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Gregory A Cary et al.
G3 (Bethesda, Md.), 5(11), 2497-2511 (2015-09-24)
P-bodies (PB) are ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes that aggregate into cytoplasmic foci when cells are exposed to stress. Although the conserved mRNA decay and translational repression machineries are known components of PB, how and why cells assemble RNP complexes into large
Sarah Herdewyn et al.
Molecular neurodegeneration, 9, 24-24 (2014-06-19)
Intraneuronal inclusions of TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) have been found in the majority of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) patients. Mutations in the gene encoding TDP-43 cause familial ALS. Transgenic mice expressing mutant TDP-43 with one such mutation (TDP-43 (A315T))
Annette Buur Steffensen et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 10009-10009 (2015-06-13)
The Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a disorder characterized by a prolongation of the QT interval and a propensity to ventricular tachyarrhythmias, which may lead to syncope, cardiac arrest, or sudden death. Our objective was to (1) determine the incidence
Toshihide Nakamura et al.
AMB Express, 4, 67-67 (2014-09-02)
Elucidation of the mechanism of high temperature tolerance in yeasts is important for the molecular breeding of high temperature-tolerant yeasts that can be used in bioethanol production. We identified genes whose expression is correlated with the degree of thermotolerance in
Jiangyu Dai et al.
Canadian journal of microbiology, 61(3), 227-236 (2015-02-13)
Limnetic habitats that are dominated by either algae or macrophytes represent the 2 dominant ecosystems in shallow lakes. We assessed seasonal variations in the diversity and abundance of alkaline phosphate-encoding genes (phoX) in these 2 zones of Lake Taihu, which
Daniela Camargos Costa et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0131339-e0131339 (2015-06-25)
Plasmodium simium is a parasite from New World monkeys that is most closely related to the human malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax; it also naturally infects humans. The blood-stage infection of P. vivax depends on Duffy binding protein II (PvDBPII) and
David W Chapman et al.
EJNMMI research, 4(1), 27-27 (2015-06-28)
The multitargeting tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) sunitinib is currently the first-line drug therapy for metastasizing renal cell carcinoma (RCC). TKIs have profound effects on tumor angiogenesis, leading to modifications of the tumor microenvironment. The goal of this study was to
Yihui Yuan et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(1), 339-350 (2014-10-26)
We characterized two newly isolated myoviruses, Bp8p-C and Bp8p-T, infecting the ginger rhizome rot disease pathogen Bacillus pumilus GR8. The plaque of Bp8p-T exhibited a clear center with a turbid rim, suggesting that Bp8p-T could transform into latent phage. Lysogeny
Barbara Jonchère et al.
Oncotarget, 6(1), 409-426 (2015-01-08)
Induction of senescence by chemotherapy was initially characterized as a suppressive response that prevents tumor cell proliferation. However, in response to treatment, it is not really known how cells can survive senescence and how irreversible this pathway is. In this
Aaron L Moye et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7643-7643 (2015-07-15)
It has been hypothesized that G-quadruplexes can sequester the 3' end of the telomere and prevent it from being extended by telomerase. Here we purify and characterize stable, conformationally homogenous human telomeric G-quadruplexes, and demonstrate that human telomerase is able
Gokmen Zafer Pekmezci et al.
Parasitology research, 114(10), 3619-3625 (2015-06-22)
Within the present study, we offer new information on the morphology, histopathology, and 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequence of Myxobolus scardinii to supplement and revise the original description of Reuss (Bull Acad Imp Sci St-Pétersbourg, V Serie, XXV, No. 3:
Matthew T Weinstock et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(32), 11679-11684 (2014-07-30)
Mirror-image proteins (composed of D-amino acids) are promising therapeutic agents and drug discovery tools, but as synthesis of larger D-proteins becomes feasible, a major anticipated challenge is the folding of these proteins into their active conformations. In vivo, many large
Carla Regina Schmitz et al.
Journal of assisted reproduction and genetics, 32(6), 991-997 (2015-05-04)
To verify if polymorphisms of LH (Trp8Arg/Ile15Thr), LH receptor (insLQ), and FSH receptor (Asn680Ser) are associated with endometriosis and infertility. This is a prospective case-control study. Sixty-seven patients with endometriosis and infertility (study group) and 65 healthy fertile patients (control
Giorgio Piccinelli et al.
Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases, 34, 1-6 (2015-07-07)
Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) has been implicated in urinary tract infections but the microbiological characteristics and antimicrobial susceptibility of these strains are poorly investigated. In this study, 87 isolates recovered from urine samples of patients who had attended the Spedali Civili
M Ye et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1541-e1541 (2014-11-28)
Transient ischemia is a leading cause of cognitive dysfunction. Postischemic ROS generation and an increase in the cytosolic Zn(2+) level ([Zn(2+)]c) are critical in delayed CA1 pyramidal neuronal death, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Here we investigated
Zhifeng Deng et al.
Cell biochemistry and biophysics, 71(1), 331-335 (2014-10-11)
The aim of the study was to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs1861612 of delta/notch-like Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF)-related receptor (DNER) and rs1884190 in the Delta-like 1 ligand (DLL1) gene and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) susceptibility
Feng-Ching Tsai et al.
Soft matter, 11(45), 8834-8847 (2015-09-24)
In living cells, lipid membranes and biopolymers determine each other's conformation in a delicate force balance. Cellular polymers such as actin filaments are strongly confined by the plasma membrane in cell protrusions such as lamellipodia and filopodia. Conversely, protrusion formation
François Sipieter et al.
PloS one, 10(10), e0140924-e0140924 (2015-10-31)
Uncoupling of ERK1/2 phosphorylation from subcellular localization is essential towards the understanding of molecular mechanisms that control ERK1/2-mediated cell-fate decision. ERK1/2 non-catalytic functions and discoveries of new specific anchors responsible of the subcellular compartmentalization of ERK1/2 signaling pathway have been
Yan Liu et al.
Epigenetics, 10(6), 453-459 (2015-05-07)
The proto-oncogene c-Jun plays crucial roles in tumorigenesis, and its aberrant expression has been implicated in many cancers. Previous studies have shown that the c-Jun gene is positively autoregulated by its product. Notably, it has also been reported that c-Jun
Marcus Nordgren et al.
Autophagy, 11(8), 1326-1340 (2015-06-19)
Peroxisomes are ubiquitous cell organelles essential for human health. To maintain a healthy cellular environment, dysfunctional and superfluous peroxisomes need to be selectively removed. Although emerging evidence suggests that peroxisomes are mainly degraded by pexophagy, little is known about the
Nora Sahnane et al.
Endocrine-related cancer, 22(1), 35-45 (2014-12-04)
Gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) and mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinomas (MANECs) are heterogeneous neoplasms characterized by poor outcome. Microsatellite instability (MSI) has recently been found in colorectal NECs showing a better prognosis than expected. However, the frequency of MSI in a
Nuha Al-Zaubai et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 351(1), 172-180 (2014-08-01)
Inflammation has been implicated in tumor initiation, angiogenesis, and metastasis, and linked to the development of more aggressive, therapy-resistant estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. Resolvin D2 (RvD2) is a potent anti-inflammatory lipid mediator. As RvD2 may be synthesized within breast
Josias B G Yaméogo et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 88(3), 683-694 (2014-09-11)
In a previous study, we reported on the formulation of Artemisinin-loaded surface-decorated nanoparticles (nanospheres and nanoreservoirs) by co-nanoprecipitation of PEG derivatives (PEG1500 and PEG4000-stearate, polysorbate 80) and biosynthesized γ-CD fatty esters. In the present study, the co-nanoprecipitation was extended to
Yusheng Zhao et al.
The Plant cell, 26(6), 2660-2675 (2014-06-13)
In Arabidopsis thaliana, active DNA demethylation is initiated by the DNA glycosylase REPRESSOR OF SILENCING1 (ROS1) and its paralogs DEMETER, DEMETER-LIKE2 (DML2), and DML3. How these demethylation enzymes are regulated, however, is poorly understood. Here, using a transgenic Arabidopsis line
Xijiao Yu et al.
Journal of molecular histology, 46(2), 195-203 (2015-02-11)
Increasing evidence indicates that bone remodeling is under the control of factors related to neuronal regulation, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. The aim of this study is attempted to assess the effect of denervation on neuropeptide expression and
Damiano Carbonari et al.
Toxicology letters, 231(2), 205-212 (2014-06-27)
This study investigated the effect of polymorphic genes GSTT1, GSTM1, GSTA1, EHPX1, NQO1, CYP2E1, CYP1A and MPO on the urinary concentrations and ratio (R) of the benzene metabolites trans,trans-muconic acid (t,t-MA) and S-phenyl mercapturic acid (S-PMA) in 301 oil refinery
Ji Hyun Jang et al.
Basic research in cardiology, 110(3), 21-21 (2015-03-26)
Angiotensin II (Ang II), a potent precursor of hypertrophy and heart failure, upregulates neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS or NOS1) in the myocardium. Here, we investigate the involvement of type 1 and 2 angiotensin receptors (AT1R and AT2R) and molecular
Sang Hun Lee et al.
Genes, chromosomes & cancer, 54(6), 353-360 (2015-03-31)
Ovarian microcystic stromal tumor (MCST) is a very rare neoplasm; hence, its nomenclature was recently designated as "Distinctive morphologic and immunohistochemical features" in 2009. Its exact origin, etiological genetic alterations, and background are not yet clearly known. Familial adenomatous polyposis
Ricardo G Correa et al.
Oncotarget, 5(6), 1666-1682 (2014-04-01)
Prostate cancer (PCa) is among the leading causes of cancer-related death in men. Androgen receptor (AR) signaling plays a seminal role in prostate development and homeostasis, and dysregulation of this pathway is intimately linked to prostate cancer pathogenesis and progression.
Brunella Perfetto et al.
Journal of medical microbiology, 63(Pt 11), 1474-1483 (2014-09-05)
Arbidol (ARB) is an antiviral drug that has broad-spectrum activity against a number of viral infections. To date, there are no specific data regarding its effects against a herpesvirus. Here, the in vitro antiviral effect of ARB and structurally related
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