A pvsB-vctA-irgA triple deletion mutant of Vibrio parahaemolyticus can utilize enterobactin under iron-limiting conditions by inducing a previously undescribed receptor, PeuA (VPA0150), in response to extracellular alkaline pH and enterobactin. In silico analyses revealed the existence of a two-component regulatory
Masaru Sato et al.
Molecular brain, 8, 22-22 (2015-04-19)
Pavlovian fear conditioning is a form of learning accomplished by associating a conditioned stimulus (CS) and an unconditioned stimulus (US). While CS-US associations are generally thought to occur in the amygdala, the pathway mediating US signal processing has only been
Marius Spohn et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(10), 6185-6196 (2014-08-13)
The emergence of antibiotic-resistant pathogenic bacteria within the last decades is one reason for the urgent need for new antibacterial agents. A strategy to discover new anti-infective compounds is the evaluation of the genetic capacity of secondary metabolite producers and
Irina V Mikheyeva et al.
PLoS genetics, 10(10), e1004740-e1004740 (2014-10-31)
Histone modifiers are critical regulators of chromatin-based processes in eukaryotes. The histone methyltransferase Set1, a component of the Set1C/COMPASS complex, catalyzes the methylation at lysine 4 of histone H3 (H3K4me), a hallmark of euchromatin. Here, we show that the fission
James E Thornton et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(18), 11777-11791 (2014-09-17)
Recent small RNA sequencing data has uncovered 3' end modification of mature microRNAs (miRNAs). This non-templated nucleotide addition can impact miRNA gene regulatory networks through the control of miRNA stability or by interfering with the repression of target mRNAs. The
Zeljka Car et al.
Chemical biology & drug design, 84(4), 393-401 (2014-03-29)
Structural alterations of the aglycon portions of α-mannosides influence their inhibitory potency toward type 1-fimbriated Escherichia coli. The aim of our work was to prepare and explore inhibitory properties of novel mannosylated N-aryl-substituted 3-hydroxypyridine-4-ones because they possess needed structural characteristics
Julia Krasensky et al.
Antioxidants & redox signaling, 21(9), 1289-1304 (2014-05-08)
High salinity stress impairs plant growth and development. Trehalose metabolism has been implicated in sugar signaling, and enhanced trehalose metabolism can positively regulate abiotic stress tolerance. However, the molecular mechanism(s) of the stress-related trehalose pathway and the role of individual
M Javier Herrero-Turrión et al.
BMC genomics, 15, 874-874 (2014-10-09)
A great number of studies have investigated changes induced by morphine exposure in gene expression using several experimental models. In this study, we examined gene expression changes during chronic exposure to morphine during maturation and differentiation of zebrafish CNS. Microarray
Ewa Augustin et al.
Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 36(3), 385-399 (2015-02-03)
FMS-like receptor tyrosine kinase (FLT3) is expressed in some normal hematopoietic cell types and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this study, we examined the effects of triazoloacridinone C-1305, an antitumor compound, on
Constantine Chrysostomou et al.
ACS chemical biology, 10(3), 875-882 (2014-12-18)
Microbial arsenate resistance is known to be conferred by specialized oxidoreductase enzymes termed arsenate reductases. We carried out a genetic selection on media supplemented with sodium arsenate for multicopy genes that can confer growth to E. coli mutant cells lacking
Joana Maciel et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 20(1-2), 250-263 (2013-08-14)
Macrophages are phagocytic cells with great importance in guiding multiple stages of inflammation and tissue repair. By producing a large number of biologically active molecules, they can affect the behavior of other cells and events, such as the foreign body
Qing-Bo Tang et al.
PloS one, 9(4), e95401-e95401 (2014-04-18)
Food selection behavior of lepidopteran larvae is predominantly governed by the activation of taste neurons present in two sensilla styloconica located on the galea of the maxilla. In this study, we present the ultrastructure of the sensilla styloconica and the
Kyung Hwa Won et al.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 107(2), 565-573 (2014-12-19)
An ivory white, rod-shaped, non-motile, non-spore forming, Gram-staining-negative, and aerobic bacterium designated THG-G118T, was isolated from a soil sample collected in a bamboo plantation in Seoul, Republic of Korea. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed a clear affiliation of
Daniel Yagoub et al.
Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.), 28(11), 1899-1915 (2014-09-13)
Sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1) is a signaling enzyme that catalyzes the formation of sphingosine-1-phosphate. Overexpression of SK1 is causally associated with breast cancer progression and resistance to therapy. SK1 inhibitors are currently being investigated as promising breast cancer therapies. Two
Dilshan Balasuriya et al.
FEBS letters, 588(17), 2874-2880 (2014-07-06)
Depletion of Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen triggers the opening of Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channels at the plasma membrane. CRAC channels are activated by stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), an ER resident protein that senses Ca(2+) store
Xue Fu et al.
Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 139(2), 432-451 (2014-03-13)
Regulation of cellular copper (Cu) homeostasis involves Cu-transporting ATPases (Cu-ATPases), i.e., ATP7A and ATP7B. The question as to how these Cu-ATPases in brain barrier systems transport Cu, i.e., toward brain parenchyma, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), or blood, remained unanswered. This study
J M Hamlyn et al.
The American journal of physiology, 251(4 Pt 2), F563-F575 (1986-10-01)
Data from humans and experimental animals indicate that hypertensive diseases triggered by extracellular fluid volume expansion are characterized, in their chronic phases, by relatively normal blood volume (BV) and heightened pressure-volume relationship may be viewed as corresponding to a condition
Toshihiro Sato et al.
Journal of pharmacy & pharmaceutical sciences : a publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Societe canadienne des sciences pharmaceutiques, 17(4), 475-484 (2015-01-13)
Organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1B1 and OATP1B3 contribute to hepatic uptake of numerous drugs. Thus, reduced OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 activity in chronic kidney disease (CKD) may have a major impact on the hepatic clearance of drugs. The effect of drug-uremic
Justine Allard et al.
Hippocampus, 25(2), 197-207 (2014-09-13)
The neuroprotective effect of hypothermia has been demonstrated in in vivo and in vitro models of cerebral ischemia. In regard to the hippocampus, previous studies have mainly focused on CA1 pyramidal neurons, which are very vulnerable to ischemia. But the
Sara Bersani et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 88(3), 670-682 (2014-08-27)
Novel, acid-sensitive liposomes that respond to physiopathological pH for tumour targeting applications were obtained by surface decoration with 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)] (mPEG-DSPE) and stearoyl-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(methacryloyl sulfadimethoxine) copolymer (stearoyl-PEG-polySDM). The pH-sensitive stearoyl-PEG-polySDM copolymer contained an average of seven methacryloyl sulfadimethoxines per molecule
Kathleen M Kelly et al.
Journal of the American Heart Association, 3(2), e000874-e000874 (2014-04-04)
Diastolic dysfunction is a highly prevalent cardiac abnormality in asymptomatic as well as ART-treated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients. Although the mechanisms underlying depressed cardiac function remain obscure, diastolic dysfunction in SIV-infected rhesus macaques is highly correlated with myocardial viral
Brooke H Van Kummer et al.
BioMed research international, 2015, 834543-834543 (2015-02-25)
Moderate aerobic exercise has been shown to enhance motor skills and protect the nervous system from neurodegenerative diseases, like ataxia. Our lab uses the spastic Han Wistar rat as a model of ataxia. Mutant rats develop forelimb tremor and hind
Bhuvaneswari Koneru et al.
American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 306(1), R61-R66 (2013-11-22)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether neurons within the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) that express the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) play a role in aldosterone stimulation of salt intake. Adult Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats received microinjections into the NTS
Eugenio D Hottz et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(4), 1864-1872 (2014-07-13)
Dengue is the most prevalent human arbovirus disease in the world. Dengue infection has a large spectrum of clinical manifestations, from self-limited febrile illness to severe syndromes accompanied by bleeding and shock. Thrombocytopenia and vascular leak with altered cytokine profiles
Naozumi Ohnishi et al.
Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin, 62(6), 538-544 (2014-06-03)
A novel in vitro release test methodology for a liposome formulation was developed using a column-switching high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) system. Doxorubicin (DXR) liposome formulations were used as a model. A DXR liposome formulation was dispersed into a release medium
Bo Yu et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(12), 8638-8650 (2014-12-11)
Inhibiting mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) by pharmacological or genetic approaches can extend lifespan in mammals. The kinase activity of mTOR is controlled by upstream regulatory proteins and its subcellular localization. The purpose of this study was to characterize age-related
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