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Saif Ahmad et al.
Journal of neuroimmunology, 277(1-2), 96-104 (2014-12-03)
Traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) is associated with apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells. Local productions of reactive oxygen species and inflammatory mediators from activated microglial cells have been hypothesized to underlie apoptotic processes. We previously demonstrated that the anti-inflammatory effect of
Elizabeth A Wellberg et al.
Breast cancer research : BCR, 16(6), 481-481 (2014-12-05)
Spot14 (S14), encoded by the THRSP gene, regulates de novo fatty acid synthesis in the liver, adipose, and lactating mammary gland. We recently showed that S14 stimulated fatty acid synthase (FASN) activity in vitro, and increased the synthesis of fatty
J Schrader et al.
Experimental and clinical endocrinology & diabetes : official journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association, 123(2), 118-125 (2014-11-14)
Class 1A phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) is essential for beta-cell growth and survival. Although PI3K has been studied extensively in diabetes the effect of alternatively spliced isoforms of the catalytic subunit p85α on beta cell proliferation and survival remains to be
X Teng et al.
Oral diseases, 21(2), 185-194 (2014-03-13)
Heightened levels of sEcad are found in the serum of patients with cancer and correlate with an unfavorable prognosis and later-stages of disease. In this study, we explored whether sEcad is elevated in human OPSCC specimens and FaDu cells. Additionally
Lenka Roubalová et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 23(17), 5402-5409 (2015-08-12)
Quercetin 3'-O-sulfate is one of the main metabolites of the natural flavonoid quercetin in humans. This study was designed to prepare quercetin 3'-O-sulfate (1), isoquercitrin 4'-O-sulfate (2) and taxifolin 4'-O-sulfate (3) by the sulfation of quercetin, isoquercitrin (quercetin 3-O-glucoside) and
Jean-Nicolas Gallant et al.
Cancer discovery, 5(11), 1155-1163 (2015-08-20)
Oncogenic EGFR mutations are found in 10% to 35% of lung adenocarcinomas. Such mutations, which present most commonly as small in-frame deletions in exon 19 or point mutations in exon 21 (L858R), confer sensitivity to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI).
Nathalie Kersual et al.
mAbs, 6(5), 1314-1326 (2014-12-18)
Ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate among gynecologic malignancies. The monoclonal antibody 12G4 specifically recognizes the human Müllerian inhibiting substance type II receptor (MISRII) that is strongly expressed in human granulosa cell tumors (GCT) and in the majority of
Mangiferin induces apoptosis in human ovarian adenocarcinoma OVCAR3 cells via the regulation of Notch3
Zou B, et al.
Oncology Reports, 38(3), 1431-1441 (2017)
Daniel J Garama et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 35(21), 3646-3656 (2015-08-19)
Increased production of mitochondrion-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) is characteristic of a metabolic shift observed during malignant transformation. While the exact sources and roles of ROS in tumorigenesis remain to be defined, it has become clear that maintaining redox balance
A Fauster et al.
Cell death & disease, 6, e1767-e1767 (2015-05-23)
Necroptosis is a form of regulated necrotic cell death mediated by receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) and RIPK3. Necroptotic cell death contributes to the pathophysiology of several disorders involving tissue damage, including myocardial infarction, stroke and ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, no
Marianne Le Gall et al.
Molecular cancer therapeutics, 14(11), 2595-2605 (2015-09-12)
KIT is a cell surface tyrosine kinase receptor whose ligand stem cell factor (SCF) triggers homodimerization and activation of downstream effector pathways involved in cell survival, proliferation, homing, or differentiation. KIT-activating mutations are major oncogenic drivers in subsets of acute
Robrecht Thoonen et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8482-8482 (2015-10-08)
Oxidative stress, a central mediator of cardiovascular disease, results in loss of the prosthetic haem group of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), preventing its activation by nitric oxide (NO). Here we introduce Apo-sGC mice expressing haem-free sGC. Apo-sGC mice are viable
J Juhasova et al.
Cellular and molecular neurobiology, 35(1), 57-70 (2014-12-10)
Expression of doublecortin (DCX), a 43-53 kDa microtubule binding protein, is frequently used as (i) an early neuronal marker to identify the stage of neuronal maturation of in vivo grafted neuronal precursors (NSCs), and (ii) a neuronal fate marker transiently
Frank Lippert et al.
Caries research, 49(5), 467-476 (2015-08-01)
The aims of this laboratory study were to compare the effects of lesion baseline severity, mineral distribution and substrate on remineralization and progression of caries lesions created in root dentin. Lesions were formed in dentin specimens prepared from human and
Jianwei Zuo et al.
Oncology reports, 33(3), 1388-1394 (2015-01-13)
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether pristimerin affects the bone metastasis, stem cell characteristics and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of prostate cancer (PCa) PC-3 cells subjected to hypoxia. The PC-3 cells were cultured under hypoxia or normoxia
Dominique A Salazar et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(25), 9315-9328 (2015-06-26)
Mutations in the human progranulin gene resulting in protein haploinsufficiency cause frontotemporal lobar degeneration with TDP-43 inclusions. Although progress has been made in understanding the normal functions of progranulin and TDP-43, the molecular interactions between these proteins remain unclear. Progranulin
Huiwen Song et al.
Autophagy, 11(8), 1308-1325 (2015-06-18)
Recent studies have shown that the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of ULK1 and ATG13 are related to autophagy activity. Although ATG16L1 is absolutely required for autophagy induction by affecting the formation of autophagosomes, the post-translational modification of ATG16L1 remains elusive. Here
Xinlei Yu et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(2), 394-407 (2014-11-08)
Induction of autophagy and the integrated stress response is important for amino acid homeostasis. It remains unknown whether the autophagy coregulates both mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling and the integrated stress response. In mouse C2C12 myotubes, we
Melissa Togtema et al.
Virology, 485, 274-282 (2015-09-01)
Human papillomavirus type 16 is commonly implicated in HPV-related cancers. However, only a small number of infected individuals progress to this stage. Epidemiological evidence demonstrated that oncogenic risk is population-specific and variations within the viral oncogene, E6, have been suggested
Prerna Srivastava et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123896-e0123896 (2015-04-04)
Loss of photoreceptors leads to significant remodeling in inner retina of rd1 mouse, a widely used model of retinal degeneration. Several morphological and physiological alterations occur in the second- and third-order retinal neurons. Synaptic activity in the excitatory bipolar cells
Ruiyan Wang et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 70, 64-71 (2015-03-18)
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common form of neoplasm occurring in the adult kidney. Although significant advances have been made in treatment for ccRCC, a significant percent of patients have no benefit from currently available treatment
Masaki Inoue et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(4), 656-669 (2015-01-23)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is an important mediator that triggers onset of autoimmune diseases and exerts its biological effects by interacting through two receptors, TNFR1 (also known as TNFRSF1A) and TNFR2 (also known as TNFRSF1B). TNFR2 signaling has significant potential
Maohua Xie et al.
BMC cancer, 15, 586-586 (2015-08-14)
Accumulation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage could enhance the frequency of mitochondrial mutations and promote a variety of mitochondria-related diseases, including cancer. However, the mechanism(s) involved are not fully understood. Quantitative extended length PCR was used to compare mtDNA and
Pawel Licznerski et al.
PLoS biology, 13(10), e1002282-e1002282 (2015-10-28)
Exposure to extreme stress can trigger the development of major depressive disorder (MDD) as well as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The molecular mechanisms underlying the structural and functional alterations within corticolimbic brain regions, including the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and amygdala
Takashi Iwata et al.
International journal of clinical oncology, 20(1), 126-133 (2014-03-01)
Immune responses in the uterine cervix are considered to play an important role in persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and carcinogenesis, but many aspects of the mechanism are still unclear. The goal of this study was to measure cytokines to
Bharanidharan Shanmugasundaram et al.
Behavioural brain research, 289, 157-168 (2015-05-02)
Several neurotransmitter receptors have been proposed to be involved in memory formation. However, information on receptor complexes (RCs) in the radial arm maze (RAM) is missing. It was therefore the aim of this study to determine major neurotransmitter RCs levels
Ki Yoon Kim et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 464(1), 236-243 (2015-06-24)
Two DNA/RNA binding proteins, TDP-43 and FUS/TLSU, are involved in RNA processing, and their aberrant mutations induce inherited amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitinated inclusions. Wild type TDP-43 and FUS (wtTDP-43 and wtFUS) are mainly localized in
Lydia Herrmann et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0119423-e0119423 (2015-03-24)
Defects in intracellular transport are implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Hook proteins are a family of cytoplasmic linker proteins that participate in endosomal transport. In this study we show that Hook1 and Hook3 are expressed in neurons
K P Sharma et al.
Indian journal of experimental biology, 50(12), 897-903 (2013-08-31)
Protective role of diet supplements (Spirulina, tamarind fruit pulp and their combination) on a freshwater fish G. affinis exposed at sublethal concentration of fluoride (F-) (10 ppm), Al(+3) (3 ppm) and aluminum fluoride (AlF3) (35.4 ppm) in the microcosms (15
Long-Yan Ran et al.
Journal of trace elements in medicine and biology : organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements (GMS), 64, 126688-126688 (2020-12-02)
To reveal the underling molecular mechanism in brain damage induced by chronic fluorosis, the neurotoxicity and its correlation were investigated by transcriptomics and proteomics. Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with fluoride at different concentrations (0, 5, 50 and 100 ppm, prepared by
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