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Jian-Sheng Liu et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 9, 3923-3935 (2014-08-26)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) mediated drug efflux across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is an important mechanism underlying poor brain penetration of certain antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Nanomaterials, as drug carriers, can overcome P-gp activity and improve the targeted delivery of AEDs. However, their
Marcello Locatelli et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1388, 79-86 (2015-02-24)
This paper reports the validation of a quantitative high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array (HPLC-PDA) method for the simultaneous analysis, in mouse plasma, of eperisone hydrochloride and paracetamol by protein precipitation using zinc sulphate-methanol-acetonitrile. The analytes were resolved on a Gemini
Francesca Giuffrida et al.
Lipids, 49(10), 997-1004 (2014-09-05)
It has been reported that dietary gangliosides may have an important role in preventing infections and in brain development during early infancy. However, data related to the evolution of their concentration over the different stages of lactation are scarce. Liquid
Sifei Han et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(5), 1830-1844 (2014-12-03)
Recent studies have demonstrated the potential for a triglyceride (TG) mimetic prodrug to promote the delivery of mycophenolic acid (MPA) to the lymphatic system. Here, the metabolic pathways that facilitate the lymphatic transport of the TG prodrug (1,3-dipalmitoyl-2-mycophenoloyl glycerol, 2-MPA-TG)
Dominic J Hare et al.
ACS chemical neuroscience, 6(3), 398-402 (2015-01-15)
Plasma iron levels are decreased in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and associated with an idiopathic anemia. We examined iron-binding plasma proteins from AD patients and healthy controls from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) Flagship Study of Ageing using size
Tõiv Haljasorg et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(23), 5259-5268 (2014-05-23)
A wide range of anthropogenic pollutants that possess serious environmental and health risks are known. One type of these harmful substances that have become a focus of interest during the past decade are perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), which are extensively used
M Grégoire et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 971, 1-9 (2014-09-28)
A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay requiring a 100μL aliquot of human plasma for simultaneous determination of rilpivirine, a second generation non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors of HIV and dolutegravir, a novel integrase stand transfer inhibitors of HIV concentrations has been
Yong-Wha Lee
Clinical psychopharmacology and neuroscience : the official scientific journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 11(3), 158-164 (2014-01-28)
The demand for rapid and broad clinical toxicology screening methods to identify drugs of abuse and medicinal drugs is increasing steadily. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-TMS) is increasingly used to screen for drugs of abuse and to identify a wide
Jessica Oenarto et al.
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 560, 59-72 (2014-07-09)
This study characterizes the expression of the osmolyte transporters betaine/γ-amino-n-butyric acid (GABA) transporter (BGT-1), the taurine transporter (TauT) and the sodium-dependent myo-inositol transporter (SMIT) in various rat brain cells in culture and in rat and human cerebral cortex in situ.
Yunus Emre Unsal et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 97(4), 1034-1038 (2014-08-26)
Total concentration of metal ions at trace levels does not give sufficient information about toxicity and biological availability of these elements in fertilizer samples. In the presented work, a sequential extraction procedure modified by the European Community Bureau of Reference
Iva Kulic et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 212(1), 37-52 (2014-12-17)
Aberrant Notch activity is oncogenic in several malignancies, but it is unclear how expression or function of downstream elements in the Notch pathway affects tumor growth. Transcriptional regulation by Notch is dependent on interaction with the DNA-binding transcriptional repressor, RBPJ
Pavla Pantůčková et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1389, 1-7 (2015-03-10)
Enhanced sensitivity for determination of basic drugs in body fluids was achieved by in-line coupling of extraction across supported liquid membrane (SLM) to large electrokinetic injection and transient isotachophoresis-capillary zone electrophoresis (tITP-CZE) in commercial CZE instrument. Twelve cm long tITP
Yu Zhang et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 21(16), 9468-9476 (2013-08-15)
Nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEOs) with low ethoxylation degree (NPav₂EO; containing two ethoxy units on average) and estrogenic properties are the intermediate products of nonionic surfactant NPEOs. To better understand the environmental fate of low-ethoxylated NPEOs, phylogenetically diverse low-ethoxylated NPEO-degrading bacteria were
Morten Persson et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 11(8), 2796-2806 (2014-06-24)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) is implicated in cancer invasion and metastatic development in prostate cancer and provides therefore an attractive molecular target for both imaging and therapy. In this study, we provide the first in vivo data on
Giuseppe Cirillo et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 48, 499-510 (2015-01-13)
Thermo-responsive hydrogel films, synthesized by UV-initiated radical polymerization, are proposed as delivery devices for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Diclofenac sodium and Naproxen). N-isopropylacrylamide and N,N'-ethylenebisacrylamide were chosen as thermo-sensitive monomer and crosslinker, respectively. Infrared spectroscopy was used to assess the incorporation
Julie Maria Dersch et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(10), 2829-2836 (2015-02-05)
Human serum albumin (HSA) is the most abundant protein in the human plasma. HSA has several physiological roles in the human body, including storage and transport. Owing to the predominance of albumin in plasma, HSA is often involved in the
Shuaijun Yang et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 134(29), 11868-11871 (2012-07-04)
We have discovered that squaraine NCSQ easily react with ketones in the presence of ammonium acetate to form a novel type of squaraine CCSQ. It is interesting to find that NCSQs exhibit unusual solid-state fluorescence, whereas CCSQs only exhibit fluorescence
Maciej Jarosz et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 851, 72-77 (2014-12-03)
Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) techniques have been used to characterize the speciation of a Ru(III) anticancer drug, indazolium trans-[tetrachloridobis(1H-indazole) ruthenate(III)], upon its binding to transferrin and the impact of cellular reducing components on drug-transferrin adducts. Using time-of-flight ESI-MS, the
Angelica Guerrero-Castilla et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 38(3), 742-750 (2014-10-13)
Exposure to coal dust has been associated with different chronic diseases and mortality risk. This airborne pollutant is produced during coal mining and transport activities, generating environmental and human toxicity. The aim of this study was to determine the effects
Igor Otavio Minatel et al.
Journal of medicinal food, 17(10), 1134-1141 (2014-08-28)
Bioactive components in rice vary depending on the variety and growing condition. Fat-soluble components such as γ-oryzanol, tocopherols, tocotrienols, carotenoids, and fatty acids were analyzed in brown, sugary brown, red, and black rice varieties using established high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
Haidy Metwally et al.
Analytical chemistry, 87(4), 2434-2442 (2015-01-17)
Protein analyses by electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry can suffer from interferences caused by nonvolatile salts. The mechanistic basis of this effect remains to be fully investigated. In the current work we explore the behavior of proteins under native and
Sebastiaan Bijttebier et al.
Food chemistry, 165, 371-378 (2014-07-21)
Food processing enterprises produce enormous amounts of organic waste that contains valuable phytochemicals (e.g. C17-polyacetylenes). Knowledge on the phytochemicals content is a first step towards valorisation. Quantification of C17-polyacetylenes is however often hampered by the lack of commercially available standards
Taylor A Choi et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 104(5), 1832-1838 (2015-03-03)
The hydroxypyridinonate ligand 3,4,3-LI(1,2-HOPO) is currently under development for radionuclide chelation therapy. The preclinical characterization of this highly promising ligand comprised the evaluation of its in vitro properties, including microsomal, plasma, and gastrointestinal fluid stability, cytochrome P450 inhibition, plasma protein
Muluneh M Fashe et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 27(11), 1950-1957 (2014-10-09)
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) such as retrorsine are common food contaminants that are known to be bioactivated by cytochrome P450 enzymes to putative hepatotoxic, genotoxic, and carcinogenic metabolites known as dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids (DHPs). We compared how both electrochemical (EC) and human
Laura Herrero et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 853, 625-636 (2014-12-04)
Phthalates (PAEs) are ubiquitous toxic chemical compounds. During the last few years, some phthalate metabolites (MPAEs) have been proposed as appropriate biomarkers in human urine samples to determine PAE human intake and exposure. So, it is necessary to have fast
Nicola Mastroianni et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1360, 93-99 (2014-08-12)
The increasing, generalized consumption of alcohol, especially among young people, generates great concern in our society due to its negative consequences on public health and safety. Besides the traditional, official methods employed for estimation of alcohol consumption, the monitoring of
Sophie Lissalde et al.
The Science of the total environment, 488-489, 188-196 (2014-05-17)
This study focuses on how Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Samplers (POCIS) work in real environmental conditions. A selection of 23 polar pesticides and 8 metabolites were investigated by exposure of triplicates of integrative samplers in two rivers in France for
Alberto Sánchez-Guijo et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(2), 403-412 (2014-12-17)
Steroid sulfatase (STS) deficiency is the underlying cause of the skin condition known as recessive X-linked ichthyosis (RXLI). RXLI patients show scales on their skin caused by high concentrations of cholesterol sulfate (CS), as they are not capable of releasing
Walid M Ebeid et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(26), 6701-6712 (2014-09-06)
A RP-LC method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of the active components, azilsartan medoxomil (AZL) and chlorthalidone (CLT), in their novel antihypertensive combined recipe. The chromatographic separation was achieved on an Eclipse XDB-C18 (4.6 × 150 mm, 5 μm) column using a mobile
Lakkireddy Prakash et al.
Journal of chromatographic science, 53(1), 122-126 (2014-05-20)
Nicorandil is a potent drug with a dual mechanism of action which results in its wide application in treating angina patients. Since the literature review showed no single preparative method for isolation and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) compatible [high-performance liquid
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