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Veronica Ferrucci et al.
Science signaling, 14(690) (2021-07-08)
Inorganic polyphosphates (polyPs) are linear polymers composed of repeated phosphate (PO4 3-) units linked together by multiple high-energy phosphoanhydride bonds. In addition to being a source of energy, polyPs have cytoprotective and antiviral activities. Here, we investigated the antiviral activities
Sally Esmail et al.
Cell reports methods, 1(2), 100011-100011 (2021-07-09)
We have developed a rapid, accurate, and cost-effective serologic test for SARS-CoV-2 virus, which caused the COVID-19 pandemic, on the basis of antibody-dependent agglutination of antigen-coated latex particles. When validated using plasma samples that are positive or negative for SARS-CoV-2
Dorothee Winterberg et al.
Journal of clinical medicine, 10(12) (2021-07-03)
B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) is the most frequent malignancy in children and also occurs in adulthood. Despite high cure rates, BCP-ALL chemotherapy can be highly toxic. This type of toxicity can most likely be reduced by antibody-based immunotherapy
Gestur Vidarsson et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 5, 520-520 (2014-11-05)
Of the five immunoglobulin isotypes, immunoglobulin G (IgG) is most abundant in human serum. The four subclasses, IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4, which are highly conserved, differ in their constant region, particularly in their hinges and upper CH2 domains. These
Margherita Passariello et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(16) (2021-08-28)
The rare but dangerous adverse events evidenced after massive vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 are represented by thrombosis and thrombocytopenia. The patients diagnosed with severe COVID-19 may develop a pro-thrombotic state with a much higher frequency, thus we decided to investigate the
Hongyan Hou et al.
Clinical & translational immunology, 9(5), e01136-e01136 (2020-05-10)
This study aimed to determine the IgM and IgG responses against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV)-2 in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with varying illness severities. IgM and IgG antibody levels were assessed via chemiluminescence immunoassay in 338 COVID-19
Mengyan Li et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 131(23) (2021-10-22)
To delineate the in vivo role of different costimulatory signals in activating and expanding highly functional virus-specific cytotoxic CD8+ T cells, we designed synTacs, infusible biologics that recapitulate antigen-specific T cell activation signals delivered by antigen-presenting cells. We constructed synTacs
S Hashira et al.
Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society, 42(4), 337-342 (2000-09-15)
Maternal immunoglobulin G (IgG), transferred across the placenta to the fetus during intrauterine life, is an important component of the neonatal immunological defence mechanisms against infection. There is controversy with respect to differences in placental transfer of the different IgG
Fanli Yang et al.
Cell host & microbe, 27(3), 441-453 (2020-02-01)
Rabies virus (RABV), the etiological agent for the lethal disease of rabies, is a deadly zoonotic pathogen. The RABV glycoprotein (RABV-G) is a key factor mediating virus entry and the major target of neutralizing antibodies. Here, we report the crystal
Jaspreet Jain et al.
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 102(4), 857-868 (2020-02-19)
Chikungunya fever (CHIKF) is a major public health concern and is caused by chikungunya virus (CHIKV). In 2005, the virus was reintroduced into India, resulting in massive outbreaks in several parts of the country. During 2010 and 2016 outbreaks, we
PCSK9 prosegment chimera as novel inhibitors of LDLR degradation.
Saavedra, YG; Zhang, J; Seidah, NG
Testing null
Chakkrapong Handumrongkul et al.
Science advances, 5(11), eaax0217-eaax0217 (2019-12-07)
Recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors are transforming therapies for rare human monogenic deficiency diseases. However, adaptive immune responses to AAV and its limited DNA insert capacity, restrict their therapeutic potential. HEDGES (high-level extended duration gene expression system), a nonviral DNA-
Courtney Voss et al.
JCI insight, 6(13) (2021-06-04)
BACKGROUNDThe role of humoral immunity in COVID-19 is not fully understood, owing, in large part, to the complexity of antibodies produced in response to the SARS-CoV-2 infection. There is a pressing need for serology tests to assess patient-specific antibody response
Tara Bancroft et al.
Cellular immunology, 304-305, 35-43 (2016-05-24)
The recent increase in cases of whooping cough among teenagers in the US suggests that the acellular Bordetella pertussis vaccine (aP) that became standard in the mid 1990s might be relatively less effective than the whole-bacteria formulation (wP) previously used
Yiwen Wang et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 22(5), 4125-4134 (2020-09-10)
Previous studies have revealed that activation of the Toll‑like receptor 4 (TLR4)‑mediated proinflammatory signaling pathway plays an important role in acute inflammation, sepsis and chronic inflammatory disorders. Moreover, TLR4 significantly contributes to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑induced immune response. Thus, modulation of the
Krasimir Kostov et al.
Diagnostics (Basel, Switzerland), 11(5) (2021-06-03)
Thickening of the vascular basement membrane (BM) is a fundamental structural change in the small blood vessels in diabetes. Collagen type IV (CIV) is a major component of the BMs, and monitoring the turnover of this protein in type 2
Margherita Passariello et al.
Scientific reports, 11(1), 11046-11046 (2021-05-28)
Among the therapies against the pandemic SARS-CoV-2 virus, monoclonal Antibodies (mAbs) targeting the Spike glycoprotein represent good candidates to interfere in the Spike/ACE2 interaction, preventing virus cell entry. Since anti-spike mAbs, used individually, might be unable to block the virus
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