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  • Nature-inspired topographies on hydroxyapatite surfaces regulate stem cells behaviour.

Nature-inspired topographies on hydroxyapatite surfaces regulate stem cells behaviour.

Bioactive materials (2020-10-27)
Yogambha Ramaswamy, Iman Roohani, Young Jung No, Genevieve Madafiglio, Frank Chang, Furong Zhang, Zufu Lu, Hala Zreiqat
ABSTRACT

Surface topography is one of the key factors in regulating interactions between materials and cells. While topographies presented to cells in vivo are non-symmetrical and in complex shapes, current fabrication techniques are limited to replicate these complex geometries. In this study, we developed a microcasting technique and successfully produced imprinted hydroxyapatite (HAp) surfaces with nature-inspired (honeycomb, pillars, and isolated islands) topographies. The in vitro biological performance of the developed non-symmetrical topographies was evaluated using adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). We demonstrated that ADSCs cultured on all HAp surfaces, except honeycomb patterns, presented well-defined stress fibers and expressed focal adhesion protein (paxillin) molecules. Isolated islands topographies significantly promoted osteogenic differentiation of ADSCs with increased alkaline phosphatase activity and upregulation of key osteogenic markers, compared to the other topographies and the control unmodified (flat) HAp surface. In contrast, honeycomb topographies hampered the ability of the ADSCs to proliferate and differentiate to the osteogenic lineage. This work presents a facile technique to imprint nature-derived topographies on the surface of bioceramics which opens up opportunities for the development of bioresponsive interfaces in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Ammonium phosphate dibasic, BioUltra, ≥99.0% (T)
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium nitrate tetrahydrate, ≥99.0%
Supelco
Calcium standard for AAS, analytical standard, 1.000 g/L Ca+2 in hydrochloric acid, traceable to BAM