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Wei Qiu et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0129772-e0129772 (2015-06-09)
ABCB10 (ATP binding cassette sub-family B10) is a mitochondrial inner-membrane ABC transporter. ABCB10 has been shown to protect the heart from the impact of ROS during ischemia-reperfusion and to allow for proper hemoglobin synthesis during erythroid development. ABC transporters are
Wendi S Neckameyer et al.
Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 18(2), 254-266 (2015-03-19)
All living organisms must maintain equilibrium in response to internal and external challenges within their environment. Changes in neural plasticity (alterations in neuronal populations, dendritic remodeling, and synaptic turnover) are critical components of the homeostatic response to stress, which has
Mohamad Nasir Shafiee et al.
Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology, 31(4), 286-290 (2014-12-17)
The aim of this proof-of-concept study was to determine the effects of three-month Metformin therapy on the expression of tumor-regulatory genes (p53, cyclin D2 and BCL-2) in the endometrium of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). A total of 40
María C Ovejero-Benito et al.
Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.), 14(14), 2311-2322 (2015-05-07)
Nuclear DNA duplication in the absence of cell division (i.e. endoreplication) leads to somatic polyploidy in eukaryotic cells. In contrast to some invertebrate neurons, whose nuclei may contain up to 200,000-fold the normal haploid DNA amount (C), polyploid neurons in
Davide Povero et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e113651-e113651 (2014-12-04)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in both adult and children. Currently there are no reliable methods to determine disease severity, monitor disease progression, or efficacy of therapy, other than an invasive liver biopsy.
Courtney Reichhardt et al.
Eukaryotic cell, 14(11), 1064-1072 (2015-07-15)
Aspergillus fumigatus is commonly responsible for lethal fungal infections among immunosuppressed individuals. A. fumigatus forms biofilm communities that are of increasing biomedical interest due to the association of biofilms with chronic infections and their increased resistance to antifungal agents and
Daniel Sohmen et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6941-6941 (2015-04-24)
Ribosomal stalling is used to regulate gene expression and can occur in a species-specific manner. Stalling during translation of the MifM leader peptide regulates expression of the downstream membrane protein biogenesis factor YidC2 (YqjG) in Bacillus subtilis, but not in
Janna M Schurer et al.
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 90(6), 1184-1190 (2014-03-19)
Residents of remote and Indigenous communities might experience higher exposure to some zoonotic parasites than the general North American population. Human sero-surveillance conducted in two Saulteaux communities found 113 volunteers exposed as follows: Trichinella (2.7%), Toxocara canis (4.4%), Echinococcus (4.4%)
A Mühlstein et al.
Die Pharmazie, 69(7), 518-524 (2014-07-31)
Arylsulfatase A (ASA) deficiency is the cause of metachromatic leucodystrophy (MLD), a lysosomal storage disease associated with severe neurological disorders. Poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) (PBCA) nanoparticles overcoated with polysorbate 80 enabled the delivery of several drugs across the blood-brain barrier to the
Rangarajan Padmanabhan et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(9), 1773-1786 (2015-03-22)
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is important for the formation of migratory neural crest cells during development and is co-opted in human diseases such as cancer metastasis. Chick premigratory cranial neural crest cells lose intercellular contacts, mediated in part by Cadherin-6B
Pragya Komal et al.
The Journal of physiology, 593(16), 3513-3532 (2015-05-21)
Protein kinases can modify the function of many proteins including ion channels. However, the role of protein kinase A in modifying nicotinic receptors in the CNS has never been investigated. We showed through whole-cell recordings of layer 1 prefrontal cortical interneurons that
Rayan Khaddaj-Mallat et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 467(7), 1591-1605 (2014-08-13)
This study was aimed to investigate the role of eicosapentaenoic acid monoacylglyceride (MAG-EPA) and 17,18-epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (17,18-EpETE) on the regulation of contractile reactivity and nuclear protein expression in 72-h-cultured and TNF-α-treated guinea pig tracheal rings. Tension measurements performed on native
Ina Kurth et al.
Oncotarget, 6(33), 34494-34509 (2015-10-16)
Despite recent advances in understanding of the molecular pathogenesis and improvement of treatment techniques, locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Compelling evidence suggests that cancer stem cells (CSC) may cause tumor
Jennifer R Davies et al.
The European journal of neuroscience, 42(4), 2105-2113 (2015-06-05)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by deletion or inactivation of paternally expressed imprinted genes on human chromosome 15q11-q13, the most recognised feature of which is hyperphagia. This is thought to arise as a consequence of abnormalities in
Nikita Ikon et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 464(2), 580-585 (2015-07-15)
The concentration and composition of cardiolipin (CL) in mitochondria are altered in age-related heart disease, Barth Syndrome, and other rare genetic disorders, resulting in mitochondrial dysfunction. To explore whether exogenous CL can be delivered to cells, CL was combined with
Katsuyoshi Fujimoto et al.
Journal of natural medicines, 68(3), 481-487 (2014-02-18)
Seven new acylated sucroses, mumeoses P-V, were isolated from the flower buds of Prunus mume, cultivated in Zhejiang province, China. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and physicochemical evidence. Moreover, mumeoses C, D, and R, were
Xiao-Dong Hu et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(41), 13989-14001 (2015-10-16)
Protein phosphatase-1 (PP1), anchored by regulatory or targeting proteins at excitatory glutamatergic synapses, controls the phosphorylation of postsynaptic substrates and regulates the neurotransmission and plasticity. Here, we found that spinophilin, an actin-binding protein that targets PP1 at postsynaptic density, served
Mariana Ramos-Brossier et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(4), 1106-1118 (2014-10-12)
Mutations in interleukin-1 receptor accessory protein like 1 (IL1RAPL1) gene have been associated with non-syndromic intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder. This protein interacts with synaptic partners like PSD-95 and PTPδ, regulating the formation and function of excitatory synapses.
Takashi Watanabe et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 210(5), 737-751 (2015-09-02)
Microtubules (MTs) play critical roles in various cellular events, including cell migration. End-binding proteins (EBs) accumulate at the ends of growing MTs and regulate MT end dynamics by recruiting other plus end-tracking proteins (+TIPs). However, how EBs contribute to MT
Matthew L Kraushar et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(36), E3815-E3824 (2014-08-27)
Precise spatiotemporal control of mRNA translation machinery is essential to the development of highly complex systems like the neocortex. However, spatiotemporal regulation of translation machinery in the developing neocortex remains poorly understood. Here, we show that an RNA-binding protein, Hu
Matthew C Henn et al.
Journal of the American Heart Association, 4(8), e002016-e002016 (2015-08-26)
ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel openers provide cardioprotection in multiple models. Ion flux at an unidentified mitochondrial K(ATP) channel has been proposed as the mechanism. The renal outer medullary kidney potassium channel subunit, potassium inward rectifying (Kir)1.1, has been implicated as
Oluseye A Ogunbayo et al.
The FEBS journal, 281(3), 766-777 (2013-11-19)
Flavonoids are group of plant-derived hydroxylated polycyclic molecules found in fruit and vegetables. They are known to bio-accumulate within humans and are considered to have beneficial health effects, including cancer chemoprotection. One mechanism proposed to explain this is that they
Mira Mooreville et al.
Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 23(4), 808-814 (2015-02-17)
Determine the association of children's susceptibility to large food portion sizes with appetite regulation and obesity. Normal-weight and obese non-Hispanic black children (n = 100) aged 5-6 years were observed in four dinner conditions of varying portion size; portions of all foods
Elizabeth A Wellberg et al.
Breast cancer research : BCR, 16(6), 481-481 (2014-12-05)
Spot14 (S14), encoded by the THRSP gene, regulates de novo fatty acid synthesis in the liver, adipose, and lactating mammary gland. We recently showed that S14 stimulated fatty acid synthase (FASN) activity in vitro, and increased the synthesis of fatty
Anna K Coussens et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(26), 8052-8057 (2015-06-17)
Cape Town, South Africa, has a seasonal pattern of UVB radiation and a predominantly dark-skinned urban population who suffer high HIV-1 prevalence. This coexistent environmental and phenotypic scenario puts residents at risk for vitamin D deficiency, which may potentiate HIV-1
Marcela Lipovsek et al.
STAR protocols, 1(3), 100146-100146 (2020-12-31)
Obtaining electrophysiological recordings and gene expression information from the same neuron (Patch-seq) brings forward a unique opportunity to study the transcriptional correlates of functional properties and vice versa. Here, we provide a detailed Patch-seq protocol tailored to the specialized demands
Li Huang et al.
Autophagy, 15(3), 407-422 (2018-09-14)
Glucose produced from photosynthesis is a key nutrient signal regulating root meristem activity in plants; however, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here, we show that, by modulating reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, the conserved macroautophagy/autophagy degradation pathway contributes to
Michael K Tian et al.
The European journal of neuroscience, 40(4), 2608-2618 (2014-05-16)
Cholinergic stimulation of the cerebral cortex is essential for tasks requiring attention; however, there is still some debate over which cortical regions are required for such tasks. There is extensive cholinergic innervation of both primary and associative cortices, and transient
Alfonso Pastor-Clerigues et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e115404-e115404 (2014-12-17)
Home parenteral nutrition (PN) is associated with many complications including severe hepatobiliary dysfunction. Commercial ω-6 fatty acid-soybean based-lipid emulsions in PN may mediate long term PN associate liver disease (PNALD) whereas ω-3-fish oil parenteral emulsions have shown to reverse PNALD
Rongsheng Su et al.
Biological trace element research, 167(1), 110-114 (2015-03-13)
The aim of this study was to explore the effects of selenium addition on hepatic tissue ultrastructure and mitochondrial antioxidant capacity in copper-overloaded rats. Eighteen adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into three groups (n = 6 per group). Each
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