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Au-nanoparticle coated mesoporous silica nanocapsule-based multifunctional platform for ultrasound mediated imaging, cytoclasis and tumor ablation.

Biomaterials (2012-12-19)
Xia Wang, Hangrong Chen, Yuanyi Zheng, Ming Ma, Yu Chen, Kun Zhang, Deping Zeng, Jianlin Shi
ABSTRACT

Au nanoparticles-coated, perfluorohexane-encapsulated and PEGylated mesoporous silica nanocapsule-based enhancement agents (MSNC@Au-PFH-PEG, abb. as MAPP) have been synthesized, for the ultrasound-induced cytoclasis, contrast-intensified ultrasound (US) imaging and US-guided high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) surgical therapy. Both the US-induced thermal effect and US triggered release of loaded model drug with MAPP under US exposure indicated the excellent US sensitivity of MAPP and its applicability for the combined chemo-/thermal therapy and future potential for HIFU ablation; US imaging under different modes verify the attractive US contrast intensification by using MAPP; US-guided HIFU therapy ex vivo and in vivo with MAPP is found to be highly efficient on rabbit VX2 xenograft tumor ablation due to the high thermal energy accumulation and increased mechanical/thermal effects from US-induced PFH bubble cavitations. MAPP can be promisingly used as an inorganic theranostic platform for contrast-intensified US imaging, combined chemotherapy and efficient HIFU tumor ablation under the guidance by the intensified US.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Tetradecafluorohexane, A mixture of perfluorinated hexanes, 95%
Sigma-Aldrich
Tetradecafluorohexane, 99%