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258105

Sigma-Aldrich

Sulfuric acid

ACS reagent, 95.0-98.0%

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Linear Formula:
H2SO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
98.08
Beilstein:
2037554
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

Agency

suitable for EPA 1613
suitable for SM 4500 - NH3
suitable for SM 5210

vapor density

<0.3 (25 °C, vs air)

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 146 °C)

description

Free from suspended or insoluble matter
Nominally 95-98% H2SO4

Assay

95.0-98.0%

form

liquid

ign. residue

≤5 ppm

color

APHA: ≤10

pH

1.2 (5 g/L)

bp

~290 °C (lit.)

density

1.840 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

MnO4- reducers: ≤2 ppm
chloride (Cl-): ≤0.2 ppm
nitrate (NO3-): ≤0.5 ppm

cation traces

As: ≤0.01 ppm
Fe: ≤0.2 ppm
Hg: ≤5 ppb
NH4+: ≤2 ppm
heavy metals (as Pb): ≤1 ppm

SMILES string

OS(O)(=O)=O

InChI

1S/H2O4S/c1-5(2,3)4/h(H2,1,2,3,4)

InChI key

QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
30743-M07208-M84727
Sulfuric acid ACS reagent, 95.0-98.0%

258105

Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid puriss. p.a., for determination of Hg, ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., 95.0-97.0%

30743-M

Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, 95-97%

07208-M

Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid for the determination of nitrogen, &#8805;97.0%

84727

Sulfuric acid

assay

95.0-98.0%

assay

95.0-97.0%

assay

95-97%

assay

≥97.0%

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

100

agency

suitable for EPA 1613, suitable for SM 5210, suitable for SM 4500 - NH3

agency

USP/NF, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur.

agency

-

agency

suitable for SM 4500 - NH3

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

solution

form

liquid

pH

1.2 (5 g/L)

pH

1.2 (5 g/L)

pH

-

pH

-

Application

Sulfuric acid can be used as a catalyst:
  • In the hydrolysis of primary or secondary nitroalkane salts to aldehydes or ketones.
  • In the selective hydrolysis of nitriles to amides.
  • To synthesize amides of t-alkylcarbinamines via Ritter reaction between nitriles and alkenes.
  • To prepare 3,4-dialkyl-2(5H)-furanones by carbonylation of α,β-unsaturated aldehydes.
  • In the nitration of aromatic carbocycles and heteroaromatic compounds.
  • In the Friedel–Craft ketone synthesis using anhydrides via α-amidoalkylation reaction.

H2SO4 can also be used in the following reactions:
  • Michael′s addition reactions
  • Electrophilic substitution reactions
  • Esterification of highly hindered aromatic acids
  • Aldol condensation reaction
  • Beckmann rearrangement
  • Hofmann–Loffler–Freytag reaction
  • Isomerization
  • Dehydrogenation
  • Sulfonation

Other Notes

ACS specifications same as product 320501
4L and 4X4L are packaged in poly bottles
SKU-Pack sizes with -PC are packaged in PVC coated glass bottles.

Pictograms

Corrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1A

Storage Class Code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable


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Tim Olding et al.
Physics in medicine and biology, 56(5), 1259-1279 (2011-02-03)
This work develops imaging protocols for improved dose readout of a Fricke-xylenol orange-gelatin (FXG) gel-filled 1 L polyethylene terephthalate (PETE) jar dosimeter using a commercial Vista(TM) cone-beam optical computed tomography (CT) scanner from Modus Medical Devices Inc. (London, ON, Canada).
Determination of mercury in natural waters and effluents by flameless atomic absorption spectrophotometry.
S H Omang
Analytica chimica acta, 53(2), 415-419 (1971-02-01)
Self-Ordering of Cell Arrangement of Anodic Porous Alumina Formed in Sulfuric Acid Solution.
Masuda H, et al.
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 144(5), L127-L130 (1997)
Jing Li et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1404, 39-43 (2015-06-09)
The paper reports on a novel method for rapid determination of carbonyl in lignins by headspace gas chromatography (HS-GC). The method involves the quantitative carbonyl reduction for aldehydes in 2min at room temperature or for acetones in 30min at 80°C
Investigation of the kinetics and mechanism of the anodic oxidation of aniline in aqueous sulfuric acid solution at a platinum electrode.
Mohilner DM, et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 84(19), 3618-3622 (1962)

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