Merck
  • Development of a new dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction method in a narrow-bore tube for preconcentration of triazole pesticides from aqueous samples.

Development of a new dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction method in a narrow-bore tube for preconcentration of triazole pesticides from aqueous samples.

Analytica chimica acta (2011-12-28)
Mir Ali Farajzadeh, Djavanshir Djozan, Parisa Khorram
ABSTRACT

In the present work a new, simple, rapid and environmentally friendly dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) method has been developed for extraction/preconcentration of some triazole pesticides in aqueous samples and in grape juice. The extract was analyzed with gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID) or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The DLLME method was performed in a narrow-bore tube containing aqueous sample. Acetonitrile and a mixture of n-hexanol and n-hexane (75:25, v/v) were used as disperser and extraction solvents, respectively. The effect of several factors that influence performance of the method, including the chemical nature and volume of the disperser and extraction solvents, number of extraction, pH and salt addition, were investigated and optimized. Figures of merit such as linearity (r(2)>0.995), enrichment factors (EFs) (263-380), limits of detection (0.3-5 μg L(-1)) and quantification (0.9-16.7 μg L(-1)), and relative standard deviations (3.2-5%) of the proposed method were satisfactory for determination of the model analytes. The method was successfully applied for determination of target pesticides in grape juice and good recoveries (74-99%) were achieved for spiked samples. As compared with the conventional DLLME, the proposed DLLME method showed higher EFs and less environmental hazards with no need for centrifuging.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
1-Hexanol, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Hexanol, ReagentPlus®, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Hexyl alcohol, natural, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Hexyl alcohol, FCC, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Hexanol, anhydrous, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Hexanol, reagent grade, 98%