The molarity calculator calculates the mass of compound required to achieve a specific molar concentration and volume. To dilute a solution of known molarity, please use the Solution Dilution Calculator. To dilute a solution of concentrated acid or base of known w/w% strength, please use the Acid & Base Molarity Calculator.
Mass, molar concentration, volume, and formula weight are related to each other as follows:
Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) * Volume (L) * Formula Weight (g/mol)
Mass (m) is the amount of matter present in a substance. The value is constant and, unlike weight, is not affected by gravity.
Formula weight (F.W.) is the sum of the atomic weights of all atoms in a given empirical formula. For example: sodium chloride (NaCl) has one atom of sodium (Na) and one atom of chlorine (Cl). The atomic weight of sodium is 22.99 g/mol and chlorine is 35.45 g/mol. Therefore, the formula weight of NaCl is 58.44 g/mol (22.99 g/mol + 35.45 g/mol).
Molar concentration is the amount of a solute present in one unit of a solution. Its units are mol/L, mol/dm3, or mol/m3. Molar concentration, also known as molarity, and can be denoted by the unit M, molar. To prepare 1 L of 0.5 M sodium chloride solution, then, as per the formula, use 29.22 g of sodium chloride (0.5 mol/L * 1L * 58.44 g/mol = 29.22 g).