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Adina Paytan et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(12), 3636-3640 (2015-03-17)
Methane emissions in the Arctic are important, and may be contributing to global warming. While methane emission rates from Arctic lakes are well documented, methods are needed to quantify the relative contribution of active layer groundwater to the overall lake
Laura T Beringer et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 103(9), 3026-3033 (2015-02-18)
Chitosan is a naturally occurring polysaccharide, which has proven to be an attractive candidate for bone tissue engineering, due to its ability to promote osteoblast mineralization. Electrospinning has become a well-established cell scaffold processing technique, as it produces a high
Chi Wang et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 194, 203-209 (2014-08-26)
The Kd of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) on activated carbon (AC) was larger than that of SMX on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SC), but the competition of SMX with carbamazepine (CBZ) for adsorption sites was weaker on AC than SC. Thus, a large
Yuri Miura et al.
PloS one, 10(11), e0142645-e0142645 (2015-11-13)
An N-glycomic analysis of plasma proteins was performed in Japanese semisupercentenarians (SSCs) (mean 106.7 years), aged controls (mean 71.6 years), and young controls (mean 30.2 years) by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) using a graphitized carbon column. Characteristic N-glycans in SSCs
Yasmeen Hassan et al.
The Science of the total environment, 505, 47-55 (2014-10-13)
There are very few studies reporting concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and novel flame retardants (FRs) or non-PBDEs in Africa and the Middle East. The present work reported concentrations of fourteen PBDE congeners and eleven non-PBDE flame retardants in
Katherine M Mullaugh et al.
Chemosphere, 107, 51-57 (2014-05-31)
Carbohydrates have been widely reported in atmospheric aerosols, but have not previously been quantified in rainwater. We have identified and quantified a series of 11 specific compounds including monosaccharides (glucose, fructose, arabinose, galactose and pinitol), disaccharides (sucrose and trehalose), sugar
Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen et al.
Human reproduction update, 19(6), 640-655 (2013-08-21)
BACKGROUND Most reproductive failures originate during the periconceptional period and are influenced by the age and the lifestyle of parents-to-be. We advance the hypothesis that these failures can arise as a partial consequence of derangements to one-carbon (1-C) metabolism (i.e.
Tomislav Ticak et al.
Archives of microbiology, 197(2), 197-209 (2014-10-17)
Two novel strains of methanogens were isolated from an estuarine sediment with the capability to utilize quaternary amines. Based on the 16S rRNA analysis, strain B1d shared 99 % sequence identity with Methanolobus vulcani PL-12/M(T) and strain Q3c shared 99
Yu Gu et al.
Bioresource technology, 196, 116-122 (2015-08-02)
It has been proven that extrusion can change the structure of rice straw and increase biogas production, but the effect of a single pretreatment is limited. Ca(OH)2 pretreatment was used to enhance the enzyme hydrolysis and biogas production of extruded
C Lee et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(5), 2391-2404 (2015-05-29)
The objective of this study was to investigate effects of encapsulated nitrate (EN) on enteric methane emission and N and energy utilization in beef heifers. Eight ruminally-cannulated beef heifers (451 ± 21 kg BW) were used in a replicated 4
Scott Weichenthal et al.
Environmental research, 132, 305-310 (2014-05-20)
Increasing evidence suggests that ultrafine particles (UFPs) may contribute to cardiorespiratory morbidity. We examined the relationship between near road UFPs and several traffic and built environment factors to identify predictors that may be used to estimate exposures in population-based studies.
Clarissa Gillmann et al.
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 88(5), 1136-1141 (2014-03-26)
To compare the relative biological effectiveness (RBE)-weighted tolerance doses for temporal lobe reactions after carbon ion radiation therapy using 2 different versions of the local effect model (LEM I vs LEM IV) for the same patient collective under identical conditions.
Qi Lu et al.
Archives of animal nutrition, 69(4), 251-266 (2015-05-13)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of supplementation of cellulase and xylanase to diets of growing goats to improve nutrient digestibility, utilisation of energy and mitigation of enteric methane emissions. The experiment was conducted in a
Yufeng Jiang et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 106, 11-18 (2014-05-20)
The status, source and health risk of street-dust-borne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Lanzhou of Northwest China were investigated. The total level of the 21 PAHs ranged from 1470 to 13,700 µg kg(-1) and that of the 16 priority PAHs
I Tanya Handa et al.
Nature, 509(7499), 218-221 (2014-05-09)
The decomposition of dead organic matter is a major determinant of carbon and nutrient cycling in ecosystems, and of carbon fluxes between the biosphere and the atmosphere. Decomposition is driven by a vast diversity of organisms that are structured in
B Franz Lang et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(16), 5926-5931 (2014-04-09)
Programmed translational bypassing is a process whereby ribosomes "ignore" a substantial interval of mRNA sequence. Although discovered 25 y ago, the only experimentally confirmed example of this puzzling phenomenon is expression of the bacteriophage T4 gene 60. Bypassing requires translational
Petra Innemanová et al.
New biotechnology, 32(6), 701-709 (2015-04-18)
Contamination by 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), an explosive extensively used by the military, represents a serious environmental problem. In this study, whey has been selected as the most technologically and economically suitable primary substrate for anaerobic in situ biodegradation of TNT. Under
Lauren K Woolley et al.
Vaccine, 32(34), 4333-4341 (2014-06-17)
Pig responses to recombinant subunit vaccines containing fragments of eight multifunctional adhesins of the Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (Mhp) P97/P102 paralog family formulated with Alhydrogel(®) or Montanide™ Gel01 were compared with a commercial bacterin following experimental challenge. Pigs, vaccinated intramuscularly at 9
Giovanni Ganendra et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(17), 7307-7320 (2015-05-15)
The methane removal capacity of mixed methane-oxidizing bacteria (MOB) culture in a biofilter setup using autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) as a highly porous carrier material was tested. Batch experiment was performed to optimize MOB immobilization on AAC specimens where optimum
[Application of activated carbon to radiochemical analysis--adsorption behavior of inorganic ions].
S Shibata et al.
Radioisotopes, 39(5), 226-236 (1990-05-01)
Kohei Ikeda et al.
Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995), 64(4), 445-452 (2014-05-23)
The authors analyze the sensitivities of source regions in East Asia to PM2.5 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of < or = 2.5 microm) concentration at Fukue Island located in the western part of Japan by using a regional
Athena D McKown et al.
Molecular ecology, 23(23), 5771-5790 (2014-10-17)
Stomata are essential for diffusive entry of gases to support photosynthesis, but may also expose internal leaf tissues to pathogens. To uncover trade-offs in range-wide adaptation relating to stomata, we investigated the underlying genetics of stomatal traits and linked variability
Xiaoguang Xu et al.
The Science of the total environment, 500-501, 373-382 (2014-09-23)
The quantity and quality of sedimentary organic matter (SOM) in relation to material and energy flows are crucial for understanding the current state and future development of lake systems, yet, characterization of organic matter sources and assessment of their relative
Si Chen et al.
Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology, 42(8), 1129-1137 (2015-05-10)
Anaerobic digestion is a sustainable technology for the treatment of organic waste and production of biogas. Acetoclastic methanogenesis accounts for the majority of methane production in anaerobic digestion. Therefore, sustaining robust acetoclastic methanogens is important for stable process performance. Due
Weiti Cui et al.
Plant cell reports, 34(3), 435-445 (2014-12-17)
Methane-rich water triggered adventitious rooting by regulating heme oxygenase1/carbon monoxide and calcium pathways in cucumber explants. Heme oxygenase1/carbon monoxide (HO1/CO) and calcium (Ca(2+)) were reported as the downstream signals in auxin-induced cucumber adventitious root (AR) formation. Here, we observed that
Václav Mach et al.
Frontiers in microbiology, 6, 506-506 (2015-06-09)
Biological methanogenesis is linked to permanent water logged systems, e.g., rice field soils or lake sediments. In these systems the methanogenic community as well as the pathway of methane formation are well-described. By contrast, the methanogenic potential of river sediments
Ning Wang et al.
Environmental technology, 35(17-20), 2500-2505 (2014-08-26)
Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) adsorption capacities on recycled rubber media, tyre-derived rubber particle (TDRP), and other rubber material (ORM) have been evaluated. As part of the research, densities, moisture contents, and surface properties of TDRP and ORM have been determined. The
Xia He et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(14), 6059-6068 (2015-02-27)
Fat, oil and, grease (FOG) deposits are one primary cause of sanitary sewer overflows (SSOs). While numerous studies have examined the formation of FOG deposits in sewer pipes, little is known about their biodegradation under sewer environments. In this study
Yu-Xin Xu et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(2), 266-276 (2014-12-22)
Perlecan is a major heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycan in the arterial wall. Previous studies have linked it to atherosclerosis. Perlecan contains a core protein and three HS side chains. Its core protein has five domains (DI-DV) with disparate structures and
I Vetharaniam et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(7), 3551-3563 (2015-10-07)
We modified the rumen submodel of the Molly dairy cow model to simulate the rumen of a sheep and predict its methane emissions. We introduced a rumen hydrogen (H2) pool as a dynamic variable, which (together with the microbial pool
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