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Ming-Chang Yang et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(3), 1304-1316 (2015-01-15)
Bcl2L12 as a new member of the Bcl2 family, which contains a BH2 domain and shares a lower amino acid similarity with other Bcl2 family proteins. Bcl2L12 is reported to be involved in apoptosis regulation, but this role remains controversial
Yuichiro Amano et al.
Life sciences, 108(1), 7-12 (2014-05-09)
We previously reported anti-dyslipidemic effects of a farnesoid X receptor antagonist in monkeys. In this study, we compared the cholesterol-lowering effects of single and combined administration of a farnesoid X receptor antagonist, compound-T8, and the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor atorvastatin
Saeid Yazdi-Ravandi et al.
Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 126, 1-6 (2014-09-03)
Previous studies have shown that there are functional interactions among the lateral hypothalamus (LH), ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the nucleus accumbens (NAc), implicating pain modulation in the central nervous system. It has been shown that the LH-VTA orexinergic projecting
Ignacio M Larrayoz et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(11), 7553-7561 (2014-11-02)
To understand the differential responses to doxycycline between Caucasian and Hispanic patients observed in a previous clinical trial. Primary cultures were established using pterygia excised from male Caucasian (n = 3) and Hispanic (n = 6) patients. The response of
Wei Wang et al.
Journal of biomolecular screening, 20(6), 821-827 (2015-04-18)
Jumonji C domain-containing histone demethylases (JHDMs) are epigenetic proteins capable of demethylating methylated lysine residues on histones proteins and for which high-quality chemical probes and eventual therapeutic leads are highly desirable. To expand the extent of known scaffolds targeting JHDMs
Wen-Chiao Chan et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 39(2), 622-627 (2015-02-16)
Complex transcriptional profile of glutathione S-transferase Delta cluster genes occurred in the developmental process of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. The purpose of this project was to quantify the expression levels of Gst Delta class genes altered by aniline exposure
Li Xing et al.
ChemMedChem, 10(4), 715-726 (2015-03-11)
Anisole and fluoroanisoles display distinct conformational preferences, as evident from a survey of their crystal structures. In addition to altering the free ligand conformation, various degrees of fluorination have a strong impact on physicochemical and pharmacokinetic properties. Analysis of anisole
Tengyuan Liu et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 11, 107-107 (2014-06-15)
Neuroinflammation mediated by activation of microglia and interruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is an important factor that contributes to neuron death and infarct area diffusion in ischemia reperfusion injury. Finding novel molecules to regulate neuroinflammation is of significant clinical
Alban Bujard et al.
European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, 77, 273-278 (2015-06-30)
The Parallel Artificial Membrane Permeability Assay (PAMPA) is a well-known high throughput screening (HTS) technique for predicting in vivo passive absorption. In this technique, two compartments are separated by an artificial membrane that mimics passive permeability through biological membranes such
Christina Zbinden et al.
Veterinary microbiology, 179(3-4), 336-340 (2015-07-28)
Mycoplasma bovis is an emerging bacterial agent causing bovine mastitis. Although these cell wall-free bacteria lack classical virulence factors, they are able to activate the immune system of the host. However, effects on the bovine mammary immune system are not
Lianshu Ding et al.
Behavioural brain research, 268, 150-158 (2014-04-04)
Stress occurs in everyday life, but the relationship between stress and the onset or development of depression/anxiety remains unknown. Increasing evidence suggests that the impairment of antioxidant defense and the neuronal cell death are important in the process of emotional
Aodi Li et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 12(2), 2926-2932 (2015-05-06)
Bufalin is an active compound in the traditional Chinese medicine Chan Su, which has been shown to induce apoptosis in a range of cancer cell types. However, certain gastric cancer cells are known to be resistant to bufalin. Intracellular secreted
York Rudhard et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(7), 2927-2941 (2015-02-24)
Axon degeneration is a programed process that takes place during development, in response to neuronal injury, and as a component of neurodegenerative disease pathology, yet the molecular mechanisms that drive this process remain poorly defined. In this study, we have
J Henning Sahner et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 96, 14-21 (2015-04-16)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa employs a quorum sensing (QS) communication system that makes use of small diffusible molecules. Among other effects, the QS system coordinates the formation of biofilm which decisively contributes to difficulties in the therapy of Pseudomonas infections. The present
Hariprakash Haragopal et al.
Cell transplantation, 24(4), 645-659 (2015-02-27)
Rapid loss of stemness capacity in purified prototype neural stem cells (NSCs) remains a serious challenge to basic and clinical studies aiming to repair the central nervous system. Based on the essential role of mesodermal guidance in the process of
G Venkatesan et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 92, 784-798 (2015-01-31)
An efficient synthetic procedure was adopted to synthesize a series of new molecules containing the pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine (PP) scaffold, which have been evaluated as promising human adenosine receptor (AR) antagonists. The effect of substitutions at the N(2), C(4) and C(6) positions
Marie Tremblay-Franco et al.
PloS one, 10(10), e0141698-e0141698 (2015-10-31)
Along with the well-established effects on fertility and fecundity, perinatal exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals, and notably to xeno-estrogens, is strongly suspected of modulating general metabolism. The metabolism of a perinatally exposed individual may be durably altered leading to a
Aneta Novotna et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e101832-e101832 (2014-07-08)
Azole antifungal ketoconazole (KET) was demonstrated to activate aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Since clinically used KET is a racemic mixture of two cis-enantiomers (2R,4S)-(+)-KET and (2S,4R)-(-)-KET, we examined the effects of KET enantiomers on AhR signaling pathway. (+)-KET dose-dependently activated
Emmanuelle Havis et al.
Development (Cambridge, England), 141(19), 3683-3696 (2014-09-25)
The molecular signals driving tendon development are not fully identified. We have undertaken a transcriptome analysis of mouse limb tendon cells that were isolated at different stages of development based on scleraxis (Scx) expression. Microarray comparisons allowed us to establish
Piotr Luliński et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1420, 16-25 (2015-10-16)
In this paper, the optimized synthesis and detailed characterization of novel imprinted material for selective extraction of 2-aminothiazoline-4-carboxylic acid (ATCA) were described. The prepolymeric system contained 1-allyl-2-thiourea and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate in methanol, tetrahydrofuran and dimethyl sulfoxide porogenic mixture and
David P Eisenberg et al.
Journal of biomechanical engineering, 137(8), 081007-081007 (2015-04-04)
This study measures the Young's modulus in vitrified blood vessels below the glass transition temperature in conditions relevant to cryogenic storage and focuses on the cryoprotective agents (CPAs) cocktail DP6 mixed with synthetic ice modulators (SIMs). Small steplike strain changes
Rune Troelsgaard Pedersen et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 210(4), 565-582 (2015-08-19)
Genome integrity is critically dependent on timely DNA replication and accurate chromosome segregation. Replication stress delays replication into G2/M, which in turn impairs proper chromosome segregation and inflicts DNA damage on the daughter cells. Here we show that TopBP1 forms
Daniel Andersson et al.
Expert review of molecular diagnostics, 15(8), 1085-1100 (2015-07-02)
Quantification of small molecule numbers often requires preamplification to generate enough copies for accurate downstream enumerations. Here, we studied experimental parameters in targeted preamplification and their effects on downstream quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). To evaluate different strategies, we monitored the
Kaiji Zhang et al.
Blood cells, molecules & diseases, 56(1), 46-52 (2015-11-26)
Tanshinone IIA (TanIIA) is a traditional Chinese agent and has been widely used for treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Our previous study has shown that TanIIA can induce the differentiation of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells by increasing C/EBPβ expression and
Noriko Takahashi et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 22(17), 4677-4683 (2014-08-16)
Melanin protects the skin against ultraviolet (UV) rays. It is produced in excess by UV radiation, which causes skin disorders and pigmentation. Retinoic acid (RA) decreases the levels of epidermal melanin by suppressing the expression of melanogenic enzymes including tyrosinase
Chris R Evelyn et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(20), 12879-12898 (2015-04-01)
The Ras family small GTPases regulate multiple cellular processes, including cell growth, survival, movement, and gene expression, and are intimately involved in cancer pathogenesis. Activation of these small GTPases is catalyzed by a special class of enzymes, termed guanine nucleotide
Baoguang Li et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(24), 8243-8253 (2015-09-20)
Our previous work indicated a predominance (56.8%) of Salmonella enterica serovar Newport among isolates recovered from irrigation ponds used in produce farms over a 2-year period (B. Li et al., Appl Environ Microbiol 80:6355-6365, This observation provided a valuable
Kaitlin C Murphy et al.
Experimental cell research, 328(1), 164-171 (2014-07-06)
The cytoskeleton of human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells is known to be altered in glaucoma and has been hypothesized to reduce outflow facility through contracting the HTM tissue. Latrunculin B (Lat-B) and Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitors disrupt the actin
Adelene S M Wong et al.
Soft matter, 11(15), 2993-3002 (2015-03-04)
This study reports a novel nanoparticle system with simple and modular one-step assembly, which can respond intelligently to biologically relevant variations in pH. Importantly, these particles also show the ability to induce escape from the endosomal/lysosomal compartments of the cell
Richard J Flannery et al.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 309(8), F697-F707 (2015-08-21)
Defects in primary cilia lead to a variety of human diseases. One of these, polycystic kidney disease, can be caused by defects in a Ca²⁺-gated ion channel (TRPP2) found on the cilium. Other ciliary functions also contribute to cystogenesis, and
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