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  • GC-MS and HPLC methods for peroxynitrite (ONOO- and O15NOO-) analysis: a study on stability, decomposition to nitrite and nitrate, laboratory synthesis, and formation of peroxynitrite from S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and KO2.

GC-MS and HPLC methods for peroxynitrite (ONOO- and O15NOO-) analysis: a study on stability, decomposition to nitrite and nitrate, laboratory synthesis, and formation of peroxynitrite from S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and KO2.

The Analyst (2010-12-22)
Dimitrios Tsikas
ABSTRACT

Nitric oxide (˙NO) and superoxide (O(2)(-)˙) are ubiquitous in nature. Their reaction product peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) and notably its conjugated peroxynitrous acid (ONOOH) are highly unstable in aqueous phase. ONOO(-)/ONOOH (referred to as peroxynitrite) isomerize and decompose to NO(3)(-), NO(2)(-) and O(2). Here, we report for the first time GC-MS and HPLC methods for the analysis of peroxynitrite in aqueous solution. For GC-MS analysis peroxynitrite in alkaline solution was derivatized to a pentafluorobenzyl derivative using pentafluorobenzyl bromide. O(15)NOO(-) was synthesized from H(2)O(2) and (15)NO(2)(-) and used as internal standard. HPLC analysis was performed on stationary phases consisting of Nucleosil® 100-5C(18)AB or Nucleodur® C(18) Gravity. The mobile phase consisted of a 10 mM aqueous solution of tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate and had a pH value of 11.5. UV absorbance detection at 300 nm was used. HPLC allows simultaneous analysis of ONOO(-), NO(2)(-) and NO(3)(-). The GC-MS and HPLC methods were used to study stability, synthesis, formation from S-[(15)N]nitrosoglutathione (GS(15)NO) and KO(2), and isomerization/decomposition of peroxynitrite to NO(2)(-) and NO(3)(-) in aqueous buffer.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Potassium dioxide, powder
Sigma-Aldrich
2,3,4,5,6-Pentafluorobenzyl bromide, 99%