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Constitutively Activated DAP12 Induces Functional Anti-Tumor Activation and Maturation of Human Monocyte-Derived DC.

International journal of molecular sciences (2021-01-31)
Robert Dalton, Alexandra Calescibetta, Jun Min Zhou, Michelle Maurin, Grace Ward, Thu Le Trinh, Nhan Tu, Danielle Gilvary, Xianghong Chen, Pingyan Cheng, Elena Kostenko, Sheng Wei, Kenneth L Wright, Erika A Eksioglu
ABSTRACT

Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen presenting cells with a great capacity for cross-presentation of exogenous antigens from which robust anti-tumor immune responses ensue. However, this function is not always available and requires DCs to first be primed to induce their maturation. In particular, in the field of DC vaccine design, currently available methodologies have been limited in eliciting a sustained anti-tumor immune response. Mechanistically, part of the maturation response is influenced by the presence of stimulatory receptors relying on ITAM-containing activating adaptor molecules like DAP12, that modulates their function. We hypothesize that activating DAP12 in DC could force their maturation and enhance their potential anti-tumor activity for therapeutic intervention. For this purpose, we developed constitutively active DAP12 mutants that can promote activation of monocyte-derived DC. Here we demonstrate its ability to induce the maturation and activation of monocyte-derived DCs which enhances migration, and T cell stimulation in vitro using primary human cells. Moreover, constitutively active DAP12 stimulates a strong immune response in a murine melanoma model leading to a reduction of tumor burden. This provides proof-of-concept for investigating the pre-activation of antigen presenting cells to enhance the effectiveness of anti-tumor immunotherapies.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Phosphatase Inhibitor Cocktail 1, DMSO solution
Sigma-Aldrich
Phosphatase Inhibitor Cocktail 2, aqueous solution (dark coloration may develop upon storage, which does not affect the activity)
Sigma-Aldrich
O-Phospho-L-tyrosine