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Érica Boarato David et al.
Parasites & vectors, 8, 103-103 (2015-04-19)
Several species of protozoa cause acute or chronic gastroenteritis in humans, worldwide. The burden of disease is particularly high among children living in developing areas of the world, where transmission is favored by lower hygienic standards and scarce availability of...
Iodine/MeOH: a novel and efficient reagent system for thiocyanation of aromatics and heteroaromatics.
Yadav JS, et al.
Tetrahedron Letters, 45(14), 2951-2954 (2004)
Florencia Harari et al.
Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association, 25(11), 1199-1208 (2015-09-04)
Impaired thyroid function is a common side effect of lithium medication. Recent data indicate that lithium exposure through drinking water, although providing much lower doses than the medication, may also affect thyroid hormone levels. However, the effects in susceptible groups...
Sarah C Bath et al.
The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 72(2), 226-235 (2013-04-11)
This review describes historical iodine deficiency in the U.K., gives current information on dietary sources of iodine and summarises recent evidence of iodine deficiency and its association with child neurodevelopment. Iodine is required for the production of thyroid hormones that...
Sung Yoon Park et al.
Abdominal imaging, 40(8), 3152-3160 (2015-08-10)
To retrospectively evaluate CT sensitivity for characterizing adrenal adenoma according to lesion size. Between January 2004 and November 2012, 140 patients with 140 histologically proven adenomas underwent preoperative adrenal CT protocols consisting of unenhanced CT, early enhanced CT, and delayed...
Yoshitake Yamada et al.
Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography, 8(5), 391-400 (2014-10-11)
Dual-energy CT technology enables acquisition of virtual unenhanced (VUE) images from contrast-enhanced scans. To assess the feasibility of coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring on VUE images derived from fast kVp-switching dual-energy coronary CT angiography. Twenty-seven patients underwent true noncontrast CAC-scoring...
Christine Chevallier et al.
The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology, 36(4), 239-244 (2015-08-19)
Postmortem imaging techniques, especially postmortem computed tomography, have become integral tools in forensic investigations. Multiphase postmortem computed tomography angiography (MPMCTA) visualizes the vascular system in detail and makes it possible to evaluate the perfusion of even the smallest vessels. Although...
Alexandra Grippa et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 211(4), 829-844 (2015-11-18)
Lipid droplets (LDs) are storage organelles consisting of a neutral lipid core surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer and a set of LD-specific proteins. Most LD components are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), an organelle that is often physically connected...
Walter J Rogan et al.
Pediatrics, 133(6), 1163-1166 (2014-05-28)
Many women of reproductive age in the United States are marginally iodine deficient, perhaps because the salt in processed foods is not iodized. Iodine deficiency, per se, can interfere with normal brain development in their offspring; in addition, it increases...
Karim Bougma et al.
Nutrients, 5(4), 1384-1416 (2013-04-24)
Several reviews and meta-analyses have examined the effects of iodine on mental development. None focused on young children, so they were incomplete in summarizing the effects on this important age group. The current systematic review therefore examined the relationship between...
E I Ekinci et al.
Clinical endocrinology, 82(4), 604-610 (2014-08-01)
Thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb) and thyroglobulin antibodies (TGAb) are frequently measured to investigate thyroid dysfunction in pregnancy. Despite the recognized fall of these autoantibodies in pregnancy, there is limited guidance on the timing of such testing. We assessed optimal test...
Laura Robaldo et al.
ChemMedChem, 9(9), 2172-2177 (2014-08-01)
The highly conserved untranslated regions of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) play a fundamental role in viral translation and replication and are therefore attractive targets for drug development. A set of modified DNAzymes carrying (2'R)-, (2'S)-2'-deoxy-2'-C-methyl- and -2'-O-methylnucleosides at various positions...
Raed A Al-Juboori et al.
Ultrasonics, 57, 18-30 (2014-12-03)
Obtaining accurate power characteristics of ultrasonic treatment systems is an important step towards their industrial scalability. Calorimetric measurements are most commonly used for quantifying the dissipated ultrasonic power. However, accuracy of these measurements is affected by various heat losses, especially...
Jianjian Lin et al.
Scientific reports, 4, 5769-5769 (2014-08-30)
Three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical nanoscale architectures comprised of building blocks, with specifically engineered morphologies, are expected to play important roles in the fabrication of 'next generation' microelectronic and optoelectronic devices due to their high surface-to-volume ratio as well as opto-electronic properties....
Erdem Yuksel et al.
Acta ophthalmologica, 93(7), e573-e577 (2015-04-29)
To compare the two different 'in situ' methods of corneal trephination technique under morgue condition (morgue trephination technique, MTT) and classic scleracorneal removal technique (SRT). A total of 1179 cases were evaluated for cornea donation at Gazi University Faculty of...
Tri Yuliana et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(23), 10011-10018 (2015-08-10)
Alphaproteobacterium strain Q-1 produces an extracellular multicopper oxidase (IOX), which catalyzes iodide (I-) oxidation to form molecular iodine (I2). In this study, the antimicrobial activity of the IOX/iodide system was determined. Both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria tested were killed completely...
Antonio Jose Inda-Filho et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107602-e107602 (2014-09-26)
N-acetylcysteine (NAC) or sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), singly or combined, inconsistently prevent patients exposed to radiographic contrast media from developing contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI). We asked whether intravenous isotonic saline and either NaHCO3 in 5% dextrose or else a high...
A Kolk et al.
European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, 41(7), 1363-1374 (2014-02-28)
Knowledge of the presence and extent of bone infiltration is crucial for planning the resection of potential bone-infiltrating squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (HNSCC). Routinely, plain-film radiography, multislice computed tomography (MSCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are...
Yan Liu et al.
Science translational medicine, 6(266), 266ra170-266ra170 (2014-12-17)
Doxorubicin is a highly effective anticancer chemotherapy agent, but its use is limited by its cardiotoxicity. To develop a drug that prevents this toxicity, we established a doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy model in zebrafish that recapitulates the cardiomyocyte apoptosis and contractility decline...
Norm R C Campbell et al.
Revista panamericana de salud publica = Pan American journal of public health, 32(4), 281-286 (2013-01-10)
High dietary salt is a major cause of increased blood pressure, the leading risk for death worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended that salt intake be less than 5 g/day, a goal that only a small proportion of...
Punitha Vasanthan et al.
Journal of cellular and molecular medicine, 19(3), 566-580 (2014-12-06)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate translation of mRNA into protein and play a crucial role for almost all biological activities. However, the identification of miRNAs from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), especially from dental pulp, is poorly understood....
Grace L Nimmons et al.
JAMA otolaryngology-- head & neck surgery, 139(5), 479-482 (2013-04-20)
Patients who undergo radiographic studies with contrast receive an enormous bolus of iodine. This can delay subsequent use of radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy because the iodine can compete for uptake. There is a paucity of literature on the minimum interval...
Baiyu Chen et al.
AJR. American journal of roentgenology, 200(5), W475-W482 (2013-04-27)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using iterative reconstructions in hepatic CT to improve the precision of Hounsfield unit quantification, which is the degree to which repeated measurements under unchanged conditions provide consistent results. An...
Binghui Zhao et al.
PloS one, 10(1), e0116583-e0116583 (2015-01-31)
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is the third leading cause of hospital-acquired acute renal failure. Oxidative stress, apoptosis and inflammation play crucial roles in CIN. Renalase is a newly discovered monoamine oxidase from the kidney. We hypothesize that renalase could protect against...
Mahbub Hassan et al.
ChemSusChem, 8(23), 4040-4048 (2015-11-14)
Doping of graphene has emerged as a key strategy to improve the electrocatalytic performance of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Activated graphene co-doped with iodine and nitrogen atoms (NIG) was developed in this work using a facile scalable approach. The...
Katanchalee Mai-Ngam et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 112, 440-447 (2014-08-19)
The synthesis of two comb-like dextran surfactant polymers, that are different in their dextran molecular weight (MW) distribution and the presence of carboxylic groups, and their characterization are reported. A bimodal carboxylic dextran surfactant polymer consists of poly(vinyl amine) (PVAm)...
Chia-Yih Wang et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 143(8), 1276-1282 (2013-06-14)
Because of the logistic complexity, excessive respondent burden, and high cost of conducting 24-h urine collections in a national survey, alternative strategies to monitor sodium intake at the population level need to be evaluated. We conducted a calibration study to...
Sakir Ongun et al.
Scandinavian journal of urology, 49(2), 108-114 (2014-10-17)
There is no sufficient evidence to demonstrate whether more challenging pelvic anatomy affects the functional and oncological outcomes of radical retropubic prostatectomy (RP). The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of pelvic biometric measurements, visceral and subcutaneous...
Makiko Yamada et al.
Hippocampus, 25(2), 253-267 (2014-09-25)
The hippocampus arises from the medial region of the subventricular (SVZ) within the telencephalon. It is one of two regions in the postnatal brain that harbors neural progenitors (NPs) capable of giving rise to new neurons. Neurogenesis in the hippocampus...
Joseph Ischia et al.
BJU international, 115(5), 829-838 (2014-08-19)
To determine the expression and biology of the neuroendocrine growth factor gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) and other proGRP-derived peptides in renal cancer. Receptor binding studies, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and radioimmunoassay, were used to quantitate the presence of proGRP-derived peptide receptors...
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