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Hans Eickhoff et al.
The Journal of endocrinology, 223(3), 255-265 (2014-10-03)
Excessive or inadequate glucagon secretion promoting hepatic gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis is believed to contribute to hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. Currently, metabolic surgery is an accepted treatment for obese patients with type 2 diabetes and has been shown
Shuji Sugiura et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 135(3), 776-785 (2014-10-15)
Human prolactin-induced protein (PIP) is a major protein found in exocrine fluids such as saliva and sweat. Intriguingly, PIP possesses residues (human PIP (hPIP): PIP (29-63)) that display similarity to the aspartic peptidase candidapepsin. Here, we aimed to determine the
Luke Grundy et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 41(17), 3900-3916 (2021-03-18)
Understanding the sensory mechanisms innervating the bladder is paramount to developing efficacious treatments for chronic bladder hypersensitivity conditions. The contribution of Mas-gene-related G protein-coupled receptors (Mrgpr) to bladder signaling is currently unknown. Using male and female mice, we show with
C Gröer et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 100, 393-401 (2014-09-15)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) are major determinants in the pharmacokinetics of most drugs on the market. To investigate their impact on intestinal and hepatic drug metabolism, we developed and validated quantification methods for nine CYP (CYP1A2, CYP2B6
Talar Tokatlian et al.
Advanced healthcare materials, 4(7), 1084-1091 (2015-02-20)
The treatment of impaired wounds requires the use of biomaterials that can provide mechanical and biological queues to the surrounding environment to promote angiogenesis, granulation tissue formation, and wound closure. Porous hydrogels show promotion of angiogenesis, even in the absence
Annika Maria Juul Haagensen et al.
PloS one, 9(4), e93821-e93821 (2014-04-18)
High fat, low carbohydrate diets have become popular, as short-term studies show that such diets are effective for reducing body weight, and lowering the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. There is growing evidence from both humans and other animals
Severiano Risco et al.
Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 126, 7-12 (2014-09-17)
Previous studies demonstrated that the intracerebroventricular administration of SB-334867-A, a selective antagonist of orexin OX1R receptors, blocks the acquisition of saccharin-induced conditioned flavor preference (CFP) but not LiCl-induced taste aversion learning (TAL). Orexinergic fibers from the lateral hypothalamus end in
Aitor Sánchez-Ferrero et al.
Biomaterials, 68, 42-53 (2015-08-13)
Bone tissue engineering demands alternatives overcoming the limitations of traditional approaches in the context of a constantly aging global population. In the present study, elastin-like recombinamers hydrogels were produced by means of carbodiimide-catalyzed crosslinking with citric acid, a molecule suggested
Sandra Gelhaus et al.
Virology, 464-465, 397-405 (2014-08-13)
The spike protein S of coronaviruses contains a highly conserved cytoplasmic cysteine-rich motif adjacent to the transmembrane region. This motif is palmitoylated in the Betacoronaviruses MHV and SARS-CoV. Here, we demonstrate by metabolic labeling with [(3)H]-palmitic acid that the S
S Y Oh et al.
Cell death & disease, 6, e1750-e1750 (2015-05-08)
Arachidonic acid (AA) is largely released during injury, but it has not been fully studied yet how AA modulates wound repair with stem cells. Therefore, we investigated skin wound-healing effect of AA-stimulated human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCB-MSCs)
Robyn D Warner et al.
Meat science, 108, 155-164 (2015-07-15)
The aim of this experiment was to use metabolomic techniques to investigate the energy metabolism in lamb M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum subjected to very fast chilling (VFC) post-mortem. The tissue was prepared by 2 different operators and subjected to
Martín García-Flores et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(3), 1042-1052 (2015-01-15)
In comparison to the exponential increase of genotyping methods, phenotyping strategies are lagging behind in agricultural sciences. Genetic improvement depends upon the abundance of quantitative phenotypic data and the statistical partitioning of variance into environmental, genetic, and random effects. A
Shaowen Wang et al.
Journal of virology, 88(22), 13047-13063 (2014-08-29)
Iridoviruses are nucleocytoplasmic DNA viruses which cause great economic losses in the aquaculture industry but also show significant threat to global biodiversity. However, a lack of host cells has resulted in poor progress in clarifying iridovirus behavior. We investigated the
Adriano Bellotti et al.
Biophysical journal, 120(11), 2085-2101 (2021-04-05)
Neural function depends on continual synthesis and targeted trafficking of intracellular components, including ion channel proteins. Many kinds of ion channels are trafficked over long distances to specific cellular compartments. This raises the question of whether cargo is directed with
Kai Fan et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 12, 54-54 (2015-04-19)
Neuroinflammation is a hallmark that leads to selective neuronal loss and/or dysfunction in neurodegenerative disorders. Microglia-derived lysosomal cathepsins are increasingly recognized as important inflammatory mediators to trigger signaling pathways that aggravate neuroinflammation. However, cathepsin H (Cat H), a cysteine protease
Rong Xu et al.
Methods (San Diego, Calif.), 87, 11-25 (2015-04-19)
Secretion and exchange of extracellular vesicles (EVs) by most cell types is emerging as a fundamental biological process. Although much is known about EVs, there is still a lack of definition as to how many naturally occurring EV subtypes there
G O Bozdag et al.
Molecular ecology, 23(20), 5061-5071 (2014-08-30)
The sharing of secreted invertase by yeast cells is a well-established laboratory model for cooperation, but the only evidence that such cooperation occurs in nature is that the SUC loci, which encode invertase, vary in number and functionality. Genotypes that
Dina Orozco-Dávila et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0135759-e0135759 (2015-08-15)
A genetic sexing strain of Anastrepha ludens (Loew), Tapachula-7, was developed by the Mexican Program Against Fruit Flies to produce and release only males in programs where the sterile insect technique (SIT) is applied. Currently, breeding are found at a
Lieke Kros et al.
Annals of neurology, 77(6), 1027-1049 (2015-03-13)
Disrupting thalamocortical activity patterns has proven to be a promising approach to stop generalized spike-and-wave discharges (GSWDs) characteristic of absence seizures. Here, we investigated to what extent modulation of neuronal firing in cerebellar nuclei (CN), which are anatomically in an
Chuang Lyu et al.
Molecular pain, 11, 44-44 (2015-07-23)
Increased nociceptive neuronal excitability underlies chronic pain conditions. Various ion channels, including sodium, calcium and potassium channels have pivotal roles in the control of neuronal excitability. The members of the family of G protein-gated inwardly rectifying potassium (GIRK) channels, GIRK1-4
Anthony Sclafani et al.
American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 307(12), R1448-R1457 (2014-10-17)
Recent studies indicate that, unlike glucose, fructose has little or no post-oral preference conditioning actions in C57BL/6J (B6) mice. The present study determined whether this is also the case for FVB mice, which overconsume fructose relative to B6 mice. In
Wen-Jie Bian et al.
Developmental neurobiology, 75(8), 805-822 (2014-11-27)
The morphology of the dendritic tree is critical to neuronal function and neural circuit wiring. Several Wnt family members have been demonstrated to play important roles in dendrite development. However, the Wnt receptors responsible for mediating this process remain largely
Estela Santos-Alves et al.
European journal of clinical investigation, 44(7), 668-677 (2014-06-04)
Several strategies have been developed to counteract liver injury as a consequence of nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs toxicity. Here, we aimed to determine whether physical exercise results in liver mitochondrial protection against in vitro diclofenac toxicity. Male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were
Annette Tennstaedt et al.
Biomaterials, 44, 143-154 (2015-01-27)
Human neural stem cells (hNSCs) hold great promise for the treatment of neurological diseases. Considerable progress has been made to induce neural differentiation in the cell culture in vitro and upon transplantation in vivo [2] in order to explore restoration
Mohanan Valiya Veettil et al.
PLoS pathogens, 10(10), e1004389-e1004389 (2014-10-10)
Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is etiologically associated with endothelial Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and B-cell proliferative primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), common malignancies seen in immunocompromised HIV-1 infected patients. The progression of these cancers occurs by the proliferation of cells latently
Clémentine Bosch-Bouju et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(48), 15836-15850 (2014-11-28)
Motor thalamus (Mthal) is a key node in the corticobasal ganglia (BG) loop that controls complex, cognitive aspects of movement. In Parkinson's disease (PD), profound alterations in neuronal activity occur in BG nuclei and cortex. Because Mthal is located between
Christina O'Rourke et al.
Annals of botany, 116(2), 225-236 (2015-06-27)
During evolution, plants have acquired and/or lost diverse sugar residues as cell-wall constituents. Of particular interest are primordial cell-wall features that existed, and in some cases abruptly changed, during the momentous step whereby land-plants arose from charophytic algal ancestors. Polysaccharides
Hannelore Rücker et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(10), 3040-3047 (2015-01-27)
Inflammatory signaling pathways orchestrate the cellular response to infection and injury. These pathways are known to be modulated by compounds that alkylate cysteinyl thiols. One class of phytochemicals with strong thiol alkylating activity is the chalcones. In this study we
Ram Jee Sharma et al.
Natural product communications, 10(6), 969-976 (2015-07-23)
Eugenia jambolana, commonly known as 'jamun' or Indian blackberry, is an important source of bioactive compounds. All parts of the plant like stem bark, leaves, flower, fruit pulp and seeds are traditionally used for many diseases. Metabolite profiling in medicinally
Yuki Yoshino et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 13249-13249 (2015-08-22)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3β) has been investigated as a therapeutic target for numerous human diseases including cancer because of their diverse cellular functions. Although GSK-3β inhibitors have been investigated as anticancer reagents, precise biological mechanisms remain to be determined.
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