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Hong-Fang Jiang et al.
Oncology letters, 8(3), 1139-1142 (2014-08-15)
Daphnoretin is an active constituent of
Remigiusz Żurawiński et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(25), 7000-7012 (2015-06-02)
The synthesis of two cross-conjugated prostaglandin analogues of known neurotrophic activity and their new hydroxy derivatives was accomplished starting from the diastereoisomeric (+)-camphor protected 3-[(dimethoxyphosphoryl)methyl]-4,5-dihydroxycyclopent-2-enones. The cytotoxicity of these compounds was determined against HeLa, K562, HL-60 human cancer cell lines
Jie Liu et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 63(6), 553-561 (2014-04-09)
To investigate the protective effects of D-4F, an apolipoprotein A-I mimetic peptide, on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced injury of vascular endothelial cells and the potential role of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF). Cytotoxicity was assessed by the apoptotic rate, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-y-l)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide
Amber L Jolly et al.
mBio, 6(2), e02533-e02533 (2015-02-26)
The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa can infect almost any site in the body but most often targets epithelial cell-lined tissues such as the airways, skin, and the cornea of the eye. A common predisposing factor is cystic fibrosis (CF), caused
Jesse Hwang et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(52), E5706-E5715 (2014-12-17)
An shRNA-mediated screen of the 48 human nuclear receptor genes identified multiple candidates likely to influence the production of human cytomegalovirus in cultured human fibroblasts, including the estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα), an orphan nuclear receptor. The 50-kDa receptor and a
Shigeo Nagashima et al.
The Journal of general virology, 95(Pt 10), 2166-2175 (2014-06-28)
Our previous studies indicated that hepatitis E virus (HEV) forms membrane-associated particles in the cytoplasm, most likely by budding into intracellular vesicles, and requires the multivesicular body (MVB) pathway to release virus particles, and the released HEV particles with a
Pablo J Giraudi et al.
Experimental and molecular pathology, 98(1), 85-92 (2014-12-24)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is characterized by an initial accumulation of triglycerides that can progress to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, which can ultimately evolve to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatic stellate cells play a key role in liver fibrogenesis by an increased
Xi Liu et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(45), 27370-27383 (2015-09-18)
As revealed in a previous microarray study to identify genes regulated by 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) and juvenile hormone (JH) in the silkworm, Bombyx mori, E93 expression in the fat body was markedly low prior to the wandering stage but abundant during
Roxane Darbousset et al.
Blood, 124(16), 2575-2585 (2014-08-26)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and its metabolite, adenosine, are key regulators of polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) functions. PMNs have recently been implicated in the initiation of thrombosis. We investigated the role of ATP and adenosine in PMN activation and recruitment at the
G Mészáros et al.
Acta physiologica Hungarica, 102(2), 216-227 (2015-06-24)
Mitochondrial functions have a major impact on T-cell functionality. In this study we characterized whether mitochondrial function in the neonatal T-cells differs from that in the adult T-cells during short T-cell activation. We used flow cytometry methods to test mitochondrial
Tatiana Shioji Tiuman et al.
BMC microbiology, 14, 152-152 (2014-06-11)
Leishmania amazonensis infection results in diverse clinical manifestations: cutaneous, mucocutaneous or visceral leishmaniasis. The arsenal of drugs available for treating Leishmania infections is limited. Therefore, new, effective, and less toxic leishmaniasis treatments are still needed. We verified cell death in
Weiliang Jiang et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 73, 40-47 (2015-07-28)
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is one of the most lethal human malignancies worldwide. Here, we demonstrated that xanthohumol (XN), the most abundant prenylated chalcone isolated from hops, inhibited the growth of cultured PC cells and their subcutaneous xenograft tumors. XN treatment
Griffin J Jardine et al.
Cornea, 34(7), 838-843 (2015-05-02)
The aim of this study was to investigate the use of a femtosecond laser (FL) in the eye bank preparation of corneas for Descemet membrane (DM) automated endothelial keratoplasty (fDMAEK) and to compare endothelial cell death in graft preparations between
P C J Schmeits et al.
Archives of toxicology, 89(12), 2325-2337 (2014-09-17)
Transcriptomics in combination with in vitro cell systems is a powerful approach to unravel modes of action of toxicants. An important question is to which extent the modes of action as revealed by transcriptomics depend on cell type, species and
Leanna Cheung et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 93(3), 380-388 (2014-12-03)
Multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4) effluxes a wide variety of drugs and endogenous signaling molecules from cells and has been proposed as an attractive therapeutic target in several solid tumors, including neuroblastoma and colorectal cancer. MRP4 also regulates the pharmacokinetics
Haiyuan Zhang et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e96418-e96418 (2014-05-09)
Gambogic acid (GA), the main active component of gamboge resin, has potent antitumor activity both in vivo and in vitro. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we found that GA could initiate autophagy in colorectal cancer
Rachel L Clifford et al.
American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology, 308(9), L962-L972 (2015-02-26)
Asthma is characterized by airway inflammation and remodeling and CXCL8 is a CXC chemokine that drives steroid-resistant neutrophilic airway inflammation. We have shown that airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells isolated from asthmatic individuals secrete more CXCL8 than cells from nonasthmatic
Xiupeng Lv et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 12(1), 1265-1271 (2015-03-18)
The identification of mutated genes in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an essential step towards improving current understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying the disease and establishing novel targets for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. The present study used direct sequencing to
Wan Chen et al.
The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology, 152, 16-24 (2015-04-25)
Glucocorticoid-induced tendon rupture is very common in clinical practice, and the overall outcome of surgical suture repair is rather poor. The mechanism remains unclear, and effective treatments are still lacking. In the present study, we investigated the effect of dexamethasone
X Gai et al.
Cell death & disease, 6, e1712-e1712 (2015-04-10)
P300/CBP-associated factor (PCAF), a histone acetyltransferase (HAT), has been found to regulate numerous cell signaling pathways controlling cell fate by acetylating both histone and non-histone proteins. We previously reported that PCAF upregulates cell apoptosis by inactivating Serine/Threonine Protein Kinase 1
Severiano Risco et al.
Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 126, 7-12 (2014-09-17)
Previous studies demonstrated that the intracerebroventricular administration of SB-334867-A, a selective antagonist of orexin OX1R receptors, blocks the acquisition of saccharin-induced conditioned flavor preference (CFP) but not LiCl-induced taste aversion learning (TAL). Orexinergic fibers from the lateral hypothalamus end in
Pengfei Liu et al.
Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 35(2), 740-754 (2015-01-24)
This study investigated the clinical relevance and biological function of paired box gene 2 (PAX2) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Results showed that PAX2 expression was significantly increased in tumor tissues and that its expression correlated with the ESCC
Chun-Yan Wu et al.
Phytochemistry, 106, 171-177 (2014-08-02)
Forty-six abietane type diterpenoids possessing nine different fused ring systems were characterized from the roots of Salvia yunnanensis, six of which (salyunnanins A-F, 1-6) had different nor-abietane, homo-abietane, seco-abietane, and normal abietane architectures. Their structures were elucidated by comprehensive NMR
Shogo Endo et al.
Ultrasound in medicine & biology, 41(9), 2458-2465 (2015-06-15)
Because it is highly infiltrative, malignant glioma is a cancer with a poor prognosis despite multidisciplinary treatment strategies, such as aggressive surgery and chemoradiotherapy, necessitating new therapeutic approaches to control migration of tumor cells. In our study, we investigated the
Subburayan Karthikeyan et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 70, 274-282 (2015-03-18)
Previously, we reported that the prepared resveratrol (RSV) loaded gelatin nanoparticles (GNPs) possessed enhanced anticancer effect than free RSV in non-small cell lung carcinoma cells and Swiss albino mice. The present study aims to explore the relevant mechanism of cell
Yi-Chun Liao et al.
Archives of toxicology, 89(11), 1971-1979 (2014-09-10)
Inorganic arsenite (iAs) is a human carcinogen. Numerous studies have shown that mutation-activated H-Ras is frequently observed in human urothelial carcinomas. The interaction between iAs, an environmental factor, and H-Ras, an oncogene, is not clear. In this study, we explored
S-H Shin et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1490-e1490 (2014-10-24)
Methionine sulfoxide reductase A (MSRA) protects proteins from oxidation, and also helps remove reactive oxygen species (ROS) by recovering antioxidant enzymes inactivated by oxidation. Although its functions have been investigated extensively, little is known about the mechanism by which MSRA
Yi-Fei Chen et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 34(6), 1591-1598 (2014-10-17)
The difficulties faced in the effective treatment of ovarian cancer are multifactorial, but are mainly associated with relapse and drug resistance. Cancer stem-like cells have been reported to be an important contributor to these hindering factors. In this study, we
Guang-Feng Ming et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 36(3), 890-896 (2015-07-17)
Pre-B cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF) has been shown to have a variety of biological functions. Studies have proven that PBEF plays a functional role in acute lung injury (ALI). Therefore, in this study, we aimed to confirm the importance of
Hiromi Yamamoto et al.
Life sciences, 126, 37-41 (2015-02-25)
To assess the acute effects of intravenous azelnidipine, a third-generation L-type calcium channel blocker, on sympathetic outflow from the central nervous system and to compare the effects of intravenous azelnidipine with those of intravenous nifedipine. In anesthetized Wistar Kyoto rats
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