Merck

Cardiometabolic phenotype in children with obesity.

The Journal of pediatrics (2014-09-23)
Procolo Di Bonito, Nicola Moio, Gerolamo Sibilio, Luigi Cavuto, Eduardo Sanguigno, Claudia Forziato, Giovanni de Simone, Brunella Capaldo
ABSTRACT

To investigate the anthropometric and metabolic correlates of different patterns of left ventricular (LV) geometry in a cohort of outpatient children with high prevalence of obesity. Anthropometric measures, lipid profile, blood pressure (BP), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and echocardiographic variables were evaluated in 281 white children (6-16 years), of whom 105 were obese and 105 were morbidly obese. Patterns of LV geometry were defined as follows: normal geometry, eccentric LV hypertrophy (LVH), concentric LV remodeling, and concentric LVH. One hundred forty-eight children exhibited normal LV geometry, 53 eccentric LVH, 36 concentric LV remodeling, and 44 concentric LVH. The 4 groups differed in body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, triglycerides/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (Tg/HDL-C), and BP (P < .05-.0001). A statistically significant impairment of diastolic function (expressed as greater E/E', P < .002) was observed across patterns of LV geometry. Among anthropometric measures, waist-to-height ratio showed better performance in relation to LVH, with an optimal cut-point of 0.58, compared with body mass index and waist circumference. Children with concentric LVH exhibited the worst metabolic risk profile, with greater prevalence of visceral obesity, high Tg/HDL-C, high BP, and high-normal FPG, than children with normal LV geometry. In children with high levels of obesity, an unfavorable "cardiometabolic phenotype" can be identified, which includes concentric LVH, visceral obesity, high BP, high Tg/HDL-C, and high-normal FPG.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

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