Merck
  • Microemulsions as reaction media for the synthesis of mixed oxide nanoparticles: relationships between microemulsion structure, reactivity, and nanoparticle characteristics.

Microemulsions as reaction media for the synthesis of mixed oxide nanoparticles: relationships between microemulsion structure, reactivity, and nanoparticle characteristics.

Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids (2013-01-12)
Carolina Aubery, Conxita Solans, Sylvain Prevost, Michael Gradzielski, Margarita Sanchez-Dominguez
ABSTRACT

Phase behavior, dynamics, and structure of W/O microemulsions of the system aqueous solution/Synperonic 13_6.5/1-hexanol/isooctane were studied, with the goal of determining their effect on Mn-Zn ferrite nanoparticle formation, kinetics and characteristics. Microemulsion structure and dynamics were studied systematically by conductivity, dynamic light scattering (DLS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). The main effect of cosurfactant 1-hexanol was a decrease in microemulsion regions as compared to the systems without cosurfactant; nevertheless, overlap of microemulsion regions in the systems with precursor salts (PS) and precipitating agent (PA) was achieved at lower S/O ratios, compared to the system without cosurfactant. At 50 °C, PA microemulsions are nonpercolated, while PS microemulsions are percolated. SANS indicates small prolate ellipsoidal micelles with the absence of free water up to 18 wt % PS solution; DSC studies confirm the absence of free water in this composition range. Kinetic studies show an increase in the reaction rate with increasing concentration of the aqueous solution; but the most significant effect in reaction kinetics was noted when cosurfactant was used, regardless of microemulsion dynamics and structure. On the other hand, the main difference regarding the characteristics of the obtained nanoparticles was observed when bicontinuous microemulsions were used as reaction media which resulted in 8 nm nanoparticles, versus a constant size of ~4 nm obtained with all other microemulsions regardless of aqueous solution content, dynamics, and presence or absence of cosurfactant. The latter effect of constant size is attributed to the fact that the water present is dominantly bound to the EO units of the surfactant.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Hexyl alcohol, FCC, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Hexanol, reagent grade, 98%
Supelco
1-Hexanol, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Hexanol, anhydrous, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
1-Hexanol, ReagentPlus®, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Hexyl alcohol, natural, ≥98%, FCC, FG