• Home
  • Search Results
  • Tuning Lignin Characteristics by Fractionation: A Versatile Approach Based on Solvent Extraction and Membrane-Assisted Ultrafiltration.

Tuning Lignin Characteristics by Fractionation: A Versatile Approach Based on Solvent Extraction and Membrane-Assisted Ultrafiltration.

Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) (2020-06-27)
Chiara Allegretti, Oussama Boumezgane, Letizia Rossato, Alberto Strini, Julien Troquet, Stefano Turri, Gianmarco Griffini, Paola D'Arrigo
ABSTRACT

Technical lignins, typically obtained from the biorefining of lignocellulosic raw materials, represent a highly abundant natural aromatic feedstock with high potential in a sustainable economy scenario, especially considering the huge primary production volumes and the inherently renewable nature of this resource. One of the main drawbacks in their full exploitation is their high variability and heterogeneity in terms of chemical composition and molecular weight distribution. Within this context, the availability of effective and robust fractionation processes represents a key requirement for the effective valorization of lignin. In the present work, a multistep fractionation of two different well known technical lignins obtained from two distinct delignification processes (soda vs. kraft pulping) was described. A comprehensive approach combining solvent extraction in organic or aqueous medium with membrane-assisted ultrafiltration was developed in order to maximize the process versatility. The obtained lignin fractions were thoroughly characterized in terms of their chemical, physical, thermal, and structural properties, highlighting the ability of the proposed approach to deliver consistent and reproducible fractions of well-controlled and predictable characteristics, irrespective of their biomass origin. The results of this study demonstrate the versatility and the reliability of this integrated multistep fractionation method, which can be easily adapted to different solvent media using the same ultrafiltration membrane set up, thereby enhancing the potential applicability of this approach in an industrial scale-up perspective for a large variety of starting raw lignins.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Folin & Ciocalteu′s phenol reagent, 2 M (with respect to acid)
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Chloro-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaphospholane, 95%
Sigma-Aldrich
Chromium(III) acetylacetonate, 99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
N-Hydroxy-5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboxylic acid imide, 97%