Merck
All Photos(1)

33209-M

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetic acid

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.8%

Synonym(s):
Glacial acetic acid
Linear Formula:
CH3CO2H
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
60.05
Beilstein:
506007
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Quality Level

Agency

USP/NF
reag. ISO
reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

2.07 (vs air)

assay

≥99.8%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

800 °F

expl. lim.

16 %, 92 °F
4 %, 59 °F

technique(s)

mass spectrometry (MS): suitable

impurities

≤0.0002% acetaldehyde
≤0.0005% non-volatile matter
≤0.002% KMnO4 red. matter (as HCOOH)
≤0.01% acetic anhydride (GC)
≤0.2% water (Karl Fischer)

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.371 (lit.)

pH

2.4 (60.05 g/L)

bp

117-118 °C (lit.)

mp

16.2 °C (lit.)

transition temp

freezing point ≥16.3 °C

density

1.049 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.5 mg/kg
phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.5 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.5 mg/kg

cation traces

Ag: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Al: ≤0.05 mg/kg
As: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Be: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.2 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.2 mg/kg
Ge: ≤0.05 mg/kg
K: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Na: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Ti: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Tl: ≤0.05 mg/kg
V: ≤0.01 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Zr: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

CC(O)=O

suitability

passes test for indifference to chromic acid

InChI

1S/C2H4O2/c1-2(3)4/h1H3,(H,3,4)

InChI key

QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Acetic acid is an organic carboxylic acid. It is a hygroscopic liquid having a pungent odor. Its anhydrous form is commonly referred as glacial acetic acid. It forms dimers linked by hydrogen bonds in solution and gaseous phases. It is weakly acidic in nature.

Application

Acetic acid has been used in the analysis of synthetic peptides by electron transfer dissociation (ETD) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). It may be used in the preparation of peroxyacetic acid (disinfectant), via reaction with perhydrol (30% hydrogen peroxide).
for use as solvent for perchloric acid titration

Packaging

In PE-bottles; also available Glass-bottles (Material no. ending with *-GL)

Pictograms

FlameCorrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1A

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

104.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

40 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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