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Eduardo P Amaral et al.
PLoS pathogens, 10(7), e1004188-e1004188 (2014-07-06)
The purinergic P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is a sensor of extracellular ATP, a damage-associated molecule that is released from necrotic cells and that induces pro-inflammatory cytokine production and cell death. To investigate whether the innate immune response to damage signals could
Seyed-Mostafa Pirseyedi et al.
TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik, 128(12), 2403-2414 (2015-08-05)
A compensating, recombined Lr59 translocation with greatly reduced alien chromatin was identified. Microsatellite locus Xdupw217 occurs within the remaining segment and can be used as a co-dominant marker for Lr59. In earlier studies, leaf rust (caused by Puccinia triticina Eriks.)
Maria T Contestabile et al.
Molecular vision, 20, 325-333 (2014-03-29)
To describe the clinical and molecular findings of an Italian family with a new mutation in the choroideremia (CHM) gene. We performed a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination, fundus photography, macular optical coherence tomography, perimetry, electroretinography, and fluorescein angiography in an Italian
Rangarajan Padmanabhan et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(9), 1773-1786 (2015-03-22)
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is important for the formation of migratory neural crest cells during development and is co-opted in human diseases such as cancer metastasis. Chick premigratory cranial neural crest cells lose intercellular contacts, mediated in part by Cadherin-6B
Sang-Hun Lee et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(27), 10039-10057 (2015-07-15)
Persistent CB1 cannabinoid receptor activity limits neurotransmitter release at various synapses throughout the brain. However, it is not fully understood how constitutively active CB1 receptors, tonic endocannabinoid signaling, and its regulation by multiple serine hydrolases contribute to the synapse-specific calibration
Chisa Abe et al.
Parasites & vectors, 8, 5-5 (2015-01-07)
Neospora caninum, a Toxoplasma gondii-like obligate intracellular parasite, causes abortion in cattle and neurological signs in canines. To understand neosporosis better, studies on host cell migration and host immune responses during the early phase of infection are important. Although the
Timothy J Break et al.
Infection and immunity, 83(3), 958-965 (2014-12-31)
Candida albicans is part of the normal commensal microbiota of mucosal surfaces in a large percentage of the human population. However, perturbations of the host's immune response or bacterial microbiota have been shown to predispose individuals to the development of
Denis Susorov et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(6), 3332-3343 (2015-03-11)
Stabilization of the ribosomal complexes plays an important role in translational control. Mechanisms of ribosome stabilization have been studied in detail for initiation and elongation of eukaryotic translation, but almost nothing is known about stabilization of eukaryotic termination ribosomal complexes.
Elisha M Wachman et al.
The Journal of pediatrics, 165(3), 472-478 (2014-07-06)
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) from in utero opioid exposure is highly variable with genetic factors appearing to play an important role. Epigenetic changes in cytosine:guanine (CpG) dinucleotide methylation can occur after drug exposure and may help to explain NAS variability.
María C Ovejero-Benito et al.
Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.), 14(14), 2311-2322 (2015-05-07)
Nuclear DNA duplication in the absence of cell division (i.e. endoreplication) leads to somatic polyploidy in eukaryotic cells. In contrast to some invertebrate neurons, whose nuclei may contain up to 200,000-fold the normal haploid DNA amount (C), polyploid neurons in
Charlene L McCord et al.
Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 94(Pt A), 397-409 (2015-09-27)
The triggerfishes (family Balistidae) and filefishes (family Monacanthidae) comprise a charismatic superfamily (Balistoidea) within the diverse order Tetraodontiformes. This group of largely marine fishes occupies an impressive ecological range across the world's oceans, and is well known for its locomotor
Itsasne Bustillo-Zabalbeitia et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e102738-e102738 (2014-07-19)
Dynamin-Related Protein 1 (Drp1), a large GTPase of the dynamin superfamily, is required for mitochondrial fission in healthy and apoptotic cells. Drp1 activation is a complex process that involves translocation from the cytosol to the mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM) and
Alfonso Pastor-Clerigues et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e115404-e115404 (2014-12-17)
Home parenteral nutrition (PN) is associated with many complications including severe hepatobiliary dysfunction. Commercial ω-6 fatty acid-soybean based-lipid emulsions in PN may mediate long term PN associate liver disease (PNALD) whereas ω-3-fish oil parenteral emulsions have shown to reverse PNALD
Devendra Bajaj et al.
Bone, 64, 57-64 (2014-04-08)
Bisphosphonates are the most prescribed preventative treatment for osteoporosis. However, their long-term use has recently been associated with atypical fractures of cortical bone in patients who present with low-energy induced breaks of unclear pathophysiology. The effects of bisphosphonates on the
Huybrecht T'jollyn et al.
The AAPS journal, 17(6), 1376-1387 (2015-07-26)
This paper focuses on the retrospective evaluation of physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) techniques used to mechanistically predict clearance throughout pediatric life. An intravenous tramadol retrograde PBPK model was set up in Simcyp® using adult clearance values, qualified for CYP2D6, CYP3A4
Charlotte D'Mello et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(30), 10821-10830 (2015-08-01)
Patients with systemic inflammatory diseases (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic liver disease) commonly develop debilitating symptoms (i.e., sickness behaviors) that arise from changes in brain function. The microbiota-gut-brain axis alters brain function and probiotic ingestion can influence behavior.
Milene R da Costa et al.
Proteomics, 14(12), 1480-1493 (2014-04-12)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the more frequent and lethal pathological conditions seen in intensive care units. Currently available treatments are not totally effective but stem cell-based therapies are emerging as promising alternatives, especially the use of mesenchymal
Dana A Weiss et al.
Journal of pediatric urology, 11(4), 188-194 (2015-06-09)
To study the pathophysiology of dysfunctional voiding, we have previously developed a model of stress-induced voiding dysfunction. We have shown that cyclosporine A (CsA), an inhibitor of the Ca(2+)-calmodulin complex, can prevent social stress-induced urinary retention. However, treatment with cyclosporine
Kathrine Hansen et al.
The EMBO journal, 33(15), 1654-1666 (2014-06-28)
Listeria monocytogenes is a gram-positive facultative intracellular bacterium, which replicates in the cytoplasm of myeloid cells. Interferon β (IFNβ) has been reported to play an important role in the mechanisms underlying Listeria disease. Although studies in murine cells have proposed
Miguel Garcia-Castro et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6516-6516 (2015-03-19)
The limited structural diversity that a compound library represents severely restrains the discovery of bioactive small molecules for medicinal chemistry and chemical biology research, and thus calls for developing new divergent synthetic approaches to structurally diverse and complex scaffolds. Here
Hossein Nikzad et al.
Reproductive biomedicine online, 31(5), 668-680 (2015-09-19)
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) functions as a main regulatory enzyme in folate metabolism. The association of MTHFR gene Ala222Val polymorphism with male infertility in an Iranian population was investigated by undertaking a meta-analysis and in-silico approach. A genetic association study included
J-A Shin et al.
Oral diseases, 20(5), 482-489 (2013-07-16)
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors represent potential therapeutic agents against various cancers. In this study, we attempt to identify whether newly synthesized HDAC inhibitors, A248 and A1659, can be effective anti-cancer drug candidates for oral cancer. The anti-cancer activities of A248
A Fauster et al.
Cell death & disease, 6, e1767-e1767 (2015-05-23)
Necroptosis is a form of regulated necrotic cell death mediated by receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) and RIPK3. Necroptotic cell death contributes to the pathophysiology of several disorders involving tissue damage, including myocardial infarction, stroke and ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, no
Doory Kim et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0124581-e0124581 (2015-04-16)
Correlative fluorescence light microscopy and electron microscopy allows the imaging of spatial distributions of specific biomolecules in the context of cellular ultrastructure. Recent development of super-resolution fluorescence microscopy allows the location of molecules to be determined with nanometer-scale spatial resolution.
Naoki Tamura et al.
Biology open, 3(11), 1108-1115 (2014-11-02)
Rab GTPases are master regulators of eukaryotic endomembrane systems, particularly functioning in membrane tethering to confer the directionality of intracellular membrane trafficking. However, how exactly Rab GTPases themselves act upon membrane tethering processes has remained enigmatic. Here, we thoroughly tested
Shaik Mohammad Naushad et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 392(1-2), 273-280 (2014-03-29)
Obesity, genetic polymorphisms of xenobiotic metabolic pathway, hypermethylation of tumor suppressor genes, and hypomethylation of proapoptotic genes are known to be independent risk factors for breast cancer. The objective of this study is to evaluate the combined effect of these
Joanna K Hubbard et al.
Ecology and evolution, 5(16), 3436-3449 (2015-09-19)
Phenotypic differences among individuals are often linked to differential survival and mating success. Quantifying the relative influence of genetic and environmental variation on phenotype allows evolutionary biologists to make predictions about the potential for a given trait to respond to
Elizabeth A Wellberg et al.
Breast cancer research : BCR, 16(6), 481-481 (2014-12-05)
Spot14 (S14), encoded by the THRSP gene, regulates de novo fatty acid synthesis in the liver, adipose, and lactating mammary gland. We recently showed that S14 stimulated fatty acid synthase (FASN) activity in vitro, and increased the synthesis of fatty
Myong-Ho Jeong et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5455-5455 (2014-11-20)
Canonical Wnt signalling regulates expansion of neural progenitors and functions as a dorsalizing signal in the developing forebrain. In contrast, the multifunctional co-receptor Cdo promotes neuronal differentiation and is important for the function of the ventralizing signal, Shh. Here we
Kazunari Yamashita et al.
Molecular biology of the cell, 26(13), 2426-2438 (2015-05-08)
Lethal giant larvae (Lgl) is an evolutionarily conserved tumor suppressor whose loss of function causes disrupted epithelial architecture with enhanced cell proliferation and defects in cell polarity. A role for Lgl in the establishment and maintenance of cell polarity via
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