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Guanidine hydrochloride

BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (AT)

Aminoformamidine hydrochloride, Aminomethanamidine hydrochloride, Guanidinium chloride
Linear Formula:
NH2C(=NH)NH2 · HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

biological source



for molecular biology

product line



≥99.5% (AT)


powder or crystals


RNA extraction: suitable


DNases, none detected
RNases, none detected
insoluble matter, passes filter test
phosphatases, none detected
proteases, none detected

ign. residue

≤0.05% (as SO4)


≤0.05% loss on drying, 20 °C (HV)


colorless to white,


4.5-6.0 (25 °C, 6 M in H2O)


180-185 °C (lit.)


H2O: 6 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless


1.3 g/cm3 (lit.)

anion traces

sulfate (SO42-): ≤50 mg/kg

cation traces

Al: ≤5 mg/kg
As: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ba: ≤5 mg/kg
Bi: ≤5 mg/kg
Ca: ≤10 mg/kg
Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
Co: ≤5 mg/kg
Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
K: ≤50 mg/kg
Li: ≤5 mg/kg
Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
Mo: ≤5 mg/kg
Na: ≤50 mg/kg
Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
Sr: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

SMILES string



6 M in H2O

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.03
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.02

storage temp.

room temp



InChI key


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General description

Guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl) is a well-known protein and enzyme denaturant. It is a small molecule and hydroscopic in nature.


Guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl) has been used as a component of the phosphate buffer saline (PBS) for the incubation of Schlemm′s canal (SC) cells. It has also been used as a component of the digestion buffer for the gelation and expansion of human HeLa229 cells. GdnHCl is also used to isolate RNA.
Strong chaotropic agent useful for the denaturation and subsequent refolding of proteins. This strong denaturant can solubilize insoluble or denatured proteins such as inclusion bodies. This can be used as the first step in refolding proteins or enzymes into their active form. Urea and dithiothreitol (DTT) may also be necessary.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl) is involved in conformational changes and loss of enzyme activity due to inactivation of the enzyme. It is involved in the loss of activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) enzyme in Haliotis diversicolor. GdnHCl functions by hampering the activity of heat shock protein 104 (Hsp104) adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) in vivo. It can also inactivate enzymes like papain and aminocyclase. Higher concentrations of GdnHCl leads to viral inactivation of herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1).


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Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

More documents

Quotes and Ordering

Tobias C Kunz et al.
Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology, 9, 276-276 (2019-08-27)
Expansion microscopy (ExM) is a novel tool to improve the resolution of fluorescence-based microscopy that has not yet been used to visualize intracellular pathogens. Here we show the expansion of the intracellular pathogen Chlamydia trachomatis, enabling to differentiate its two
Jin Hua Liao et al.
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, 158(2), 323-333 (2008-10-22)
Abalone, a kind of low poikilothermic invertebrate, is easily exposed to ocean environment stress. Since it is one of the important mariculture animals, the attention paid to the abalone study becomes increasing. Alkaline phosphatase (ALPase, EC is a kind
Current protocols in protein science, 84, A-A (2016-04-03)
The reagents and methods for purification and use of the most commonly used denaturants, guanidine hydrochloride (guanidine-HCl) and urea, are described. Other protein denaturants and reagents used to fold proteins are briefly mentioned. Sulfhydryl reagents (reducing agents) and "oxido-shuffling" (or
Christa Meingast et al.
Biotechnology progress, 36(2), e2931-e2931 (2019-10-18)
Arginine synergistically inactivates enveloped viruses at a pH or temperature that does little harm to proteins, making it a desired process for therapeutic protein manufacturing. However, the mechanisms and optimal conditions for inactivation are not fully understood, and therefore, arginine
Courtney R Johnson et al.
eLife, 9 (2020-01-29)
Septin proteins evolved from ancestral GTPases and co-assemble into hetero-oligomers and cytoskeletal filaments. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, five septins comprise two species of hetero-octamers, Cdc11/Shs1-Cdc12-Cdc3-Cdc10-Cdc10-Cdc3-Cdc12-Cdc11/Shs1. Slow GTPase activity by Cdc12 directs the choice of incorporation of Cdc11 vs Shs1, but many


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