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  • EZH2 inhibitory protein (EZHIP/Cxorf67) expression correlates strongly with H3K27me3 loss in posterior fossa ependymomas and is mutually exclusive with H3K27M mutations.

EZH2 inhibitory protein (EZHIP/Cxorf67) expression correlates strongly with H3K27me3 loss in posterior fossa ependymomas and is mutually exclusive with H3K27M mutations.

Brain tumor pathology (2020-11-02)
Aruna Nambirajan, Agrima Sharma, Madhu Rajeshwari, Meher Tej Boorgula, Ramesh Doddamani, Ajay Garg, Vaishali Suri, Chitra Sarkar, Mehar Chand Sharma
ABSTRACT

The PFA molecular subgroup of posterior fossa ependymomas (PF-EPNs) shows poor outcome. H3K27me3 (me3) loss by immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a surrogate marker for PFA wherein its loss is attributed to overexpression of Cxorf67/EZH2 inhibitory protein (EZHIP), C17orf96, and ATRX loss. We aimed to subgroup PF-EPNs using me3 IHC and study correlations of the molecular subgroups with other histone related proteins, 1q gain, Tenascin C and outcome. IHC for me3, acetyl-H3K27, H3K27M, ATRX, EZH2, EZHIP, C17orf96, Tenascin-C, and fluorescence in-situ hybridisation for chromosome 1q25 locus were performed on an ambispective PF-EPN cohort (2003-2019). H3K27M-mutant gliomas were included for comparison. Among 69 patients, PFA (me3 loss) constituted 64%. EZHIP overexpression and 1q gain were exclusive to PFA seen in 72% and 19%, respectively. Tenascin C was more frequently positive in PFA (p = 0.02). H3K27M expression and ATRX loss were noted in one case of PFA-EPN each. All H3K27M-mutant gliomas (n = 8) and PFA-EPN (n = 1) were EZHIP negative. C17orf96 and acetyl-H3K27 expression did not correlate with me3 loss. H3K27me3 is a robust surrogate for PF-EPN molecular subgrouping. EZHIP overexpression was exclusive to PFA EPNs and was characteristically absent in midline gliomas and the rare PFA harbouring H3K27M mutations representing mutually exclusive pathways leading to me3 loss.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-CXorf67 antibody produced in rabbit, Prestige Antibodies® Powered by Atlas Antibodies, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous glycerol solution
Sigma-Aldrich
Anti-ATRX antibody produced in rabbit, Prestige Antibodies® Powered by Atlas Antibodies, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous glycerol solution