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Guofeng Shen et al.
Journal of environmental sciences (China), 25(9), 1808-1816 (2014-02-14)
Controlled combustion experiments were conducted to investigate the influence of fuel charge size, moisture, air ventilation and feeding rate on the emission factors (EFs) of carbonaceous particulate matter, parent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (pPAHs) and their derivatives from residential wood combustion
Ning Wang et al.
Environmental technology, 35(17-20), 2500-2505 (2014-08-26)
Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) adsorption capacities on recycled rubber media, tyre-derived rubber particle (TDRP), and other rubber material (ORM) have been evaluated. As part of the research, densities, moisture contents, and surface properties of TDRP and ORM have been determined. The
Anthony Massé et al.
Environmental technology, 34(17-20), 2553-2561 (2014-02-18)
The role of natural compounds of seawater and added particles on mechanisms of membrane fouling and organic matter rejection has been investigated. Ultrafiltration (100 kDa) has been conducted in both dead-end (out/in) and tangential (in/out) modes on polysulfone hollow fibre
I Tanya Handa et al.
Nature, 509(7499), 218-221 (2014-05-09)
The decomposition of dead organic matter is a major determinant of carbon and nutrient cycling in ecosystems, and of carbon fluxes between the biosphere and the atmosphere. Decomposition is driven by a vast diversity of organisms that are structured in
K Y Foo et al.
Advances in colloid and interface science, 159(2), 130-143 (2010-08-03)
Water scarcity and pollution rank equal to climate change as the most urgent environmental turmoil for the 21st century. To date, the percolation of textile effluents into the waterways and aquifer systems, remain an intricate conundrum abroad the nations. With
Xiaohong Sun et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(6), 4278-4285 (2014-04-18)
Carbon-coated MoO2 nanocrystallines with uniform particle size and carbon-coating morphology have been fabricated by a green and economical hydrothermal route and carbonization process. Glucose here acts as a multifunctional agent, not only as the reducing species to prepare MoO2, but
Planetary science. New results send Mars rover on a quest for ancient life.
Richard A Kerr
Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6164), 1300-1301 (2013-12-18)
Chi Wang et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 194, 203-209 (2014-08-26)
The Kd of sulfamethoxazole (SMX) on activated carbon (AC) was larger than that of SMX on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SC), but the competition of SMX with carbamazepine (CBZ) for adsorption sites was weaker on AC than SC. Thus, a large
B Franz Lang et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(16), 5926-5931 (2014-04-09)
Programmed translational bypassing is a process whereby ribosomes "ignore" a substantial interval of mRNA sequence. Although discovered 25 y ago, the only experimentally confirmed example of this puzzling phenomenon is expression of the bacteriophage T4 gene 60. Bypassing requires translational
[Application of activated carbon to radiochemical analysis--adsorption behavior of inorganic ions].
S Shibata et al.
Radioisotopes, 39(5), 226-236 (1990-05-01)
Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen et al.
Human reproduction update, 19(6), 640-655 (2013-08-21)
BACKGROUND Most reproductive failures originate during the periconceptional period and are influenced by the age and the lifestyle of parents-to-be. We advance the hypothesis that these failures can arise as a partial consequence of derangements to one-carbon (1-C) metabolism (i.e.
Katherine M Mullaugh et al.
Chemosphere, 107, 51-57 (2014-05-31)
Carbohydrates have been widely reported in atmospheric aerosols, but have not previously been quantified in rainwater. We have identified and quantified a series of 11 specific compounds including monosaccharides (glucose, fructose, arabinose, galactose and pinitol), disaccharides (sucrose and trehalose), sugar
Yufeng Jiang et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 106, 11-18 (2014-05-20)
The status, source and health risk of street-dust-borne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Lanzhou of Northwest China were investigated. The total level of the 21 PAHs ranged from 1470 to 13,700 µg kg(-1) and that of the 16 priority PAHs
Clare Abbenhardt et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 144(5), 714-721 (2014-03-22)
Folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism is essential for DNA synthesis, repair, and methylation. Perturbations in one-carbon metabolism have been implicated in increased risk of some cancers and may also affect inflammatory processes. We investigated these interrelated pathways to understand their relation. The
Cuiya Zhang et al.
Environmental technology, 35(13-16), 1979-1988 (2014-06-25)
In this study, sequencing batch reactor (SBR) with an anaerobic/aerobic/anoxic operating mode was used to culture granular sludge. Optimal adjustment of cycle duration was achieved by the direction ofpH, oxidation reduction potential and dissolved oxygen parameters. The results showed that
Timothy D Berry et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 193, 197-204 (2014-07-23)
Although carbon nanomaterials such as single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) are becoming increasingly prevalent in manufacturing, there is little knowledge on the environmental fate of these materials. Environmental degradation of SWCNT is hindered by their highly condensed aromatic structure as well
Jingbin Zeng et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1365, 29-34 (2014-09-25)
In this study, ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) with large surface area (1019m(2)g(-1)), uniform mesoporous structure (pore size distribution centering at 4.2nm) and large pore volume (1.46cm(3)g(-1)) was synthesized using 2D hexagonally mesoporous silica MSU-H as the hard template and sucrose
Luisa Rios-Avila et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 145(1), 87-95 (2014-12-21)
The use of oral contraceptives (OCs) has been associated with low plasma pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP). The functional consequences are unclear. To determine whether functional vitamin B-6 insufficiency occurs in OC users and is attributable to OCs, we investigated the associations
Yin Wang et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(1), 533-538 (2013-12-25)
Stomatal pores surrounded by a pair of guard cells in the plant epidermis control gas exchange between plants and the atmosphere in response to light, CO2, and the plant hormone abscisic acid. Light-induced stomatal opening is mediated by at least
Hwa Jung Noh et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(8), 5787-5793 (2013-07-26)
We report the synthesis of biogenic silver nanoparticles using chlorogenic acid as a bioreducing agent. Chlorogenic acid is a polyphenol compound abundant in coffee. UV-Vis spectra showed the characteristic surface plasmon resonance band at 415 nm, indicating the successful synthesis
Chang Hoon Moon et al.
Investigational new drugs, 32(3), 400-411 (2013-11-10)
CKD-516 is a benzophenone analog in which the B ring is modified by replacement with a carbonyl group. The study assessed CKD-516 as a vascular disrupting agent or anti-cancer drug. To assess the effect of S516 on vascularization, we analyzed
Xiaoguang Xu et al.
The Science of the total environment, 500-501, 373-382 (2014-09-23)
The quantity and quality of sedimentary organic matter (SOM) in relation to material and energy flows are crucial for understanding the current state and future development of lake systems, yet, characterization of organic matter sources and assessment of their relative
Athena D McKown et al.
Molecular ecology, 23(23), 5771-5790 (2014-10-17)
Stomata are essential for diffusive entry of gases to support photosynthesis, but may also expose internal leaf tissues to pathogens. To uncover trade-offs in range-wide adaptation relating to stomata, we investigated the underlying genetics of stomatal traits and linked variability
Isabelle Aillaud et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), (44)(44), 5105-5118 (2007-11-07)
The catalysed enantioselective formation of carbon-nitrogen bonds by the hydroamination reaction is reviewed. All examples deal with substrates containing non-activated carbon-carbon multiple bonds which are transformed either via intramolecular or intermolecular reactions. Structurally different complexes already provided nitrogen containing compounds/heterocycles
Courtney Reichhardt et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1848(1 Pt B), 378-383 (2014-06-10)
Bacterial biofilms are communities of bacterial cells surrounded by a self-secreted extracellular matrix. Biofilm formation by Vibrio cholerae, the human pathogen responsible for cholera, contributes to its environmental survival and infectivity. Important genetic and molecular requirements have been identified for
Hiroaki Akasaka et al.
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics, 90(5), 1177-1185 (2014-12-30)
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a polyglycolic acid (PGA) spacer through physical and animal experiments. The spacer was produced with surgical suture material made of PGA, forming a 3-dimensional nonwoven fabric. For evaluation or physical experiments, 150-MeV proton
Swarup Kumar Majil et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(7), 4969-4974 (2013-08-02)
A simple chemical route has been applied for the preparation of quasi-spherical silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) with average diameter of 265 and 8 nm. The as prepared products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and
Yongmin He et al.
Nanoscale, 5(19), 8799-8820 (2013-08-13)
Under the background of the quick development of lightweight, flexible, and wearable electronic devices in our society, a flexible and highly efficient energy management strategy is needed for their counterpart energy-storage systems. Among them, flexible electrochemical capacitors (ECs) have been
Youssouf Djibril Soubaneh et al.
Chemosphere, 114, 310-316 (2014-08-13)
Sorptive processes are important parameters affecting the mobility, availability and fate of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), such as toxaphene, in aquatic systems. The sorption and desorption behaviors of the B7-1450, a stable toxaphene congener in environment, on marine sediment was
I N Kurchenko et al.
Mikrobiolohichnyi zhurnal (Kiev, Ukraine : 1993), 75(3), 12-23 (2013-07-23)
The ability of soil and endophytic strains of P. funiculosum to accumulate biomass under cultivation conditions in media containing carbon sources from mono- to polysaccharides has been studied. It has been shown that the most favorable carbon sources for the
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