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SAE0151

Sigma-Aldrich

Proteinase K from Tritirachium album

free of DNA contaminants, suitable for Microbiome research, lyophilized powder, ≥30 units/mg protein

Synonym(s):
Endopeptidase K, Proteinase K from Tritirachium album
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
MDL number:

Quality Level

specific activity

30 units/mg protein

mol wt

28.93 kDa

feature

DNA free

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.

−20°C

Related Categories

General description

Purified Proteinase K DNA free SAE0151 undergoes strict quality control testing to ensure the absence of detectable levels of contaminating DNA using 35 cycles PCR amplification of 16S and 18S rDNA using universal primer sets.

Proteinase K is a stable serine protease with broad substrate specificity. It degrades many proteins in the native state even in the presence of detergents. Proteinase K was isolated from a fungus able to grow on keratin and the enzyme can digest native keratin. The enzyme belongs to the subtilisin family with an active site catalytic triad (Asp39 -His69 -Ser224).
The predominant site of cleavage is the peptide bond adjacent to the carboxyl group of aliphatic and aromatic amino acids with blocked alpha amino groups. It is commonly used for its broad specificity. Proteinase K is usually denatured by subsequent phenol extractions.

The study of microbial communities has been revolutionized in recent years by the widespread adoption of culture independent analytical techniques such as 16S rRNA gene sequencing and metagenomics. Since DNA contamination during sample preparation is a major problem of these sequence-based approaches, DNA extraction reagents free of DNA contaminates are essential.

Application

  • Proteinase K is frequently used in molecular biology applications to digest unwanted proteins, such as nucleases from DNA or RNA preparations from microorganisms, cultured cells, and plants.
  • Removes endotoxins that bind to cationic proteins such as lysozyme and ribonuclease A useful for the isolation of hepatic, yeast, and mung bean mitochondria.
  • Determination of enzyme localization on membranes
  • Treatment of paraffin embedded tissue sections to expose antigen binding sites for antibody labeling.
  • Digestion of proteins from brain tissue samples for prions in Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE) research.
Useful for the proteolytic inactivation of nucleases during the isolation of DNA and RNA.
Removes endotoxins that bind to cationic proteins such as lysozyme and ribonuclease A.
Reported useful for the isolation of hepatic, yeast, and mung bean mitochondria
Determination of enzyme localization on membranes
Treatment of paraffin embedded tissue sections to expose antigen binding sites for antibody labeling.
Digestion of proteins from brain tissue samples for prions in Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE) research.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Proteinase K is a stable and highly reactive serine protease. Evidence from crystal and molecular structure studies indicates the enzyme belongs to the subtilisin family with an active-site catalytic triad (Asp39-His69-Ser224). It is stable in a broad range of environments: pH, buffer salts, detergents (SDS), and temperature. In the presence of 0.1-0.5% SDS, proteinase K retains activity and will digest a variety of proteins and nucleases in DNA preparations without compromising the integrity of the isolated DNA.

Features and Benefits

Purified Proteinase K DNA free SAE0151 undergoes strict quality control testing to ensure it will be free of DNA contaminants, suitable for Microbiome research.

Unit Definition

One unit will hydrolyze urea denatured hemoglobin to produce color equivalent to 1.0 micromole of tyrosine per minute at pH 7.5, 37°C (color per Folin-Ciocalteu reagent).

Preparation Note

Proteinase K is active in 1% Triton X-100 and in 0.5% (w/v) SDS. SDS and urea will denature protein substrates resulting in increased digestion rates. Proteinase K itself is denatured much more slowly by these agents.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Resp. Sens. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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