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Mathieu Quesnel-Vallières et al.
Genes & development, 29(7), 746-759 (2015-04-04)
Alternative splicing (AS) generates vast transcriptomic complexity in the vertebrate nervous system. However, the extent to which trans-acting splicing regulators and their target AS regulatory networks contribute to nervous system development is not well understood. To address these questions, we
Takashi Kasukabe et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(2), 841-848 (2014-11-19)
Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is an approved treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). It has also shown potential for treatment of multiple myeloma and various solid tumors including breast cancer. The requirement of high, toxic concentrations for the induction of apoptosis
Hubert Sytykiewicz et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e111863-e111863 (2014-11-05)
The purpose of this report was to evaluate the expression patterns of selected glutathione transferase genes (gst1, gst18, gst23 and gst24) in the tissues of two maize (Zea mays L.) varieties (relatively resistant Ambrozja and susceptible Tasty Sweet) that were
Viktor Kis et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0131250-e0131250 (2015-07-07)
Lipid droplets (LDs) are common organelles of the majority of eukaryotic cell types. Their biological significance has been extensively studied in mammalian liver cells and white adipose tissue. Although the central nervous system contains the highest relative amount and the
Anne-Theres Henze et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5582-5582 (2014-11-26)
Solid tumours are exposed to microenvironmental factors such as hypoxia that normally inhibit cell growth. However, tumour cells are capable of counteracting these signals through mechanisms that are largely unknown. Here we show that the prolyl hydroxylase PHD3 restrains tumour
K J Taylor et al.
Parasite immunology, 37(1), 23-31 (2014-11-08)
Translationally controlled tumour protein (TCTP) may play an important role in the establishment or maintenance of parasitemia in a malarial infection. In this study, the potential of TCTP as a malaria vaccine was investigated in two trials. In the initial
Bao-qiu Li et al.
Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.), 239(10), 1366-1379 (2014-05-30)
Manganese (III) 5, 10, 15, 20-tetrakis [3-(2-(2-methoxy)-ethoxy) ethoxy] phenyl porphyrin chloride, designated HSJ-0017, is a novel antioxidant enzyme mimic. The aim of the present study was to investigate the enzyme-mimic activity and the therapeutic potential of HSJ-0017 in free radical-related
L Monin et al.
Mucosal immunology, 8(5), 1099-1109 (2015-01-30)
Tuberculosis (TB) vaccine development has focused largely on targeting T helper type 1 (Th1) cells. However, despite inducing Th1 cells, the recombinant TB vaccine MVA85A failed to enhance protection against TB disease in humans. In recent years, Th17 cells have
Osamu Sakai et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 56(1), 538-543 (2015-01-13)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4) in conjunctival epithelial cells. An immortalized human conjunctival epithelial cell line was used. Cells were transfected with catalase, GPx1, GPx4, SOD1, SOD2, or control
John P Sundberg et al.
Experimental and molecular pathology, 97(3), 525-528 (2014-12-03)
Alopecia areata (AA), a cell mediated autoimmune disease, is the second most common form of hair loss in humans. While the autoimmune disease is responsible for the underlying pathogenesis, the alopecia phenotype is ultimately due to hair shaft fragility and
Kenji Fukushima et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6450-6450 (2015-03-17)
Complex morphology is an evolutionary outcome of phenotypic diversification. In some carnivorous plants, the ancestral planar leaf has been modified to form a pitcher shape. However, how leaf development was altered during evolution remains unknown. Here we show that the
Noriko Uesugi et al.
Pathology international, 65(11), 575-584 (2015-08-21)
We have developed a new virtual microscopy method, with two- and three-dimensional (2D, 3D) synchronization, that enables visualization of the human renal microvasculature. The method was used to evaluate 120-150 serially cut sections of paraffin-embedded human renal tissue from nephrectomized
Ming-Yuan Tsai et al.
Developmental neurobiology, 75(9), 908-926 (2014-12-23)
Krüppel-like factor 8 (Klf8) is a zinc-finger transcription factor implicated in cell proliferation, and cancer cell survival and invasion; however, little is known about its role in normal embryonic development. Here, we show that Klf8 is required for normal cerebellar
Kayoko Katayama et al.
Nihon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene, 66(3), 573-581 (2011-06-28)
In this study, we investigated the relationships of neutrophil functions with lifestyle factors (namely, subjective stress, exercise habits, smoking habits, alcohol-drinking habits, and self-perceived status health) and health behavior in the Chinese urban elderly. We performed a health survey of
Yanmang Cui et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 220, 75-83 (2014-06-29)
The study was to characterize the polyphenolic composition, antioxidant properties, and hepatoprotective effects of a polyphenols-enriched extract (HMTP) from Huangshan Maofeng green tea. HPLC analysis showed that three predominantly polyphenolic compounds present in HMTP were epigallocatechin (271.2 μg/mg extract), rutin
Yonghong Zhang et al.
Vaccine, 33(30), 3480-3487 (2015-06-10)
Our previous study showed that IL-2 and IL-7 could mutually enhance the immunogenicity of canine parvovirus VP2 DNA vaccine, although the underlying mechanism remained unknown. Here, we used the OVA gene as a DNA vaccine in a mouse model to
Maho Sumiyoshi et al.
Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology, 22(7-8), 759-767 (2015-07-05)
Tumor growth and metastasis have been closely associated with the M2 macrophage-induced activation of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). The antitumor and antimetastatic actions of xanthangelol and 4-hydroxyderricin on the role of M2 macrophages in the TAMs of highly metastatic osteosarcoma LM8-bearing
Gabriel E Bertolesi et al.
Pigment cell & melanoma research, 28(5), 559-571 (2015-06-23)
How skin colour adjusts to circadian light/dark cycles is poorly understood. Melanopsin (Opn4) is expressed in melanophores, where in vitro studies suggest it regulates skin pigmentation through a 'primary colour response' in which light photosensitivity is translated directly into pigment
Leonor C Costa et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(23), 18574-18589 (2015-09-24)
This study aimed to assess the mechanisms of innate immune function responses to silica-coated iron oxide nanoparticle functionalized with dithiocarbamate groups (IONP) exposure alone and its associated mercury (Hg) in European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) phagocytes isolated from peritoneum (P-phagocytes)
Junhyoung Ahn et al.
Biosensors & bioelectronics, 71, 115-120 (2015-04-22)
The aim of the study was to develop a simple and rapid immunoassay using fluorescent microbeads and enzyme-substrate reactions to measure alpha-fetal protein (AFP) concentrations. We demonstrated the functionality of the fluorescent immunosensor using antibody-conjugated fluorescent latex beads (AB-FLBs) and
Yang Cheng et al.
Microbes and infection, 16(5), 419-428 (2014-02-25)
The newly identified GPI-anchored Plasmodium vivax merozoite surface protein 1 paralog (MSP1P) has a highly antigenic C-terminus that binds erythrocytes. To characterize the antigenicity and immunogenicity of two regions (PvMSP1P-19 and -33) of the highly conserved C-terminus of MSP1P relative
Akif Hakan Kurt et al.
Oncology letters, 10(5), 3177-3182 (2016-01-02)
Estrogen mediates fast signal responses or transcriptional events via G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1). However, there is no data on the effect of GPER1 on lung cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis. The present study aimed to analyze the anticancer
Konstanze Scheller et al.
Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, 71(9), 1601-1601 (2013-05-07)
The pathogenesis and prevention of cleft lip and palate (CL/P) have been studied mainly in clinical and animal experiments. A prophylactic poly-B-vitamin substitution during the first months of pregnancy has provided the most encouraging results for the prevention of CL/P
Gang Yang et al.
Fish & shellfish immunology, 45(2), 800-807 (2015-06-09)
Probiotics have positive effects on the nutrient digestibility and absorption, immune responses, and growth of aquatic animals, including the sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus Selenka). A 60-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of Bacillus cereus G19, B. cereus
Ramamoorthy M Kalidas et al.
Cellular & molecular biology letters, 20(2), 294-309 (2015-07-24)
Lamin A is an intermediate filament protein which is cleaved by the enzyme, FACE 1 at VTRSY↓L. The cleavage is the final step in the production of the mature lamin A protein. The mature lamin A protein localizes in the
Jian-Ming Li et al.
Oncotarget, 6(13), 10772-10785 (2015-04-15)
Microbleeds are a common finding in aged human brains. In Alzheimer's disease (AD), neuritic plaques composed of β-amyloid (Aβ) deposits and dystrophic neurites occur frequently around cerebral vasculature, raising a compelling question as to whether, and if so, how, microvascular
Smita S Iyer et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 195(3), 994-1005 (2015-06-28)
The goal of an HIV vaccine is to generate robust and durable protective Ab. Vital to this goal is the induction of CD4(+) T follicular helper (TFH) cells. However, very little is known about the TFH response to HIV vaccination
Esther Ingold et al.
Biology open, 4(2), 146-154 (2015-01-13)
The formation of functional neuronal circuits relies on accurate migration and proper axonal outgrowth of neuronal precursors. On the route to their targets migrating cells and growing axons depend on both, directional information from neurotropic cues and adhesive interactions mediated
William A Rose et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 13146-13146 (2015-08-15)
Human vaccines have used aluminium-based adjuvants (alum) for >80 years despite incomplete understanding of how alum enhances the immune response. Alum can induce the release of endogenous danger signals via cellular necrosis which elicits inflammation-associated cytokines resulting in humoral immunity.
Zhong-ping Ma et al.
Cell and tissue research, 361(2), 467-476 (2015-03-07)
Osteoporosis (OP) often increases the risk of bone fracture and other complications and is a major clinical problem. Previous studies have found that high blood pressure is associated with bone formation abnormalities, resulting in increased calcium loss. We have investigated
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