Merck

Nanocrystals for luminescent solar concentrators.

Nano letters (2015-01-15)
Liam R Bradshaw, Kathryn E Knowles, Stephen McDowall, Daniel R Gamelin
ABSTRACT

Luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs) harvest sunlight over large areas and concentrate this energy onto photovoltaics or for other uses by transporting photons through macroscopic waveguides. Although attractive for lowering solar energy costs, LSCs remain severely limited by luminophore reabsorption losses. Here, we report a quantitative comparison of four types of nanocrystal (NC) phosphors recently proposed to minimize reabsorption in large-scale LSCs: two nanocrystal heterostructures and two doped nanocrystals. Experimental and numerical analyses both show that even the small core absorption of the leading NC heterostructures causes major reabsorption losses at relatively short transport lengths. Doped NCs outperform the heterostructures substantially in this critical property. A new LSC phosphor is introduced, nanocrystalline Cd(1-x)Cu(x)Se, that outperforms all other leading NCs by a significant margin in both small- and large-scale LSCs under full-spectrum conditions.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Trioctylphosphine, technical grade, 90%
Sigma-Aldrich
Trioctylphosphine, 97%