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Mangiferin: An effective therapeutic agent against several disorders (Review).

Molecular medicine reports (2018-10-04)
Suya Du, Huirong Liu, Tiantian Lei, Xiaofang Xie, Hailian Wang, Xia He, Rongsheng Tong, Yi Wang

Mangiferin (1,3,6,7‑tetrahydroxyxanthone‑C2‑β‑D‑glucoside) is a bioactive ingredient predominantly isolated from the mango tree, with potent antioxidant activity and multifactorial pharmacological effects, including antidiabetic, antitumor, lipometabolism regulating, cardioprotective, anti‑hyperuricemic, neuroprotective, antioxidant, anti‑inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, antibacterial, antiviral and immunomodulatory effects. Therefore, it possesses several health‑endorsing properties and is a promising candidate for further research and development. However, low solubility, mucosal permeability and bioavailability restrict the development of mangiferin as a clinical therapeutic, and chemical and physical modification is required to expand its application. This review comprehensively analyzed and collectively summarized the primary pharmacological actions of mangiferin that have been demonstrated in the literature, to support the potential future development of mangiferin as a novel therapeutic drug.

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Mangiferin Mangifera indica