Mass spectrometry technology has enabled significant advances in detailing the alterations of the lipidome in response to pathological conditions or experimental manipulations. Lipids comprise a wide range of compounds with functions that include structural, intracellular signaling, trafficking, and storage. Characterization of lipid species has evolved significantly over recent years due to the progress made in the area of mass spectrometry. This chapter details the methods used for the analysis of lipids tailored to the intrinsic characteristics of adipose tissue. Particular attention is given to the analysis of triglycerides, diacylglycerols, and phospholipid.