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Giovanni Ganendra et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(17), 7307-7320 (2015-05-15)
The methane removal capacity of mixed methane-oxidizing bacteria (MOB) culture in a biofilter setup using autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) as a highly porous carrier material was tested. Batch experiment was performed to optimize MOB immobilization on AAC specimens where optimum
I Tanya Handa et al.
Nature, 509(7499), 218-221 (2014-05-09)
The decomposition of dead organic matter is a major determinant of carbon and nutrient cycling in ecosystems, and of carbon fluxes between the biosphere and the atmosphere. Decomposition is driven by a vast diversity of organisms that are structured in
K Y Foo et al.
Advances in colloid and interface science, 159(2), 130-143 (2010-08-03)
Water scarcity and pollution rank equal to climate change as the most urgent environmental turmoil for the 21st century. To date, the percolation of textile effluents into the waterways and aquifer systems, remain an intricate conundrum abroad the nations. With
Xia He et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(14), 6059-6068 (2015-02-27)
Fat, oil and, grease (FOG) deposits are one primary cause of sanitary sewer overflows (SSOs). While numerous studies have examined the formation of FOG deposits in sewer pipes, little is known about their biodegradation under sewer environments. In this study
Matthias Egger et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(1), 277-283 (2014-11-21)
Methane is a powerful greenhouse gas and its biological conversion in marine sediments, largely controlled by anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM), is a crucial part of the global carbon cycle. However, little is known about the role of iron oxides
Macronutrient cycles: themed issue.
Jill Crossman et al.
Environmental science. Processes & impacts, 16(7), 1548-1550 (2014-06-19)
Teodor Parella et al.
Progress in nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, 73, 17-55 (2013-08-22)
A general review of novel NMR methods to measure heteronuclear long-range proton-carbon coupling constants ((n)JCH; n>1) in small molecules is made. NMR experiments are classified in terms of NMR pulse scheme and cross-peak nature. A discussion about simplicity, general applicability
Yu-Xin Xu et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(2), 266-276 (2014-12-22)
Perlecan is a major heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycan in the arterial wall. Previous studies have linked it to atherosclerosis. Perlecan contains a core protein and three HS side chains. Its core protein has five domains (DI-DV) with disparate structures and
Laura T Beringer et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 103(9), 3026-3033 (2015-02-18)
Chitosan is a naturally occurring polysaccharide, which has proven to be an attractive candidate for bone tissue engineering, due to its ability to promote osteoblast mineralization. Electrospinning has become a well-established cell scaffold processing technique, as it produces a high
Xiaohong Sun et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(6), 4278-4285 (2014-04-18)
Carbon-coated MoO2 nanocrystallines with uniform particle size and carbon-coating morphology have been fabricated by a green and economical hydrothermal route and carbonization process. Glucose here acts as a multifunctional agent, not only as the reducing species to prepare MoO2, but
[Application of activated carbon to radiochemical analysis--adsorption behavior of inorganic ions].
S Shibata et al.
Radioisotopes, 39(5), 226-236 (1990-05-01)
Xabier Lopez et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. A, 119(27), 6981-6988 (2015-06-13)
Radical formation through homolytic X-H bond cleavage in LiH, BH, CH4, NH3, H2O, and HF is investigated using natural orbital functional theory in its recent PNOF6 implementation, which includes interelectron-pair correlation, and the results are compared to those of the
Doory Kim et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0124581-e0124581 (2015-04-16)
Correlative fluorescence light microscopy and electron microscopy allows the imaging of spatial distributions of specific biomolecules in the context of cellular ultrastructure. Recent development of super-resolution fluorescence microscopy allows the location of molecules to be determined with nanometer-scale spatial resolution.
Adina Paytan et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(12), 3636-3640 (2015-03-17)
Methane emissions in the Arctic are important, and may be contributing to global warming. While methane emission rates from Arctic lakes are well documented, methods are needed to quantify the relative contribution of active layer groundwater to the overall lake
Lauren K Woolley et al.
Vaccine, 32(34), 4333-4341 (2014-06-17)
Pig responses to recombinant subunit vaccines containing fragments of eight multifunctional adhesins of the Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (Mhp) P97/P102 paralog family formulated with Alhydrogel(®) or Montanide™ Gel01 were compared with a commercial bacterin following experimental challenge. Pigs, vaccinated intramuscularly at 9
Momoko Takahashi et al.
International journal of radiation biology, 90(12), 1125-1132 (2014-06-03)
To obtain human glioblastoma cells A172 expressing stem cell-related protein and comparison of radiosensitivity in these cells with X-rays and carbon beam. Human monolayer-type A172 glioblastoma cells were maintained in normal medium with 10% bovine serum. In order to obtain
Chi Wang et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 194, 203-209 (2014-08-26)
The Kd of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) on activated carbon (AC) was larger than that of SMX on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SC), but the competition of SMX with carbamazepine (CBZ) for adsorption sites was weaker on AC than SC. Thus, a large
Cuiya Zhang et al.
Environmental technology, 35(13-16), 1979-1988 (2014-06-25)
In this study, sequencing batch reactor (SBR) with an anaerobic/aerobic/anoxic operating mode was used to culture granular sludge. Optimal adjustment of cycle duration was achieved by the direction ofpH, oxidation reduction potential and dissolved oxygen parameters. The results showed that
Yuri Miura et al.
PloS one, 10(11), e0142645-e0142645 (2015-11-13)
An N-glycomic analysis of plasma proteins was performed in Japanese semisupercentenarians (SSCs) (mean 106.7 years), aged controls (mean 71.6 years), and young controls (mean 30.2 years) by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) using a graphitized carbon column. Characteristic N-glycans in SSCs
Wioletta Rogula-Kozłowska
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 93(4), 493-502 (2014-08-29)
The road traffic impact on the concentrations of 13 fractions of particulate matter (PM) and their components was assessed. PM was sampled at two points in Katowice (southern Poland), a background point beyond the effects of road traffic, and a
Lynsay I Blake et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0129733-e0129733 (2015-06-18)
Although cold environments are major contributors to global biogeochemical cycles, comparatively little is known about their microbial community function, structure, and limits of activity. In this study a microcosm based approach was used to investigate the effects of temperature, and
C Lee et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(5), 2391-2404 (2015-05-29)
The objective of this study was to investigate effects of encapsulated nitrate (EN) on enteric methane emission and N and energy utilization in beef heifers. Eight ruminally-cannulated beef heifers (451 ± 21 kg BW) were used in a replicated 4
Václav Mach et al.
Frontiers in microbiology, 6, 506-506 (2015-06-09)
Biological methanogenesis is linked to permanent water logged systems, e.g., rice field soils or lake sediments. In these systems the methanogenic community as well as the pathway of methane formation are well-described. By contrast, the methanogenic potential of river sediments
Michal Afri et al.
Chemistry and physics of lipids, 184, 119-128 (2014-07-30)
In our companion paper, we described the preparation and intercalation of two homologous series of dicarbonyl compounds, methyl n-oxooctadecanoates and the corresponding n-oxooctadecanoic acids (n=4-16), into DMPC liposomes. (13)C NMR chemical shift of the various carbonyls was analyzed using an
D B Bennett et al.
The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 96(24), 2062-2069 (2014-12-19)
Attempts to improve proximal load transfer and minimize stress shielding have included reducing the stiffness of femoral stems and using alternative stem materials, including carbon fiber composites. An uncemented implant (SR71) composed of a carbon-fiber-composite distal section and a porous-coated
Clare Abbenhardt et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 144(5), 714-721 (2014-03-22)
Folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism is essential for DNA synthesis, repair, and methylation. Perturbations in one-carbon metabolism have been implicated in increased risk of some cancers and may also affect inflammatory processes. We investigated these interrelated pathways to understand their relation. The
Mushtaq Mir et al.
Infection and immunity, 82(10), 4104-4117 (2014-07-23)
To persist and cause disease in the host, Mycobacterium tuberculosis must adapt to its environment during infection. Adaptations include changes in nutrient utilization and alterations in growth rate. M. tuberculosis Rv1422 is a conserved gene of unknown function that was
Mehdi Ahmadi et al.
Environmental technology, 35(17-20), 2347-2355 (2014-08-26)
The formation potential of haloacetonitriles (HANsFP) from chlorination of raw water of the Dez River in Iran was determined. Samples were collected before treatment at an intake of a water treatment plant. Tests were carried out to determine the effect
Qun Wu et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(3), 888-893 (2015-01-07)
This work investigated the biosynthetic mechanism of lichenysin, the newly identified nonvolatile matrix component in Chinese liquors. Transcriptomes were analyzed in three producers, Bacillus licheniformis CGMCC 3961, 3962, and 3963, which were isolated from Maotai-flavor liquor-making process and produced 386.3
J Boone Kauffman et al.
Ecological applications : a publication of the Ecological Society of America, 24(3), 518-527 (2014-05-20)
Mangroves are recognized to possess a variety of ecosystem services including high rates of carbon sequestration and storage. Deforestation and conversion of these ecosystems continue to be high and have been predicted to result in significant carbon emissions to the
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