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Diren Beyoğlu et al.
Journal of lipid research, 55(11), 2309-2319 (2014-09-07)
A lipidomic and metabolomic investigation of serum and liver from mice was performed to gain insight into the tumor suppressor gene Hint1. A major reprogramming of lipid homeostasis was found in both serum and liver of Hint1-null (Hint(-/-)) mice, with
Wenjiao Wang et al.
Plant molecular biology, 87(3), 219-233 (2014-12-30)
Most land plants have a wax layer which covers their aerial parts to protect them from environmental stresses, such as drought, UV radiation, and pathogenic invasion. The wax biosynthesis has been well studied previously in Arabidopsis, but it still remains
Yang Bo et al.
Toxicology mechanisms and methods, 24(7), 461-469 (2014-06-27)
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-TiO2) have been widely applied in daily life and subsequent problem on the potential health risk are raised. Studies on the toxicity of nano-TiO2 have shown that they could lead to toxic effects on human and environment.
Qiao Zhao et al.
Phytochemistry, 112, 170-178 (2014-08-12)
Pinoresinol reductase (PrR) catalyzes the conversion of the lignan (-)-pinoresinol to (-)-lariciresinol in Arabidopsis thaliana, where it is encoded by two genes, PrR1 and PrR2, that appear to act redundantly. PrR1 is highly expressed in lignified inflorescence stem tissue, whereas
Xianqin Wang et al.
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 38(3), 470-475 (2015-03-12)
Numerous people die of paraquat (PQ) poisoning every year in the world. Although several studies regarding paraquat (PQ) poisoning have been conducted, the metabolic changes in plasma remain unknown. In this study, the metabolomics of 15 PQ poisoned patients with
Na Huang et al.
Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry, 15(9), 1785-1792 (2014-05-28)
Composite hydrogels--macroscopic hydrogels with embedded microgel particles--are expected to respond to external stimuli quickly because microgels swell much faster than bulky gels. In this work, the kinetics of the pH-induced swelling of a composite hydrogel are studied using turbidity measurements.
Sing Teang Kong et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e108190-e108190 (2014-09-26)
To facilitate therapeutic monitoring of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) by healthcare professionals for patients with epilepsy (PWE), we applied a GC-MS assay to measure three AEDs: carbamazepine (CBZ), phenytoin (PHT) and valproic acid (VPA) levels concurrently in one dried blood spot
Magda Caban et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1346, 107-116 (2014-05-13)
This paper discusses a new silylating reagent - dimethyl(3,3,3-trifluoropropyl)silyldiethylamine (DIMETRIS) - for the derivatisation of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) prior to GC-MS analysis. DIMETRIS reacts with seven target compounds (diclofenac, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, naproxen, flurbiprofen and paracetamol, as well as salicylic
Toshiaki Yoshida
Biomarkers : biochemical indicators of exposure, response, and susceptibility to chemicals, 20(1), 71-76 (2015-01-15)
A fluorine-containing pyrethroid metofluthrin is widely used recently in mosquito repellents. The urinary excretion kinetics of its metabolites was evaluated in rats to establish an optimal biomarker for monitoring metofluthrin exposure of the general population. After metofluthrin had been administered
Jie Shen et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 8651-8651 (2015-03-04)
It is technically challenging to investigate the function of secreted protein in real time by supply of conditioned medium that contains secreted protein of interest. The internalization of anthrax toxin is facilitated by a secreted protein Dickkopf-1 (DKK1) and its
Andreas Üllen et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 93(4), 470-481 (2015-01-13)
Hypochlorous acid added as reagent or generated by the myeloperoxidase (MPO)-H2O2-Cl(-) system oxidatively modifies brain ether-phospholipids (plasmalogens). This reaction generates a sn2-acyl-lysophospholipid and chlorinated fatty aldehydes. 2-Chlorohexadecanal (2-ClHDA), a prototypic member of chlorinated long-chain fatty aldehydes, has potent neurotoxic potential
Letian Shan et al.
Molecular bioSystems, 10(11), 2965-2973 (2014-08-22)
Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a commonly occurring disease, threatening human health and life quality. Lack of a gold standard of diagnosis has hindered the efficiency and efficacy of clinical therapy against LDH. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has provided an
Yu-Xuan Lu et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e99948-e99948 (2014-06-14)
A strategy known as diapause (developmental arrest) has evolved in insects to increase their survival rate under harsh environmental conditions. Diapause causes a dramatic reduction in the metabolic rate and drastically extends lifespan. However, little is known about the mechanisms
Amanda Ruprecht et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 197(8), 1360-1367 (2015-02-04)
The acyl coenzyme A (acyl-CoA) dehydrogenases (ACADs) FadE34 and CasC, encoded by the cholesterol and cholate gene clusters of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Rhodococcus jostii RHA1, respectively, were successfully purified. Both enzymes differ from previously characterized ACADs in that they contain
Kai Lun Chang et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e104621-e104621 (2014-08-08)
Findings from epidemiology, preclinical and clinical studies indicate that consumption of coffee could have beneficial effects against dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The benefits appear to come from caffeinated coffee, but not decaffeinated coffee or pure caffeine itself. Therefore, the
Hanna N Wetzel et al.
International immunopharmacology, 23(2), 387-390 (2014-12-03)
The chimeric human/mouse anti-cocaine monoclonal antibody (mAb) 2E2 and its further humanized variant h2E2 have been reported to sequester a significant portion of cocaine in plasma and decrease cocaine concentrations in the brain in mice and rats. However, many cocaine
Miles Trupp et al.
Journal of Parkinson's disease, 4(3), 549-560 (2014-06-15)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive, multi-focal neurodegenerative disease for which there is no effective disease modifying treatment. A critical requirement for designing successful clinical trials is the development of robust and reproducible biomarkers identifying PD in preclinical stages. To
Kalaiselvi Senthil et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123360-e0123360 (2015-04-16)
Free radical scavenging activity (FRSA), total phenolic content (TPC), and total flavonoid content (TFC) of in vitro cultured and field grown Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) roots were investigated. Withanolides analysis and comprehensive metabolic profiling between 100% methanol extracts of in vitro
Siddharth Jambhrunkar et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 11(10), 3642-3655 (2014-08-29)
Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MCM-41) with different surface chemistry were used as carrier system to study its influence on drug delivery and anticancer activity of curcumin (CUR). CUR was encapsulated in pristine MCM-41 (hydrophilic and negatively charged), amino functionalized MCM-41 (MCM-41-NH2
Ning Chen et al.
Cytotechnology, 66(6), 945-966 (2013-12-03)
Optimization of cell culture processes can benefit from the systematic analysis of experimental data and their organization in mathematical models, which can be used to decipher the effect of individual process variables on multiple outputs of interest. Towards this goal
Minghua Nie et al.
The Science of the total environment, 487, 785-791 (2013-12-25)
The occurrence and multi-phase distribution of six environmental estrogen compounds were investigated in a drinking water reservoir area by analyzing estrogens in suspended particulate matter (SPM), filtrate (conventional dissolved phase, <1 μm), permeate (truly soluble phase, <1 kDa) and retentate
Mihi Yang et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 14, 265-265 (2014-07-27)
Korean red ginseng (KRG) is a processed ginseng from raw ginseng to enhance safety, preservation and efficacy, known having beneficial effects on women's health due to its estrogen like function. While estrogen supplementation showed some modulation of endocrine disrupting chemicals
Minghua Nie et al.
Chemosphere, 127, 109-116 (2015-02-14)
The occurrence and distribution of six selected estrogen compounds were investigated in samples of surface water, suspended particulate matter (SPM), and sediment in the Yangtze Estuary and its coastal areas over four seasons. With the exception of 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), all
Bin Huang et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 21(22), 12898-12908 (2014-07-01)
The occurrence and behavior of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in sewage treatment plants (STPs), especially estrogens and phenols, have been closely concerned in previous studies. However, the systematical researches about progestogens and androgens were scarce in STPs adopting different treatment
Meiling Zhang et al.
Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin, 62(6), 505-507 (2014-06-03)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is the second leading cause of toxin-related deaths in the operational site. Its main target organs of toxic effects are the central nervous system and respiratory system. In this study, we developed a serum metabonomic method, based
Toshiaki Yoshida
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 37(3), 1123-1128 (2014-05-06)
Recently, a pyrethroid profluthrin [(2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-4-methylphenyl)methyl 2,2-dimethyl-3-(prop-1-enyl)cyclopropane-1-carboxylate] is widely used as mothproof repellents in indoors. The urinary excretion kinetics of its metabolites was examined in rats to search for urinary metabolites suitable as biomarkers of profluthrin exposure in the general population.
Qi Qiu et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 14, 232-232 (2014-07-12)
Chinese medicine syndromes (Zheng) in many disease models are not clearly characterized or validated, and the concepts of Chinese medicine syndromes are confounding and controversial. Metabonomics has been applied to the evaluation and classification of the Chinese medicine syndromes both
Shuli Man et al.
Steroids, 84, 17-21 (2014-03-20)
Rhizoma Paridis Saponins (RPS), which is the effective part of Rhizoma Paridis, showed strong anti-lung cancer and anti-hepatocarcinoma activities. In this research, a gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) method was developed and validated for the metabolic profiling of RPS intervention in
Andrii Piatkivskyi et al.
European journal of mass spectrometry (Chichester, England), 20(4), 337-344 (2014-11-26)
Gas-phase ion-molecule reactions [IMR] of various boron- and silicon-containing neutrals were investigated as a potential route for detecting phosphorylation within peptides in the negative ion mode. Trimethyl borate (TMB), triethyl borate (TEB) and N,O- Bis(trimethylsilyl)acetamide (TMSA), unlike diethylmethoxyborane (DEMB), diisopropoxymethylborane
Johanna Rudbäck et al.
Contact dermatitis, 70(6), 329-339 (2014-03-29)
Citronellol is a frequently used fragrance compound in consumer products. It is present in fragrance mix II, which is used for screening of contact allergy to fragrances. Because of its chemical structure, citronellol could be susceptible to autoxidation. To compare
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