Merck

Perfluoroalkyl substances in waters along the Grand Canal, China.

Chemosphere (2017-04-09)
H T Piao, X C Jiao, N Gai, S Chen, G H Lu, X C Yin, E Yamazaki, N Yamashita, K Y Tan, Y L Yang, J Pan
ABSTRACT

The Grand Canal, also known as the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the longest canal in the world. It is an important trunk line of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project in China. The contamination status and spatial distributions of perfluoroalky substances (PFASs) in waters of the Grand Canal were investigated. The total concentrations of PFASs (∑PFASs) range from 7.8 ng/L to 218.0 ng/L, with high ∑PFASs occurring in the southern part of the Grand Canal which is located in a highly urbanized and economically developed region. The dominance of PFOA showed a decreasing trend toward north while shorter chain homologue proportions increased in the northern part of the Canal which mainly traverses underdeveloped and rural areas in Eastern China. Positive correlations were observed between ∑PFASs and the population density as well as GDP per capita. Intersection with large rivers may affect the contamination levels and composition of PFASs in the water of the Grand Canal near the intersection sites.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Perfluorononanoic acid, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
Tricosafluorododecanoic acid, 95%
Sigma-Aldrich
Perfluorodecanoic acid, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Perfluoropentanoic acid, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
Perfluorotetradecanoic acid, 96%
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetic acid-12C2, 99.9 atom % 12C
Sigma-Aldrich
Perfluoroheptanoic acid, ≥97.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Undecafluorohexanoic acid, ≥97.0% (T)