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  • One-electron reduction of methanesulfonyl chloride. The fate of MeSO2Cl(.)(-) and MeSO2(.) intermediates in oxygenated solutions and their role in the cis-trans isomerization of mono-unsaturated fatty acids.

One-electron reduction of methanesulfonyl chloride. The fate of MeSO2Cl(.)(-) and MeSO2(.) intermediates in oxygenated solutions and their role in the cis-trans isomerization of mono-unsaturated fatty acids.

Journal of the American Chemical Society (2007-06-22)
Maurizio Tamba, Katalin Dajka, Carla Ferreri, Klaus-Dieter Asmus, Chryssostomos Chatgilialoglu
ABSTRACT

The one-electron reduction of methanesulfonyl chloride (MeSO2Cl) leads, in the first instance, to an electron adduct MeSO2Cl(.)(-) which lives long enough for direct detection and decays into sulfonyl radicals MeSO2(.) and Cl(-), with k = 1.5 x 10(6) s(-1). Both, MeSO2Cl(.)(-) and MeSO2(.) showed a similar absorption in the UV with lambdamax of 320 nm. In the presence of oxygen, MeSO2Cl(.)(-) transfers an electron to O(2) and establishes an equilibrium with superoxide. The rate constant for the forward reaction was measured to 4.1 x 10(9) M(-1) s(-1), while for the back reaction only an interval of 1.7 x 10(5) to 1.7 x 10(6) M(-1) s(-1) could be estimated, with a somewhat higher degree of confidence for the lower value. This corresponds to an equilibrium constant in the range of 2.4 x 10(3) to 2.4 x 10(4). With reference to E degrees (O2/O2(.)(-)) = -155 mV, the redox potential of the sulfonyl chloride couple, E degrees (MeSO2Cl/MeSO2Cl(.)(-)), thus results between being equal to -355 and -414 mV (vs NHE). MeSO2Cl(.)(-) reduces (besides O2) 4-nitroacetophenone. The underlying electron transfer took place with k = 1.5 x 10(9) M(-1) s(-1), corroborating an E degrees for the sulfonyl chloride couple significantly exceeding the above listed lower value. The MeSO2(.) radical added to oxygen with a rate constant of 1.1 x 10(9) M(-1) s(-1). Re-dissociation of O2 from MeSO2OO(.) occurred only very slowly, if at all, that is, with k < 10(5) s(-1). MeSO2(.) radicals can act as the catalyst for the cis-trans isomerization of several Z- and E-mono-unsaturated fatty acid methyl esters in homogeneous solution. The effectiveness of the isomerization processes has been addressed, and in the presence of oxygen the isomerization is completely suppressed.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Methanesulfonyl chloride, purum, ≥98.0% (AT)
Sigma-Aldrich
Methanesulfonyl chloride, ≥99.7%