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Analysis of vibrational spectra (FT-IR and FT-Raman) and nonlinear optical properties of organic 2-chloro-p-xylene.

Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy (2012-04-19)
M Govindarajan, M Karabacak
ABSTRACT

In this work, the vibrational spectral analysis was carried out by using FT-Raman and FT-IR spectroscopy in the range 100-4000cm(-1) and 400-4000cm(-1) respectively, for the title molecule. The molecular structure, fundamental vibrational frequencies and intensity of the vibrational bands are interpreted with the aid of structure optimizations and normal coordinate force field calculations based on Hartree-Fock (HF) and density functional theory (DFT) method with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. The complete vibrational assignments of wavenumbers were made on the basis of potential energy distribution (PED). The scaled B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) results show the best agreement with the experimental values over the other method. The influences due to the substitution of halogen bond and methyl group were investigated. The results of the calculations are applied to simulate the vibrational spectra of the title compound, which show excellent agreement with observed spectra. The absorption energy and oscillator strength are calculated by time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT). Besides, frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs), molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), and thermodynamic properties were performed. Mulliken charges of the title molecule were also calculated and interpreted. The dipole moment, linear polarizability and first hyperpolarizability values were also computed.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
p-Xylene, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
p-Xylene, anhydrous, ≥99%
Supelco
p-Xylene solution, certified reference material, 5000 μg/mL in methanol
Supelco
p-Xylene, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Sigma-Aldrich
p-Xylene, suitable for HPLC, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
p-Xylene, puriss. p.a., ≥99.0% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
p-Xylene, ReagentPlus®, 99%