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Rheological Behavior of Environmentally Friendly Viscoelastic Solutions Formed by a Rosin-Based Anionic Surfactant.

Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2019-02-05)
Jingjing Chen, Binglei Song, Xiaomei Pei, Zhenggang Cui, Danhua Xie
ABSTRACT

It is of great significance to explore novel applications of renewable resources. In this study, a rosin-based anionic surfactant (abbreviated R-11-2-Na), which contains a large hydrophobic group of 30 carbon atoms, was synthesized. R-11-2-Na forms wormlike micelles in the presence of the equimolar organic salt choline chloride, endowing solutions with strong viscoelasticity. The wormlike micellar solutions were investigated using rheology, small-angle X-ray scattering, and freeze-fracture transmission electron microscopy (FF-TEM) methods at 25 °C. Due to the strong van der Waals interactions caused by the large hydrophobic group contained in R-11-2-Na, the zero-shear viscosity (η0) of solutions showed extremely strong dependence on the concentration with an exponent of 23.4. The cross-sectional diameter of the wormlike micelles in the present system was significantly larger than that of the wormlike micelles formed by surfactants containing conventional alkyl tails. This finding may be attributed to the steric hindrance brought by the bulky and rigid dehydroabietic acid unit in the hydrophobic part. The wormlike micelles also showed high tolerance to the organic salt concentration. The present study reveals the notable qualities of rosin-based derivatives in forming complex fluids and facilitates new utilizations of forest resources.

MATERIALS
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Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Dehydroabietic acid, ≥95% (LC/MS-ELSD)