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Stephen W Stein et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 12(9), 3455-3467 (2015-08-11)
A simulation model has been established to predict the residual aerodynamic particle size distribution (APSD) of dual-component pressurized metered dose inhalers (pMDIs). More specifically, this model estimates the APSD of pMDI formulations containing dissolved and suspended compounds for various formulations
Serkan Koldaş et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 95(4), 786-798 (2014-09-10)
A detailed phytochemical analysis of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. viride (Boiss.) Hayek was carried out and the antioxidant activities of five different crude extracts were determined. The antiproliferative activities of the extracts were determined using the xCELLigence system (Real Time
N Hertkorn et al.
Magnetic resonance in chemistry : MRC, 53(9), 754-768 (2015-08-15)
High-field NMR spectra of Murchison meteorite methanolic extracts revealed primarily aliphatic extraterrestrial organic matter (EOM) with near statistical branching of commonly C(3-5) units separated by heteroatoms and aromatic units. The ratios of CCH, OCH and C(sp2)H units were 89 : 8 : 3, whereas
Md Musfiqur Rahman et al.
Food chemistry, 168, 445-453 (2014-08-31)
Determining the residues of dinotefuran and its metabolites (MNG, UF, and DN) is highly problematic because of their polar characteristics. Additionally, tea contains many compounds that can interfere with residue analysis. Thus, the aim of the present study was to
X Liu et al.
Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 49, 80-89 (2015-05-24)
We study the dynamic drying mechanics of human stratum corneum, the most superficial layer of skin and essential physical and chemical barrier to the external environment. Barrier disruption caused by a depletion of lipids ordinarily found in healthy stratum corneum
L N Munsie et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(6), 1691-1703 (2014-11-25)
Vacuolar protein sorting 35 (VPS35) is a core component of the retromer complex, crucial to endosomal protein sorting and intracellular trafficking. We recently linked a mutation in VPS35 (p.D620N) to familial parkinsonism. Here, we characterize human VPS35 and retromer function
Zhengkui Sun et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 11(5), 3235-3542 (2015-01-15)
The stem cell populations in cancerous tissues and cell lines vary widely and are often associated with aggressive cases of breast cancer. Despite research on the topic, the mechanism underlying the regulation of the breast cancer stem cell (BCSC) population
Yehua Han et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1395, 1-6 (2015-04-18)
A supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) method with an online solid collection trap has been developed for the quantitative analysis of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and 15 typical PAH derivatives in solid matrix. Compared with liquid trapping and C18 solid-phase
Yuzhen Xu et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10, 4225-4237 (2015-07-15)
The use of vincristine (VCR) to treat cancer has been limited by its dose-dependent toxicity and development of drug resistance after repeated administrations. In this study, we investigated the mechanism by which quinine hydrochloride (QN) acts as a sensitizer for
Catherine M Lockhart et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(9), 5572-5581 (2014-08-15)
Bietti crystalline dystrophy (BCD) is a rare, autosomal recessive, progressive, degenerative eye disease caused by mutations in the CYP4V2 gene, for which no treatments are currently available. Cyp4v3 is the murine ortholog to CYP4V2, and to better understand the molecular
Yu-Shin Nai et al.
Journal of invertebrate pathology, 120, 4-8 (2014-05-08)
We briefly described the morphology and transmission pathway of a Spiroplasma sp. isolated from the field cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus in Taiwan, followed by the phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence. The cricket spiroplasma infected the hemolymph, gut
Igor Otavio Minatel et al.
Journal of medicinal food, 17(10), 1134-1141 (2014-08-28)
Bioactive components in rice vary depending on the variety and growing condition. Fat-soluble components such as γ-oryzanol, tocopherols, tocotrienols, carotenoids, and fatty acids were analyzed in brown, sugary brown, red, and black rice varieties using established high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
Pradipbhai D Kalariya et al.
Journal of mass spectrometry : JMS, 50(11), 1222-1233 (2015-10-28)
Tinoridine is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug and also has potent radical scavenger and antiperoxidative activity. However, metabolism of tinoridine has not been thoroughly investigated. To identify in vivo metabolites, the drug was administered to Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 5) at a dose
Li Chu et al.
DNA and cell biology, 34(3), 178-188 (2015-01-22)
The traditional Chinese medicinal formula BDL301 has been used to inhibit inflammation for hundreds of years. The development of colorectal cancer and chronic inflammation are closely related. In this study, we investigated whether BDL301 could inhibit tumor growth. We found
Tue Kruse Rasmussen et al.
Arthritis research & therapy, 17, 154-154 (2015-06-10)
Interleukin (IL)-21 is a key cytokine in autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) by its regulation of autoantibody production and inflammatory responses. The objective of this study is to investigate the signaling capacity of IL-21 in T and
Lien Taevernier et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 491(1-2), 144-151 (2015-06-28)
Fusafungine, a mixture of the cyclic hexadepsipeptides enniatins, is currently on the market for the treatment of upper respiratory tract diseases because of its bacteriostatic and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, a quality-by-design risk assessment was performed with two objectives:
Amanda S Mota et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(5), 7925-7939 (2015-05-06)
Seed oil (Pp-oil) of Plukenetia polyadenia is used by native people of the Brazilian Amazon against arthritis and rheumatism, spreading it on the arms and legs to reduce the pain and inflammation. Pp-oil was obtained by pressing dried seeds at
Anna C C Aguiar et al.
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 110(7), 906-913 (2015-11-13)
Several species of Aspidosperma plants are used to treat diseases in the tropics, including Aspidosperma ramiflorum, which acts against leishmaniasis, an activity that is experimentally confirmed. The species, known as guatambu-yellow, yellow peroba, coffee-peroba and matiambu, grows in the Atlantic
Sohail Mohammad et al.
Therapie, 70(4), 329-335 (2015-02-14)
A two way, randomized cross-over bioequivalence study was conducted to analyse the rate and extent of absorption of atorvastatin after a single dose of 80 mg atorvastatin as atorvastatin calcium tablets. The study was carried out using healthy male volunteers
Sarah A Inskip et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0124282-e0124282 (2015-05-15)
We have examined a 5th to 6th century inhumation from Great Chesterford, Essex, UK. The incomplete remains are those of a young male, aged around 21-35 years at death. The remains show osteological evidence of lepromatous leprosy (LL) and this
Junchao Zhu et al.
Developmental neuroscience, 37(4-5), 376-389 (2015-02-28)
The severity of perinatal hypoxia-ischemia and the delay in initiating therapeutic hypothermia limit the efficacy of hypothermia. After hypoxia-ischemia in neonatal piglets, the arachidonic acid metabolite 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) has been found to contribute to oxidative stress at 3 h
Zhuoyang Fan et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0120129-e0120129 (2015-04-02)
Genexol-PM, produced by Samyang Company (Korea) is an excellent preparation of paclitaxel (PTX) for clinical cancer treatment. However, it cannot resolve the issue of multidrug resistance (MDR)-a significant problem in the administration of PTX to cancer patients. To increase the
Ting-Wen Yang et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 114, 280-287 (2015-06-21)
Single standard to determine multi-components (SSDMC) is a practical pattern for quality evaluation of herbal medicines (HMs). However, it remains challenging because of potential inconsistency of relative response factors (RRF) on different instruments. In this work, the effects of two
Sung Pil Hyun et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(21), 16463-16474 (2015-08-19)
Cis-1,2,-dichloroethylene (cis-DCE) is a toxic, persistent contaminant occurring mainly as a daughter product of incomplete degradation of perchloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE). This paper reports on abiotic reductive dechlorination of cis-DCE by mackinawite (FeS1-x), a ferrous monosulfide, under variable geochemical
Francesca Giuffrida et al.
Lipids, 49(10), 997-1004 (2014-09-05)
It has been reported that dietary gangliosides may have an important role in preventing infections and in brain development during early infancy. However, data related to the evolution of their concentration over the different stages of lactation are scarce. Liquid
Roman Generalov et al.
Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces, 129, 79-86 (2015-04-02)
Nanoparticulates responsive to X-rays offer increased efficacy of radiation therapy. However, successful demonstrations of such nanoparticle use are limited so far due to lack of significant radiosensitizing effects or poor nanoparticle stability in a biological system. Zinc oxide (ZnO) is
Marcello Locatelli et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1388, 79-86 (2015-02-24)
This paper reports the validation of a quantitative high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array (HPLC-PDA) method for the simultaneous analysis, in mouse plasma, of eperisone hydrochloride and paracetamol by protein precipitation using zinc sulphate-methanol-acetonitrile. The analytes were resolved on a Gemini
Pradipbhai D Kalariya et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 102, 353-365 (2014-12-03)
The present study reports the degradation behavior of a new antidepressant drug, vilazodone, under various stress conditions as per International Conference on Harmonization guidelines (ICH, Q1A(R2). The investigation involved monitoring decomposition of the drug under hydrolytic (acidic, basic and neutral)
Raimo A Ketola et al.
Forensic science international, 249, e7-11 (2015-02-17)
Kavalactones are a group of compounds found in kava, a beverage or extract prepared from the rhizome of the kava plant (Piper methysticum). Traditionally kava extracts have been used for their anxiolytic and sedative properties. Sales of kava extracts were
Nicola Mastroianni et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1360, 93-99 (2014-08-12)
The increasing, generalized consumption of alcohol, especially among young people, generates great concern in our society due to its negative consequences on public health and safety. Besides the traditional, official methods employed for estimation of alcohol consumption, the monitoring of
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