G1251

Sigma-Aldrich

L-Glutamic acid

ReagentPlus®, ≥99% (HPLC)

Sinónimos:
Glu, (S)-2-Aminopentanedioic acid
Fórmula lineal:
HO2CCH2CH2CH(NH2)CO2H
Número de CAS:
Peso molecular:
147.13
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1723801
Número de EC:
Número MDL:
eCl@ss:
32160406
ID de la sustancia en PubChem:
NACRES:
NA.26

Nivel de calidad

200

línea de producto

ReagentPlus®

ensayo

≥99% (HPLC)

formulario

powder

aplicaciones

microbiological culture: suitable

color

white to off-white

mp

205 °C (dec.) (lit.)

solubilidad

1 M HCl: soluble 100 mg/mL

densidad

1.54 g/cm3 at 20 °C

trazas de catión

C: 40.4-41.2%
N: 9.2-9.8%

SMILES string

N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C5H9NO4/c6-3(5(9)10)1-2-4(7)8/h3H,1-2,6H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)/t3-/m0/s1

InChI key

WHUUTDBJXJRKMK-VKHMYHEASA-N

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Categorías relacionadas

Aplicación

L-Glutamic acid has been used to enhance endogenous acetylcholine overflow. It has been used as a supplement in the growth medium of meat-Spoiling Pseudomonas fragi 72.

Envase

1 kg in poly bottle
100, 500 g in poly bottle
5 kg in poly drum

Acciones bioquímicas o fisiológicas

An excitatory amino acid neurotransmitter that is an agonist at all subtypes of glutamate receptors (metabotropic, kainate, NMDA, and AMPA).
Glutamic acid, or glutamate, the salt form of glutamic acid, functions as a neurotransmitter and also serves as a precursor to other neurotransmitters such as γ-aminobutyric acid. Glutamic acid also plays a key role in many metabolic pathways, that controls growth, reproduction, maintenance and immunity. It is converted to α-ketoglutarate, a key component of the TCA (tricarboxylic acid) cycle, and a precursor for the biosynthesis of nucleic acids and certain amino acids. In cells, glutamine is converted to glutamate by the enzyme glutaminase.
Glutamine serves as a source of energy for rapidly dividing cells comprising lymphocytes, enterocytes, macrophages and tumors. Glutamine mediates protein turnover via cellular mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) signaling. It is also known to be associated with the inhibition of apoptosis.

Información legal

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Alemania

WGK 1

Punto de inflamabilidad F

Not applicable

Punto de inflamabilidad C

Not applicable

Equipo de protección personal

Eyeshields, Gloves, type N95 (US)

Certificado de Análisis

Certificado de origen

Mixed carbon source utilization of meat-spoiling Pseudomonas fragi 72 in relation to oxygen limitation and carbon dioxide inhibition.
Molin G.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 49(6), 1442-1447 (1985)
Glutamic acid, twenty years later.
Garattini S
The Journal of Nutrition, 130, 901S-909S (2000)
The biology of cancer: metabolic reprogramming fuels cell growth and proliferation.
DeBerardinis RJ
Cell Metabolism, 7(1), 11-20 (2008)
Cristina Giaroni et al.
European journal of pharmacology, 476(1-2), 63-69 (2003-09-13)
Several reports suggest that enteric cholinergic neurons are subject to a tonic inhibitory modulation, whereas few studies are available concerning the role of facilitatory pathways. Glutamate, the main excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system (CNS), has recently been described...
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