Toll-like receptors and cytokines as surrogate biomarkers for evaluating vaginal immune response following microbicide administration
Gupta SM et al
Mediators of Inflammation, doi: 10-doi: 10 (2008)
Investigational therapeutics targeting the IL-4/IL-13/STAT-6 pathway for the treatment of asthma
Oh CK et al
European Respiratory Review, 19, 11546-11554 (2010)
M Stein et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 176(1), 287-292 (1992-07-01)
Expression of the macrophage mannose receptor is inhibited by interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), a T helper type 1 (Th-1)-derived lymphokine. Interleukin 4 (IL-4), a Th-2 lymphocyte product, upregulates major histocompatibility class II antigen expression but inhibits inflammatory cytokine production by macrophages....
E M Coccia et al.
International immunology, 12(7), 977-985 (2000-07-06)
NO is a labile radical involved in several immunological, antimicrobial and inflammatory processes. In macrophages, NO formation is catalyzed by the cytokine-inducible enzyme inducible NO synthase (iNOS). The importance of IFN regulatory factor (IRF)-1 and of the signal transducers and...
Alberto Mantovani et al.
Trends in immunology, 25(12), 677-686 (2004-11-09)
Plasticity and functional polarization are hallmarks of the mononuclear phagocyte system. Here we review emerging key properties of different forms of macrophage activation and polarization (M1, M2a, M2b, M2c), which represent extremes of a continuum. In particular, recent evidence suggests...